Avira, Avīrā, Avīra: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Avira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Avīrā (अवीरा) is a Sanskrit word referring to a “woman is one who has no husband or son”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 4.213)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avīra (अवीर).—a.

1) Unmanly, effeminate, weak; अयन् मासा अयज्वनामवीराः (ayan māsā ayajvanāmavīrāḥ) Ṛgveda 7.61.4. cowardly.

2) Having no son (as a woman). मा त्वा वयं सहसावन्नवीरा (mā tvā vayaṃ sahasāvannavīrā) Ṛgveda 7.4.6.

3) helpless.

4) Destitute of heroes or men.

-rā A woman who has neither sons nor husband; अजातपुत्रा विधवा साऽवीरा परिकीर्तिता (ajātaputrā vidhavā sā'vīrā parikīrtitā); (opp. vīrā which is thus defined; patiputravatī nārī vīrā proktā manīṣibhiḥ) Ṛgveda 1.86.9.; वरं त्ववीरा हत- किल्बिषा गतिम् (varaṃ tvavīrā hata- kilbiṣā gatim) Bhāgavata 6.28.19. अनर्चितं वृथा मांसमवीरायाश्च योषितः (anarcitaṃ vṛthā māṃsamavīrāyāśca yoṣitaḥ) Manusmṛti 4.213; Y.1.163.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avīra (अवीर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Weak, impotent, helpless. f.

(-rā) A woman who has neither husband nor son. E. a neg. vīra strong.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avīra (अवीर).—and

Avīra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and vīra (वीर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avīra (अवीर).—1. [adjective] unmanly, childless ([abstract] [feminine]); weak, impotent; [feminine] ā having no husband.

--- OR ---

Avīra (अवीर).—2. [adjective] devoid of men; [neuter] an unpeopled country.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avīra (अवीर):—[=a-vīra] mfn. unmanly, weak, [Ṛg-veda vii, 61, 4 and x, 95, 3]

2) [v.s. ...] having no sons, [Ṛg-veda vii, 4, 6]

3) [v.s. ...] without heroes, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

4) Avīrā (अवीरा):—[=a-vīrā] [from a-vīra] f. (a woman) who has no husband, a widow, [Ṛg-veda x, 86, 9; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] one who has neither husband nor son, [Manu-smṛti iv, 213; Yājñavalkya i, 163]

6) Avīra (अवीर):—[=a-vīra] n. a country destitute of heroes or men, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avīra (अवीर):—[a-vīra] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Weak. () 1. f. Without husband and son.

[Sanskrit to German]

Avira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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