Bhagga, Bhaggā: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Bhagga means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The name of a tribe and a country, the capital of which was Sumsumaragiri (q.v.).

The Buddha went there several times in the course of his wanderings (e.g., A.ii.61, A.iv.85, etc.; Vin.ii.127; iv. 115, 198) and three rules for the monks were laid down there (Vin.v.145).

Bodhirajakumara (q.v. 1), son of Udena of Kosambi, lived there, apparently as his fathers viceroy, in which case the Bhagga were subject to Kosambi. The C.H.I. (i.175) says that the Bhagga were members of the Vajjian confederacy.

The Bhagga country lay between Vesali and Savatthi.

It was while sojourning in the Bhagga country that Moggallana was attacked by Mara entering into his stomach (M.i.332), and it was there that he preached the Anumana Sutta (M.i.95). Sirimanda and the parents of Nakula were inhabitants of the Bhagga country, and Sigalapita (ThagA.i.70) went there in order to meditate; there he became an arahant.

In the Apadana (Ap.ii.359) the Bhagga are mentioned with the Karusa.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Bhagga (भग्ग) or Bharga was an ancient state dependent of Vatsa or Vaṃsa: one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—The kingdom of the Vaṃsas or Vatsas is mentioned in the Aṅguttara Nikāya as one of the sixteen great countries of India. The Bhagga (i.e. Bharga) state of Suṃsumāragiri was a dependency of the Vatsa kingdom (Jātaka No. 353). This is confirmed by the Mahābhārata and the Harivaṇśa which testify to the close association of these two realms.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhagga : (pp. of bhañjati) broken; destroyed.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Bhagga, 2 (nt.) (fr. bhaga; cp. Sk. & P. bhāgya) fortune, good luck, welfare, happiness Vism. 210 (akāsi °ṃ ti garū ti Bhāgyavā etc.). (Page 496)

2) Bhagga, 1 (pp. of bhañj, Sk. bhagna) broken, in phrases “sabbā te phāsukā bhaggā” J. I, 493, which is applied metaphorically at Dh. 154 (phāsukā=pāpakā?), explained DhA. III, 128 (artificially) by “avasesa-kilesa-phāsukā bhaggā”; further “bhaggā pāpakā dhammā” Vism. 211; bhaggā kilesā Miln. 44; and bhagga-rāga, °dosa etc. (in def. of Bhagavā) at Nd1 142=Nd2 466 B, quoted at Vism. 211. (Page 496)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Bhagga (भग्ग) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bhagna.

2) Bhagga (भग्ग) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Bhāgya.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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