Bhikkhu, aka: Bhikhu; 9 Definition(s)
Bhikkhu means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms
M (A being who renounces (the pleasures of the world)). The most often, this term refers to Buddhas disciples, to the members of the sangha. To be a bhikkhu, one should give up all worldly possessions except a bowl, a robe and a few utensils such as a razor, a tooth brush, a water filter, etc. One should then perform a specific ceremony that does unfold according to the rules of the appropriate kammavaca, within a sima, in the presence of at least five bhikkhus, and positively answer fifteen questions.
Basically, this term defines the one who seeks detachment and strives to follow this path (with a shaven head or not). The bhikkhu is someone who abandons all enterprises and everything that can bring some enjoyment, possessions or fame. He relentlessly trains for liberation and remains vigilant and attentive to everything that appears to his mind. The rest of the time, he studies and teaches the dhamma.
See also: The monksSource: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
A fully ordained disciple of the Buddha is called a bhikkhu.
"Mendicant monk" may be suggested as the closest equivalent for "Bhikkhu", literally it means "he who begs" but bhikkhus do not beg. They silently stand at the door for alms. They live on what is spontaneously given by the supporters.
He is not a priest as he is no mediator between God and man. He has no vows for life, but he is bound by his rules which he takes of his own accord. He leads a life of voluntary poverty and celibacy. If he is unable to live the Holy Life, he can discard the robe at any time.Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Buddhism)
Bhiksu in Sanskrit, Bhikkhu in Pali. A monk, who has left home, is fully ordained to follow the way of the Buddha, and depends on alms for a living.Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary
A Bhikkhu, (Sanskrit: Bhiksu) is a fully ordained male Buddhist monastic. Female monastics are called Bhikkhunis (Skt: Bhiksunis). Bhikkhus and Bhikkhunis keep many precepts: they live by the vinayas framework of monastic discipline, the basic rules of which are called the patimokkha. Their lifestyle is shaped so as to support their spiritual practice, to live a simple and meditative life, and attain Nirvana.
The Dhammapada states:
Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism
Not therefore is he a bhikkhu
Merely because he begs from others.
Not by adopting the outward form
Does one truly become a bhikkhu.
He who wholly subdues evil,
Both small and great,
Is called a monk (bhikkhu)
Because he has overcome all evil. Dhp 266, 267
Techincal term for mendicant monk, a religious prefessional who has abandoned worldly pleasures to attain Buddhist idea of nirvana.Source: Buddhism Tourism: Glossary of Buddhist Terms
Buddhist monk(s).Source: Amaravati: Glossary
Languages of India and abroad
bhikkhu : (m.) a Buddhist monk.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Bhikkhu, (cp. later Sk. bhikṣu, fr. bhikṣ) an almsman, a mendicant, a Buddhist monk or priest, a bhikkhu. ‹-› Nom. sg. bhikkhu freq. passim; Vin. III, 40 (vuḍḍhapabbajita); A. I, 78 (thera bh. , an elder bh. ; and nava bh. a young bh.); III, 299 (id.); IV, 25 (id.); Sn. 276, 360, 411 sq. , 915 sq. , 1041, 1104; Dh. 31, 266 sq. , 364 sq. , 378; Vv 801; Acc. bhikkhuṃ Vin. III, 174; Dh. 362, & bhikkhunaṃ Sn. 87, 88, 513; Gen. Dat. bhikkhuno A. I, 274; Sn. 221, 810, 961; Dh. 373; Pv. I, 1010; & bhikkhussa A. I, 230; Vin. III, 175; Instr. bhikkhunā Sn. 389. pl. Nom. bhikkhū Vin. II, 150; III, 175; D. III, 123; Vism. 152 (in sim.); VbhA. 305 (compared with amaccaputtā) & bhikkhavo Sn. 384, 573; Dh. 243, 283; Acc. bhikkhu Sn. p. 78; M. I, 84; Vv 2210; & bhikkhavo Sn. 384, 573; Gen. Dat. bhikkhūnaṃ Vin. III, 285; D. III, 264; Sn. 1015; Pv. II, 17; & bhikkhunaṃ S. I, 190; Th. 1, 1231; Instr. bhikkhūhi Vin. III, 175; Loc. bhikkhūsu A. IV, 25, & bhikkhusu Th. 1, 241, 1207; Dh. 73; Voc. bhikkhave (a Māgadhī form of Nom. bhikkhavaḥ) Vin. III, 175; Sn. p. 78; VvA. 127; PvA. 8, 39, 166; & bhikkhavo Sn. 280, 385.
