Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra

by Helen M. Johnson | 1931 | 742,503 words

This is the English translation of the Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Charita (literally “The lives of the sixty-three illustrious People”), a Sanskrit epic poem written by Hemachandra in the twelfth century. The work relates the history and legends of important figures in the Jain faith. These 63 persons include: the twenty four tirthankaras , the t...

Appendix 4.2: New and Rare Words

In making this list, the determining factor was whether the word is in Monier-Williams, Sanskrit-English Dictionary, ed. 1899. The references to L/ and grammarians are from that dictionary. However, if the word has been found in some other lexicon, the fact has been noted. Many words, or kindred ones, not found in earlier lexicons are quoted in Schmidt’s Ṇachtrāge (abb. PS) to the Petersburg Wörterbuch. The references to the text of the Triṣaṣṭi0 are illustrative, not exhaustive. The list is intended to include new words, words cited only from lexicographers and grammarians, additional meanings of words cited, and variants in form. Possibly some variants are only MS errors.

Starting with A

aṃśu, m. 7. 6. 18, sun.
aṃhas, n. 7. 5. 240, sin, L.
aṅka, m. 7. 7. 285, part of palace, roof (?). Occurs in prāsādāṅka.
anabhiniviṣṭa, adj. 6. 7. 186, free from obstinacy. Here there is a derogatory tinge to ‘perseverance.’ anunayana, n. 7. 7. 307, conciliation,
abhigraha, 7. 11. 75. See āsanābhigraha.
abhiyana, n. 7. 11. 74, approach, L.
abhyamitrīṇa, adj. 7. 9. 127, attacking. Only Pāṇ.
abhyamitrīyamānin, adj. 7. 7. 145, thinking one’s self a hero.
ambuvāha, m. 7. 2. 628, water-carrier, L.
arare, ind. 7. 2. 203, a vocative particle expressing contempt. MW ‘expressing haste.’
arṇavāvarta, m. 7. 8. 166, name of Dakṣmaṇa’ṣ, bow.
alakṣya, adj. 7. 5. 44, free from fraud, Apte.
avaroha, m. 7. 2. 131, descent, L.
avarṇavādin, adj. 6. 7. 181, censuring,
aśauca, adj. 6. 8. 28, impure, PH.
aśvakinī, f. 7. 11. 10 = nakṣatra Aśvinī, L.

Starting with Ā

ākṛti, f. 6. 2. 266, good form, good or noble appearance, Apte.
ātāpanā, f. 7. 4. 10, practice of enduring heat, cold, etc.; endurance of sun’s heat to slight extent, PH. ātmahita, n. 7. 5. 8, one’s own profit, L,.
ānāyika, m. 7. 2. 328, fisherman.
āyurgranthi, m. 6. 6. 62, 92, birthday. Cf. H barasagāṇṭh. See Balfour, I, 278. On the birthday a knot is tied in a cord kept for that purpose.
ārādhaka, m. 7. 5. 345, one who attains emancipation, PH.
ārādhara, m. 7. 1. 85, elephant-driver,
āli, m. 6. 1. 75, bee, L.
ālināda, m. buzzing of bees.
āloca, m. or n. 7. 7. 372 = ālocana. Cf. Guj. āloca. See App. I.
āsanābhigraha, m. 7. 11. 75, moving a seat to where the guru wishes to sit. See n. 211. DH, p. 240, takes āsana = āsanadāna and abhigraha, offering of service.

Starting with I

imikā, f. dimin. of ima. MW only Pāṇ. iṣvāsi,? 6. 2. 98, bow. MW iṣvāsa.

Starting with Ī

īṣā, f. 7. 3. 106 = Guj. isa, the sidepiece of a cot or bedstead.

Starting with U

ujjhitadharma, m. 7. 10. 198, receiving as alms something which should be thrown away and which nobody would care to take. PE.
utkīl, to unfasten. Only utkīlita quoted,
uttarāyaṇa, n. 6. 7. 208, winter solstice. Both MW and Apte say ‘summer solstice.’ See SD, p. 9 and Penzer, VIII, 19.
uttānaśaya, m. 7. 1. 152, a little child, L.
utpaśya, adj. looking up or upwards, L.
utpāṭin, adj. 7. 6. 212, lifting up.
udvāhya, n. 7. 7. 49 = vāhya, vehicle.
upayācitaka, n. 6. 6. 71, prayer, request, L.

