Bhiksha, Bhikṣā: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bhiksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhikṣā can be transliterated into English as Bhiksa or Bhiksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Bhiksha (receiving alms) refers to a type of “privilege” applied to certain divisions of the Nambutiris. Bhiksha refers to the right of becoming a Sanyasi. The Nambutiri people form the socio-spiritual aristocracy of Malabar, and, as the traditional landlords of Parasu Rama’s land, they are everywhere held in great reverence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhikṣā.—(IE 8-4), a grant or endowment; cf. ekādaśa- Rudra-bhikṣā (EI 32), an endowment in the gods’ name. Note: bhikṣā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhikṣā (भिक्षा).—f (S) Alms or charity; money or food given to beggars. v ghāla, dē. Pr. bhikṣā ghāla gē sāvitrī kōṇhī ghālatō kāya? Pr. bhikṣēśvara kiṃvā laṅkēśvara or, popularly, bhikēsarī kīṃ laṅkēsarī (I'll be) either the king of beggars or the lord of Lanka. 2 Applied to a boon or thing earnestly besought. Ex. tū kōṇhāvara rāgēṃ bharūṃ nakō ēvaḍhī malā bhikṣā dē.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhikṣā (भिक्षा).—f Alms or charity.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhikṣā (भिक्षा).—[bhikṣ-a]

1) Asking, begging, soliciting वृत्ते शरावसंपाते भिक्षां नित्यं यतिश्चरेत् (vṛtte śarāvasaṃpāte bhikṣāṃ nityaṃ yatiścaret) Ms.6.56.

2) Anything given as alms, alms; भवति भिक्षां देहि (bhavati bhikṣāṃ dehi).

3) Wages, hire.

4) Service.

5) A means of subsistence अपेतक्लमसंतापाः सुभिक्षाः सुप्रतिश्रयाः (apetaklamasaṃtāpāḥ subhikṣāḥ supratiśrayāḥ) Rām.2.92.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhikṣā (भिक्षा).—f.

(-kṣā) 1. Service. 2. Hire, wages. 3. Begging, asking. 4. The thing obtained by begging, alms. 5. A mouthful or handful of food, given as alms. E. bhikṣ to beg or obtain by begging, aṅ and ṭāp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhikṣā (भिक्षा).—[bhikṣ + ā], f. 1. Begging, [Pañcatantra] 116, 17. 2. Alms., [Pañcatantra] 116, 19. 3. Begged food, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 50. 4. Hire. 5. Service.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhikṣā (भिक्षा).—[feminine] begging or begged food, alms; [accusative] [with] yā, car, or aṭ go begging for food.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhikṣā (भिक्षा):—[from bhikṣ] f. the act of begging or asking (with √kṛ, to beg; with √aṭ, car, bhram and , to go about begging), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] any boon obtained by begging (alms, food etc.), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc. (also ifc. e.g. putra-bhikṣāṃ dehi, ‘grant the boon of a son’ [Rāmāyaṇa])

3) [v.s. ...] hire, wages, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] service, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhikṣa (भिक्ष):—(ṅa) bhikṣata 1. d. To beg, to get; to fail to get; to be weary.

2) Bhikṣā (भिक्षा):—(kṣā) 1. f. Begging; service; hire; a mouthful given in alms.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Bhikṣā (भिक्षा):—(wie eben) f. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 38.]

1) das Betteln [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 6. 3, 4, 29, 226.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 567.] [Medinīkoṣa ṣ. 20.] bhavatpūrvaṃ brāhmaṇo bhikṣāṃ yātu Einschiebung nach [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 1, 9.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 11, 3, 3, 7.] [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 2, 7.] bhikṣām caret [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 56.] bhikṣāmaṭati [PAÑCAR. 3, 13, 18.] bhikṣāṃ bhraman [Kathāsaritsāgara 36, 76.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 67.] kaścidbhikṣāṃ karoti [PAÑCAR. 1, 3, 26.] bhikṣābalipariśrāntaḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 34.] bhikṣābaliśrāddham (so die ed. Bomb.) [Mahābhārata 3, 14682.] [Spr. 1412.] bhikṣā balaṃ bhikṣukāṇām [Spr.] kṣatriyāṇāṃ im 4ten Th. [Pañcatantra 7, 8.] [ŚUK.] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (II) 34, 13.] —

2) Erbetteltes, Almosen [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 813] (= grāsamātraka) . [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 11, 5, 9.] bhavati bhikṣāṃ dehi [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 57.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 2, 14.] bhikṣeta bhikṣām [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 50.] [Spr. 5402.] bhikṣāṃ ca bhikṣave dadyāt [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 94. 95. 96. 4, 248. 6, 7.] nānuśāsanavādābhyāṃ bhikṣāṃ lipseta karhicit [6, 50.] [Spr. 2043. fg.] bhikṣāṃ prāpya [Kathāsaritsāgara 30, 94.] śeṣa [Pañcatantra 116, 18.] kadambaka [Amarakoṣa 2, 7, 46.] pretasya śarīraṃ bhikṣayā (gandhamālyānnādilakṣaṇayā Schol.) vasanenālaṃkāreṇeti saṃskurvanti [Chāndogyopaniṣad 8, 8, 5.] In comp. mit dem erbetenen Gegenstande: ito vaivasvataṃ gatvā bhikṣiṣye putrabhikṣāṃ dehi gieb mir den Sohn als Almosen [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 66, 38.] — Nach [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 29, 226.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] und [Medinīkoṣa] ausserdem Dienst (sevā) und Lohn (bhṛti) . — Vgl. durbhikṣa, subhikṣa, māṃsabhikṣā, bhaikṣa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Bhikṣā (भिक्षा):—f.

1) das Betteln. bhikṣāṃ yā , car , aṭ oder bhram auf den Bettel gehen , betteln ; mit kar betteln.

2) Erbetteltes , Almosen. In Comp. mit dem erbettelten Gegenstande ( putra). —

3) *Dienst.

4) *Lohn.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhiksha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhikṣā (भिक्षा):—(nf) alms, charity; begging; ~[caryā] occupation of begging; ~[jīvī] subsisting on alms/charity; -[pātra] one who deserves being granted alms; a begging bowl; -[bhājana] see -[pātra] ; -[vṛttī] a beggar’s occupation, beggary.

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