There are several allegorical etymologies (definitions) of the word bhikkhu, which occur frequently in the commentaries. All are fanciful interpretations of the idea of what a bhikkhu is or should be, and these qualities were sought and found in the word itself. Thus we mention here the foll. (a) bhikkhu=bhinnakilesa (“one who has broken the stains＂ i.e. of bad character) VbhA. 328; VvA. 29, 114, 310; PvA. 51. ‹-› (b) Another more explicit expln is “sattannaṃ dhammānaṃ bhinnattā bhikkhu＂ (because of the breaking or destroying of 7 things, viz. the 7 bad qualities, leading to rebirth, consisting of sakkāyadiṭṭhi, vicikicchā, sīlabbata-parāmāsa, rāga, dosa, moha, māna). This def. at Nd1 70=Nd2 477a.—(c) Whereas in a & b the first syllable bhi(-kkhu) is referred to bhid, in this def. it is referred to bhī (to fear), with the further reference of (bh-) ikkh(u) to īkṣ (to see), and bhikkhu defined as “saṃsāre bhayaṃ ikkhati ti bh. ＂ Vism. 3, 16 (saṃsāre bhayaṃ ikkhaṇatāya vā bhinna-paṭa-dharaditāya vā).—A very comprehensive def. of the term is found at Vbh. 245—246, where bhikkhu-ship is established on the ground of 18 qualities (beginning with samaññāya bhikkhu, paṭiññāya bh. , bhikkhatī ti bh. , bhikkhako ti bh. , bhikkhācariyaṃ ajjhupagato ti bh. , bhinna-paṭa-dharo ti bh. , bhindati pāpake dhamme ti bh. , bhinnattā pāpakānaṃ dhammānan ti bh. etc. etc.).—This passage is expld in detail at VbhA. 327, 328.—Two kinds of bhikkhus are distinguished at Ps. I, 176; Nd1 465=Nd2 477b, viz. kalyāṇa(—ka-)puthujjana (a layman of good character) and sekkha (one in training), for which latter the term paṭilīnacara (one who lives in elimination, i.e. in keeping away from the dangers of worldly life) is given at Nd1 130 (on Sn. 810).
—gatika a person who associates with the bhikkhus (in the Vihāra) Vin. I, 148. —bhāva state of being a monk, monkhood, bhikkhuship D. I, 176; Sn. p. 102; —saṅgha the community of bhikkhus, the Order of friars D. III, 208; Sn. 403, 1015; Sn. p. 101, 102; Miln. 209; PvA. 19 sq. & passim. (Page 504)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
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Search found 88 books and stories containing Bhikkhu or Bhikhu. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Bhikkhus Rules (by Bhikkhu Ariyesako)
Major Rule Groups Of The Patimokkha < [Part Two]
Becoming A Bhikkhu < [Part Two]
A Bhikkhus Steward < [Chapter 3 - Possessions And Offerings]
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Part 7 - The Noble Practice of Fraternal Living (Sāranīya) < [Chapter 40 - The Buddha Declared the Seven Factors of Non-Decline for Rulers]
Part 3 - Eruption of A Great Dispute within The Sangha < [Chapter 27b - The Buddha’s Ninth Vassa at Kosambī]
Sakka’s Question (1): on envy (issā) and stinginess (macchariya) < [Chapter 39 - How the Āṭānāṭiya Paritta came to be Taught]
Banner of the Arahants (by Bhikkhu Khantipalo)
Part 4 - Question Oneself < [Chapter 8 - Westerners In The Sangha]
Guide to Tipitaka (by U Ko Lay)
Book 1 - Parajika Pali < [Chapter II - Vinaya Pitaka]
Book 2 - Pacittiya Pali < [Chapter II - Vinaya Pitaka]
Part II - Bhikkhu Vagga < [(b) Majjihma Pannasa Pali]
Vinaya Pitaka (1): The Analysis of Monks’ Rules (Bhikkhu-vibhanga) (by I. B. Horner)
Translation of the term bhikkhu < [Translator’s Introduction]
The various forms of address < [Translator’s Introduction]
Translation of the term brāhmaṇa (brahmin) < [Translator’s Introduction]
Samatha Sutta (by Sujin Boriharnwanaket)