Starting with K

kadvada, m. 7. 7. 105, vile person,
kāmanā, f. 7. 5. 456, wish, desire, L.
kāraṇa, n. 6. 2. 302, killing, injury, L.
kāryakṛt. adj. 7. 9. 134, effective,
kiṣkindhi, m. 7. 1. 78, N. of king in Vānaradvīpa.
kīrtana, n. 7. 6. 306, praise, panegyric,
kunthu, m. 6. 1.50, N. of a heap of jewels,
kusumamudgara, m. 6. 6. 60, bouquet,
kūṭatāna, m. 6. 2. 182, ‘permutation of a given number’ of svaras.’ Clements, p. 59. See n. 20.
kṛṣṇekṣu, m. a sort of sugar-cane, L. Presumably the ‘purple’ sugar-cane of Roxburgh,
kaukucaya, n. 7. 2. 512, evil conduct.
kautuka, n. 7. 4. 200, sport, pastime, L.
kroḍa, m. 7. 4. 455, lap, L.
kṣatravrata, n. 7. 2. 159, heroism.
kṣamaṇā, f. 6. 6. 75, pardon, forgiveness.
kṣamāśramaṇa, m. 7. 4. 58, an ascetic of a calm and quiet nature, PE. But apparently used in general sense: sādhu, ṛṣi, muni, PH.
kṣāmaṇā, f. 7. 3. 109, bestowing forgiveness.
kṣullaka, m. 6. 8. 26, junior ascetic, PH.
kṣaireyī, f. 7. 11. 49, a dish prepared with milk, L

Starting with KH

khalakhalā, onomatopoeic, 7. 9. 214, of the sound of running water.

Starting with G

gaṇādhipa, m. 7. 7. 283, owner.
garuḍastha, m. 7. 7. 214 = Vāsudeva.
gīrada, m. 7. 6. 319, voice.
gulugulā, onomatopoeic, 7. 9. 213, of the sound of water.

Starting with C

caṅkrama, 7. 9. 40 = caṅkramaṇa, leap, jump, Apte. See I, n. 114.
camūnṛpa, m. 7. 9. 5, general.

Starting with J

jātneya, m. 7. 5. 417, a sister’s son, L.
jihvāla, m, or n 6. 7. 150, tongue. It must be a noun here and probably should be so taken in 4. 5. 178 instead of = jihvala.
jīvagrāham, ind. 7. 6. 124, to save one’s life.
jñeya, n. 6. 7. 118, sign.

Starting with T

tāna, m. 6. 2. 182, melodic figure. See 11. 20.
trivedī, f. 7. 2. 370, the three Vedas, L.

Starting with D

dilidili, onomatopoeic, 7. 9. 214, of the sound of water.
dugdhāsya, m. 7. 7. 29 = °mukha, a very young person.
durlakṣa, adj. 6. 1.6, hard to ascertain, PH.
devasadman, n. 6. 6. 219, heaven.
dyūtakaritra, n. (?) 7. 6. 294, dice-board.
dyūtavarāṭikā, f. 7. 6. 294, cowrie (?). Cf. dyūtabīja, cowrie.

Starting with DH

dharmadvāra, n. 7. 5. 36, permission to leave with a certain amount of property. See n. 153.
dharmaputra, m. 6. 2. 151, not ‘a son begot from a sense of duty’ (MW), but ‘a son adopted from the best motives,’ in contrast with aurasa. Cf. Guj.

Starting with N

naṭaraṅga, m. 7. 8. 210, stage, arena, Apte.
nāṅgarā, f. 7. 2. 237, 4. 156, anchor.
nikāra, m. 6. 7. 230, contempt.
nirākṛti, m. 7. 9. 70, repudiation, L.
nirmālya, n. 7. 2. 324, flowers used and cast off, Apte.
niśātyaya, m. 7. 4. 185, daybreak, L.
naiṣṭhika, adj. 7. 10. 5, firmly attached to, PH.

Starting with P

paṭapaṭā, onomatopoeic, 7. 9. 213, of the sound of water.
paṭṭa, m. 7. 8. 29, seat, throne, PH.
padra, n. 7. 1. 38, road in village, L.
paramārhata, m. 7. 6. 258, an advanced layman.
pareta, m. 6. 7. 16, ghost, spirit, L,.
parpaṭa, m. 7. 2. 207, a kind of thin cake made of rice or pease-meal and baked in grease, L,. Guj. pāpaḍa. See II, n. 380.
paśyatohara, adj. 6. 2. 88, stealing before a person’s eyes. Only Pāṇ.
pāvanañjayi, n. 7. 6. 224, Hanumat.
piṅgala, m. 7. 3. 135, ichneumon, Abhi. 4. 368.
piṇḍibhū, 6. 7. 210, to be made into a lump.
pidhānikā, f. 6. 6. 147, a cover, lid, L.
piśācakin, m. 6. 7. 69, looking like a piśāca.
puṣpamaṇḍapikā, f. 6. 6. 59, the flowers strung over the pratimā in the inner shrine.
puṣpamudgara, m. 6. 6. 59, 62, bouquet.
pṛśatka, m. 7. 2. 154, arrow, L.
peṭā, f. 7. 2. 470, basket, L.
praticar, 6. 4. 57, to treat medically, PH.
prahva, adj. 7. 7. 51, intent upon, L.
prāsādāṅka, m. 7. 7. 285, palace-roof (?).

