Avikala: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Avikala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Avikal.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Avikala (अविकल) refers to “one who is without physical defects”, representing a desirable characteristic of an astrologer (Jyotiṣa), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. He must be of noble birth and of agreeable appearance; meek, truthful and without jealousy; of proportional limbs; of joints well built and of good growth; have no physical defects [i.e., avikala]; be of fine hands, feet, nails, eyes, chin, teeth, ears, forehead, eye-brows and head; of fine physique and of high, sonorous voice”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Avikala (अविकल) refers to “(whole) fruit”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Glory to the great tree that is stopping the influx of karma whose opponent is conquered, which is rooted in all the rules of conduct for a mendicant, whose great trunk is restraint, whose full branches are tranquillity, which is covered with the blossom of virtue [and] is beautiful because of producing whole fruit (avikala-phala) through the reflections. [Thus ends the reflection on] stopping the influx of karma”.

Synonyms: Saṃpūrṇa.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avikala (अविकल).—a.

1) Unimpaired, not defective, entire, perfect, whole, all; तानिन्द्रियाण्यविकलानि (tānindriyāṇyavikalāni) Bhartṛhari 2.4; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 5.26; °लम् फलम् (lam phalam) Meghadūta 36; °शरच्चन्द्रमधुरः (śaraccandramadhuraḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 2.11 full, fullorbed; °इन्द्रियः (indriyaḥ) K.35,71; Mv.2.16,4.29; °लमरक्षत् (lamarakṣat) Mv.5.5 entirely, completely; यल्लोकेष्वविकलमाप्तमाधिपत्यम् (yallokeṣvavikalamāptamādhipatyam) Kirātārjunīya 18.36 entire, supreme.

2) Regular, orderly; consistent, not discordant; कलमविकलतालं गायकैर्बोधहेतोः (kalamavikalatālaṃ gāyakairbodhahetoḥ) Śiśupālavadha 11.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avikala (अविकल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Entire, perfect, unimpaired. 2. Regular, orderly, cousistent. E. a neg. and vikala defective.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avikala (अविकल).—adj. 1. unimpaired, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 126, M.M. 2. excellent, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 25; 35.

Avikala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and vikala (विकल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avikala (अविकल).—[adjective] not incomplete. full.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avikala (अविकल):—[=a-vikala] mfn. unimpaired, entire, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata xii, 11943, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] regular, orderly, [Śiśupāla-vadha xi, 10.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avikala (अविकल):—[a-vikala] (laḥ-lā-laṃ) a. Entire, perfect.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Avikala (अविकल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Avigala.

[Sanskrit to German]

Avikala in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avikala in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Avikala (अविकल) [Also spelled avikal]:—(a) intact; unabridged (as—[rupāṃtara]).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Avikala (ಅವಿಕಲ):—

1) [adjective] free from defect; not short of being complete or a whole; in impaired; whole; perfect.

2) [adjective] conforming to rule, principle, procedure, standard etc. regular; proper.

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Avikala (ಅವಿಕಲ):—[noun] he who is free from defects; the Supreme.

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Avikaḷa (ಅವಿಕಳ):—[adjective] = ಅವಿಕಲ - [avikala -]1.

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Avikaḷa (ಅವಿಕಳ):—[noun] = ಅವಿಕಲ - [avikala -]2.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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