Avika, Āvika: 14 definitions


Avika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Avika (अविक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “sheep”, the meat of which is used as a medicinal substance throughout Ayurvedic literature. It was documented by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Sheep (and goat) cannot be easily assigned to groups because of their mixed habitat.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Āvika (आविक) refers to “milk coming from the sheep”, as mentioned in verse 5.26-27 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] among the (different kinds of milk [viz., payas]), [...] unwholesome for the stomach, however, (and) warming is sheep’s milk [viz., āvika] (it is) eliminative of wind-diseases (and) productive of hiccup, dyspnea, choler, and phlegm”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Āvika (आविक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “milk of the ewe”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 5.8)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Āvika (आविक) refers to “shepherds”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The five constellations from Maghā form the third maṇḍala: if Venus should reappear in it, crops will suffer; there will also be suffering from hunger and robbers. Cāṇḍālas will prosper and there will be an intermingling of castes. If Venus, who so reappears in the said maṇḍala, should be crossed by a planet, shepherds [i.e., āvika], hunters, the Śūdras, the Puṇḍras the border Mlecchas, the Śūlikas, forestmen, the Draviḍas and persons who live close to the sea will be afflicted with miseries”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Avika (अविक) refers to a “sheep”, according to the Devyāmata (in the section śalyoddhāra-paṭala or “excavation of extraneous substances”).—Accordingly, “[...] If a dog steps over a cord, [the officiant] should prognosticate the bone of a dog [beneath] the [spot of the site]. If a mouse passes [over a cord], [the officiant] should prognosticate bones of goats and sheep (aja-avika-asthi) [beneath the site]. If rams or sheep (ajāvika) [step over a cord], there is the bone of a cow [beneath the site]. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avika (अविक).—[avireva avikaḥ, avi-ka aveḥ kaḥ P.V.4.28] A sheep.

-kā An ewe. सर्वाहमस्मि रोमशा गन्धारीणामिवाविका (sarvāhamasmi romaśā gandhārīṇāmivāvikā) Ṛgveda 1.125.7.

-kam A diamond.

Derivable forms: avikaḥ (अविकः).

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Āvika (आविक).—a. (- f.) [अविना तल्लोम्ना निर्मितं ठक् (avinā tallomnā nirmitaṃ ṭhak)]

1) Relating to a sheep; आविकं क्षीरम् (āvikaṃ kṣīram) Manusmṛti 5.8,2.41.

2) Woollen; वासो यथा पाण्ड्वाविकम् (vāso yathā pāṇḍvāvikam) Bṛ. Up.2.3.6.

-kam A woollen cloth, blanket; परमास्तरणास्तीर्णमाविकाजिनसंवृतम् (paramāstaraṇāstīrṇamāvikājinasaṃvṛtam) Rām.5. 1.6; Manusmṛti 5.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avika (अविक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A diamond. E. avi the sun, &c. kan aff.

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Āvika (आविक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Woollen, &c. or anything relating to or derived from a sheep. m.

(-kaḥ) A blanket, woollen cloth. E. avi a sheep, vuj aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āvika (आविक).—i. e. avi + ka, I. adj. 1. Coming from a sheep, e. g. kṣīra, ‘the milk of an ewe,’ [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 8. 2. Woollen, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 41. Ii. n. A woollen cloth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 120.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āvika (आविक).—[adjective] sheep’s, woolen; [neuter] sheep’s skin, woolen cloth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avika (अविक):—[from avi] m. a sheep, [Pāṇini 5-4, 28]

2) Avikā (अविका):—[from avika > avi] f. an ewe, [Ṛg-veda i, 126, 7; Atharva-veda xx, 129 17] (avikā), [Manu-smṛti; Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) Avika (अविक):—[from avi] n. a diamond, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Āvika (आविक):—mf(ī)n. ([from] avi), relating to or coming from sheep, [Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Suśruta]

5) woollen, [Manu-smṛti; Suśruta]

6) n. ([and m., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]]) a woollen cloth or blanket, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti etc.]

7) ([Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avika (अविक):—[a-vika] (kaṃ) 1. n. A diamond.

2) Āvika (आविक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A blanket. a. Woollen; relating to sheep.

[Sanskrit to German]

Avika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Āvika (ಆವಿಕ):—[adjective] of, from or related to sheep.

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Āvika (ಆವಿಕ):—

1) [noun] a large piece of cloth of soft wool, used for warmth as a bed cover or a covering for animals; a woollen blanket.

2) [noun] (myth.) one of the hells.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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