Bhrashta, Bhraṣṭa: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Bhrashta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhraṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Bhrasta or Bhrashta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Bhrasht.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट) refers to “fallen” (e.g., water from the sky), as mentioned in verse 5.1-2 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] vitalizing, refreshing, pleasing one’s stomach, satisfying, stimulating one’s intellect, thin, of indistinct taste, savoury, cold, light, (and) nectar-like (is) Ganges water [viz., gaṅgāmbu] fallen [viz., bhraṣṭa] from the sky [viz., nabhas]; (as it is), however, touched by sun, moon, and wind (in falling), it is largely dependent upon place and time so far as its wholesomeness and unwholesomeness are concerned”.

Note: Bhraṣṭa (“fallen”) has been translated by by ’bab-pa (“falling”).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट) refers to “fallen” (viz., one fallen from austerities), according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as Śrīkaṇṭha said to the Goddess: “Having abandoned this Vaiṣṇavī Māyā, reveal (your) essential nature (svarūpa). Tell me the Kula liturgy (krama) and (give me) the Kaulika consecration. O mistress of the gods, you are my saviour. There is no other (true) Vidyā at all. (I am) devoid of the Command and have fallen from (my) austerities [i.e., tapas-bhraṣṭa]. O mistress of the gods, tell (me) the knowledge (that will liberate me)”.

2) Bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट) refers to “having lost (one’s kingdom)”, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “One who, having abandoned a teacher who is blissful and Command is radiant, goes to another, is obstructed everywhere, like a king who has lost his kingdom (rājya-bhraṣṭa). He who maintains his body (pure), (guards his) knowledge of (the Kaula sacrificial) substances, (looks after the) clothes and vehicles of his teacher is worthy of receiving initiation”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bhrashta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट) refers to “going astray”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.17 (“The dialogue between Indra and Kāmadeva”).—Accordingly, as Kāma said to Brahmā: “[...] O dear friend, I shall cause the downfall of that enemy of yours who is performing a severe penance to usurp your position. [...] I can undoubtedly make Brahmā and Viṣṇu go astray [i.e., bhraṣṭa]. Others are of no consideration. I shall make even Śiva fall. I have only five arrows that are soft and flowery. My bow is of three types. That too is flowery. The bowstring consists of bees. My support and strength is my beloved wife Ratī. Spring is my minister. O god, I am having five forces. The moon, the storehouse of nectar, is my friend. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: University of Vienna: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट) refers to “(being) banished (from the kingdom)”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “Having had [an image of] Sudarśana with such various aspects constructed, [but] having not installed [the image properly], the Kings and ministers will at once lose [all their] wealth and be defeated by [their] enemies. Because of the absence of worship they will [eventually] be banished (bhraṣṭa) from the kingdom and persecuted”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Bhrashta in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट) refers to “having lost” (a particular spiritual benefit), according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [The Yogin] should avoid one who says, ‘I am the knower of Brahma’ [but who is also] attached to performing [Vedic] sacrifices [that are] connected to the world of transmigration. [Such a person] has lost (bhraṣṭa) the benefit of both [Vedic] action and the [Upaniṣadic knowledge of] Brahma [and should be avoided] just as [a Brahmin avoids] an untouchable. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट) refers to “(having) fallen” (from the hand into a great ocean), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The jewel of enlightenment is not easily obtained again for men in the ocean of life like a jewel of great value that has fallen (bhraṣṭa) from the hand into a great ocean”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट).—p S Parched, boiled, roasted.

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bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट).—p (S) Fallen; esp. in figurative senses (as from dignity, power, eminence, caste, virtue, rectitude). Pr. itōbhraṣṭa tatōbhraṣṭa. 2 Confused, bewildered, perplexed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट).—p Fallen. Confused. Parched.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट).—p. p.

1) Fallen, dropped.

2) Decayed, ruined.

3) Fled, escaped.

4) Depraved, vicious.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Fallen, lost. 2. Vicious, depraved, fallen from virtue. 3. Fried, parched. E. bhraṃś to fall, or bhrasaj to fry, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट).—[adjective] fallen, dropped down from ([ablative] or —°) into ([locative]); sunk, ruined, lost, gone; separated from, deprived of ([ablative] or —°).

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Bhrastā (भ्रस्ता).—[feminine] bag (cf. bhastrā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट):—[from bhraś] a mfn. fallen, dropped, fallen down or from or off ([ablative] or [compound]), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (with or [scilicet] divaḥ), fallen from the sky id est. banished to the earth, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Śukasaptati]

3) [v.s. ...] broken down, decayed, ruined, disappeared, lost, gone, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] fled or escaped from, rid of ([ablative]), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [v.s. ...] strayed or separated from, deprived of ([ablative] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] depraved, vicious, a backslider, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) Bhraṣṭā (भ्रष्टा):—[from bhraṣṭa > bhraś] f. a fallen or unchaste woman, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

8) Bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट):—b ṭaka See √bhraṃś, p.769.

9) Bhrastā (भ्रस्ता):—f. = bhastrā, a bag, [Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट):—[(ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) a.] Fallen; fried.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Cukka, Phiṭṭa, Phiḍia, Phuṭṭa, Bhaṭṭha, Bhulla.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhrashta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhrashta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट) [Also spelled bhrasht]:—(a) corrupt(ed); spoilt; fallen; depraved; ruined; wanton; hence [bhraṣṭā] feminine form; ~[] corruption, depravity, state of being spoilt/fallen/ruined; wantonness.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhraṣṭa (ಭ್ರಷ್ಟ):—

1) [adjective] fallen; dropped; fallen down or from.

2) [adjective] turned aside from right path, rectitude, righteousness, morality, etc.

3) [adjective] spoiled; ruined.

4) [adjective] lost; lapsed; no longer seen or available.

5) [adjective] gone away from; departed.

6) [adjective] bad; evil; inequitous; immoral; sinful; corrupt.

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Bhraṣṭa (ಭ್ರಷ್ಟ):—

1) [noun] that which is fallen, dropped down or from.

2) [noun] the condition of being spoiled; destruction.

3) [noun] the fact of being lost, disappeared.

4) [noun] a man who is characterised by evil, immoral, sinful or irreligious qualities; a corrupt man.

5) [noun] he who is excommunicated from his caste, religion, position, status, etc.

6) [noun] a man who has been expelled from his own country.

7) [noun] a man who takes bribe and favours (a person) with undue advantage.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhrashta in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Bhraṣṭa (भ्रष्ट):—adj. 1. fallen; 2. corrupted; corrupt; 3. debased; polluted; violated;

2) Bhraṣṭā (भ्रष्टा):—n. a fallen woman;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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