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Bhikkhu Sutta, 2 Definition(s)


Bhikkhu Sutta means something in Buddhism, Pali. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Buddhism


Bhikkhu, (cp. later Sk. bhikṣu, fr. bhikṣ) an almsman, a mendicant, a Buddhist monk or priest, a bhikkhu. ‹-› Nom. sg. bhikkhu freq. passim; Vin. III, 40 (vuḍḍhapabbajita); A. I, 78 (thera bh. , an elder bh. ; and nava bh. a young bh.); III, 299 (id.); IV, 25 (id.); Sn. 276, 360, 411 sq. , 915 sq. , 1041, 1104; Dh. 31, 266 sq. , 364 sq. , 378; Vv 801; Acc. bhikkhuṃ Vin. III, 174; Dh. 362, & bhikkhunaṃ Sn. 87, 88, 513; Gen. Dat. bhikkhuno A. I, 274; Sn. 221, 810, 961; Dh. 373; Pv. I, 1010; & bhikkhussa A. I, 230; Vin. III, 175; Instr. bhikkhunā Sn. 389. pl. Nom. bhikkhū Vin. II, 150; III, 175; D. III, 123; Vism. 152 (in sim.); VbhA. 305 (compared with amaccaputtā) & bhikkhavo Sn. 384, 573; Dh. 243, 283; Acc. bhikkhu Sn. p. 78; M. I, 84; Vv 2210; & bhikkhavo Sn. 384, 573; Gen. Dat. bhikkhūnaṃ Vin. III, 285; D. III, 264; Sn. 1015; Pv. II, 17; & bhikkhunaṃ S. I, 190; Th. 1, 1231; Instr. bhikkhūhi Vin. III, 175; Loc. bhikkhūsu A. IV, 25, & bhikkhusu Th. 1, 241, 1207; Dh. 73; Voc. bhikkhave (a Māgadhī form of Nom. bhikkhavaḥ) Vin. III, 175; Sn. p. 78; VvA. 127; PvA. 8, 39, 166; & bhikkhavo Sn. 280, 385.

There are several allegorical etymologies (definitions) of the word bhikkhu, which occur frequently in the commentaries. All are fanciful interpretations of the idea of what a bhikkhu is or should be, and these qualities were sought and found in the word itself. Thus we mention here the foll. (a) bhikkhu=bhinnakilesa (“one who has broken the stains" i.e. of bad character) VbhA. 328; VvA. 29, 114, 310; PvA. 51. ‹-› (b) Another more explicit expln is “sattannaṃ dhammānaṃ bhinnattā bhikkhu" (because of the breaking or destroying of 7 things, viz. the 7 bad qualities, leading to rebirth, consisting of sakkāyadiṭṭhi, vicikicchā, sīlabbata-parāmāsa, rāga, dosa, moha, māna). This def. at Nd1 70=Nd2 477a.—(c) Whereas in a & b the first syllable bhi(-kkhu) is referred to bhid, in this def. it is referred to bhī (to fear), with the further reference of (bh-) ikkh(u) to īkṣ (to see), and bhikkhu defined as “saṃsāre bhayaṃ ikkhati ti bh. " Vism. 3, 16 (saṃsāre bhayaṃ ikkhaṇatāya vā bhinna-paṭa-dharaditāya vā).—A very comprehensive def. of the term is found at Vbh. 245—246, where bhikkhu-ship is established on the ground of 18 qualities (beginning with samaññāya bhikkhu, paṭiññāya bh. , bhikkhatī ti bh. , bhikkhako ti bh. , bhikkhācariyaṃ ajjhupagato ti bh. , bhinna-paṭa-dharo ti bh. , bhindati pāpake dhamme ti bh. , bhinnattā pāpakānaṃ dhammānan ti bh. etc. etc.).—This passage is expld in detail at VbhA. 327, 328.—Two kinds of bhikkhus are distinguished at Ps. I, 176; Nd1 465=Nd2 477b, viz. kalyāṇa(—ka-)puthujjana (a layman of good character) and sekkha (one in training), for which latter the term paṭilīnacara (one who lives in elimination, i.e. in keeping away from the dangers of worldly life) is given at Nd1 130 (on Sn. 810).

—gatika a person who associates with the bhikkhus (in the Vihāra) Vin. I, 148. —bhāva state of being a monk, monkhood, bhikkhuship D. I, 176; Sn. p. 102; —saṅgha the community of bhikkhus, the Order of friars D. III, 208; Sn. 403, 1015; Sn. p. 101, 102; Miln. 209; PvA. 19 sq. & passim. (Page 504)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

1. Bhikkhu Sutta. A monk who knows decay and death, birth, becoming, grasping, craving, etc., their arising, their cessation and the way thereto such a monk stands knocking at the door of Deathlessness. S.ii.43.

2. Bhikkhu Sutta. Whatever monks have destroyed the asavas by personal knowledge and insight, have done so by cultivating and developing the four iddhipadas. It is the same for the past, present and future. S.v.257.

3. Bhikkhu Sutta. The Buddha explains to a group of monks psychic power and its cultivation. S.v.287.

4. Bhikkhu Sutta. The Buddha tells a group of monks about the seven bojjhangas and their cultivation. S.v.334f.

5. Bhikkhu or Suddhika Sutta. Four conditions, the possession of which makes of a disciple a sotapanna. S.v.403.

-- or --

1. Bhikkhu Sutta. Gains, favours and flattery are a danger even to an arahant unless the freedom of his will is unshakable. S.ii.238.

2. Bhikkhu Sutta. Once Moggallana and Lakkkhana saw a Bhikkhu, born as a peta, going through the air, his body, robes, etc., on fire. He had been a sinful monk in the time of Kassapa Buddha. S.ii.260.

3. Bhikkhu Sutta. A monk asks for a teaching in brief and the Buddha tells him that that for which a monk has bias, by that is he reckoned (i.e., he has to give up all bias). The monk dwells in solitude, reflecting on this, and becomes an arahant. S.iii.34f.

4. Bhikkhu Sutta. Ignorance consists in ignorance of the nature of the body, its arising, its cessation and the way thereto; wisdom is wisdom with regard to these things. The same with the other khandhas. S.iii.162f.

5. Bhikkhu Sutta. The Buddha agrees with a group of monks that if when questioned by other sectarians as to the object of their holiness, they answer that it is the full knowledge of dukkha, their answer is right; he proceeds to tell them what should be their answer if questioned as to what is dukkha. S.iv.50f.

6. Bhikkhu Sutta. The Buddha tells a monk about feelings, their arising and cause, their cessation and the way thereto, etc. S.iv.232.

7. Bhikkhu Sutta. A monk asks for a teaching in brief, and the Buddha tells him that he must have truly pure virtue and straight view. Standing on sure virtue, he should cultivate the four satipatthanas; thus will he reach his goal. The monk follows this teaching and becomes an arahant. S.v.142f.

8. Bhikku Sutta. It is by cultivating the four iddhi padas that a monk destroys the asavas. S.v.284.

9. Bhikkhu Sutta. See Bhaya Sutta (6).

10. Bhikkhu Sutta. The Buddha tells the monks at Gijjhakuta of seven things, the maintenance of which among the monks will conduce to their progress and save them from desire. A.iv.216.

11. Bhikkhu Sutta. See also Bhikkhu Sutta.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

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