Bhranti, Bhrānti: 6 definitions


Bhranti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bhrānti (भ्रान्ति, “error”) refers to one of the twenty-one sandhyantara, or “distinct characteristics of segments (sandhi)” according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. The segments are divisions of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic play (nāṭaka) and consist of sixty-four limbs, known collectively as the sandhyaṅga.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Bhrānti (भ्रान्ति, “illusion”) or Bhrāntimān refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—Cirañjīva has treated the figure named bhrānti. The predecessors of Cirañjīva like Mammaṭa Ruyyaka Viśvanātha and Jagannātha have given the name bhrāntimān instead of bhrānti. Infact bhrāntimān and bhrānti these two are same in nature.

Whenever a thing is perceived or taken as another thing due to similarity it is called bhrānti or illusion. This illusion happens in the practical world when a person takes a snail as silver. But how this type of illusory knowledge can be taken as a figure of speech? To answer it may be said that this mere practical illusory knowledge can not be an alaṃkāra, but this illusory knowledge when presented by a poet in his work of art it assumes beauty and it receives the designation of an alaṃkāra.

Example of the bhrānti-alaṃkāra:—

mandamākalitakaṅkaṇakkaṇaṃ cañcalena vasanāñcalena
sā tatra dīpakalikābhramānmuhuśceṣṭate maṇiśikhāvilopane

“She tries again and again to extinguish the flamelight of a jewel by the quivering veil of her garment on account of her illusion as a lamp”.

Notes: In this verse the light reflecting from the jewel is taken as lamp by the newly wedded woman. Here the light of the jewel is taken as the lamp due to illusion. So it is an example of the figure of speech bhrānti.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhrānti (भ्रांति).—f (S) pop. bhrānta f Mistake, misapprehension, erroneous conception or judgment. 2 Wandering, aberration, wildness or confusedness of mind. Ex. durjanā ghāluni anivāra bhrānti || bhaktā chaḷavisī tayā hātīṃ ||. 3 Doubtfulness, dubiousness, doubt.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhrānti (भ्रांति) [-ta, -त].—f Doubt. Mistake. Wandering of mind.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhrānti (भ्रान्ति).—[bhram-ktin] f.

1) Moving or wandering about.

2) Turning round, rolling.

3) A revolution, circular or rotatory movement; चक्रभ्रान्तिररान्तरेषु वितनोत्यन्यामिवारा- बलीम् (cakrabhrāntirarāntareṣu vitanotyanyāmivārā- balīm) V.1.5.

4) An error, a mistake, delusion, wrong notion, false idea impression; श्रितासि चन्दनभ्रान्त्या दुर्विपाकं विषद्रुमम् (śritāsi candanabhrāntyā durvipākaṃ viṣadrumam) U.1.47; षाण्मासिके तु संप्राप्ते भ्रान्तिः संजायते नृणाम् । धात्राक्षराणि सृष्टानि पत्रारूढान्यतः पुरा (ṣāṇmāsike tu saṃprāpte bhrāntiḥ saṃjāyate nṛṇām | dhātrākṣarāṇi sṛṣṭāni patrārūḍhānyataḥ purā) || Jyotistattvam.

5) Confusion, perplexity.

6) Doubt, uncertainty, suspense.

7) Unsteadiness.

Derivable forms: bhrāntiḥ (भ्रान्तिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrānti (भ्रान्ति).—f.

(-ntiḥ) 1. Error, mistake, ignorance. 2. Going round, whirling, revolving. 3. Unsteadiness, locomotion. 4. Going about, wandering. 5. Confusion. 6. Delusion. 7. Doubt. E. bhram to go round, aff. ktin, and the vowel made long.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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