Starting with PH

phalinī, f. 6. 2. 53, a species of plant (= agniśikha or priyaṅgu), L.; = priyaṅgu, śyāmā, Abhi. 4. 215; priyaṅgu creeper, Apte.

Starting with B

bakoṭa, m. 6. 8. 147, a kind of crane, L.
banda, n. 7. 5. 118 = bandī, booty, spoil. See III, n. 260.
bandhu, m. 7. 7. 304, brother, L.
ballava, m. 7. 4. 91, cook, L.
bahirātman, m. 6. 1. 20, body.
bahummanya, adj. 7. 6. 395, having a high opinion of one’s self. Cf. paṇḍitammanya.
bahūkṛ, 7. 2. 439, make important, give preference to. brahman, m. 7. 3. 208, a particular astronomical Yoga, L.

Starting with BH

bhadrakatva, n. 6. 7. 205, a tendency toward right-belief.
bhuśuṇḍī, f. 7. 7. 59, a round club of wood studded with nails. Com. to Abhi. 3. 451. See n. 8. bhūcārin, m. 7. 6. 392, earth-dweller.

Starting with M

maṅkana, m. 7. 4. 268, N. of a country.
maṅkṣu, ind. 6. 7. 29, exceedingly, L.
madhyembhodi, ind. 7. 7. 118, in the ocean. Cf. madhye-nadi.
manovikāra, m. 6. 7. 34, a change or emotion of the mind, L.
mahārhata, m. 7. 9. 10, a strong Jaina, advanced layman.
māṃsapeśitva, n. 6. 6. 190, state of a māṃsapeśī = n. of fetus from the 8th till the 14th day, I,.
mārya, adj. 7. 7. 215, deserving to be killed.
māsajāta, adj. 7. 4. 114, a month old. Only Sch, on Pāṇ.
muṣaṇḍhī, f. 6. 1. 119. See bhuśuṇḍī.

Starting with Y

yāminījani, m. 7. 9. 107, moon.
yāmeya, m. 7. 9. 101, a sister’s son, L.
yāyajūka, m. 7. 2. 492, a performer of repeated sacrifices, L.

Starting with R

raṅgaśālā, f. 6. 7. 113, playhouse, theater, dancing-hall, L.
raṇatūrya, n. 7. 6. 239, war-drum, L.
rājyabhṛt, adj. 7. 4. 116, ruling.
riṣṭa, m. 7. 1. 115 = ariṣṭa, crow, L,. Abhi. 4. 387.

Starting with L

lālikā, f. 7. 4. 368, the tongue of a bell. Cf. Guj. lālī.
lepya,.n. 7. 1. 34, something made of plaster.

Starting with V

vajrāvarta, m. 7. 9. 134, N. of Rāma’s bow.
vaṛāṭikā, f. 7. 6. 294. See dyūtavarāṭikā.
vardhaki, m. 6. 2. 116 = Tvaṣṭṛ.
vāgmin, m. 7. 3. 19—Bṛhaspati, L,.
vāha, n. 7. 7. 49, camel, Śabdacintāmaṇi. Seems best here.
vidhāyitā, f. 7. 9. 22, order (?).
viplu, caus. 7. 10. 57, to abuse, revile.
vibhāvarī, f. 7. 7. 240, dawn (?).
virādhita, N. 7. 10. 179 = Virādha.
vilāsa, m. 7: 11. 66 = vilasana, flash of lightning.
vīkṣaka, m. 7. 4. 10, spectator, vṛttaka, n. 6. 2. 324, an autobiographical story.
velā, f. 6. 5. 15, order, command. Cf. āttavela in 2. 3. 302.

Starting with Ś

śayāna, m. 7. 2. 23, lizard, chameleon, L.
śayu, m. 7. 2. 23, boa snake, L.
śīghravedin, adj. 7. 4. 286, shooting quickly, L.
śuka, N. 7. 4. 268, name of a country.
śramasthāna, n. 7. 4. 199, drilling-place, L.
śrīśaila, Ṇ. 7. 6. 377, Hanumat.
śvetabhikṣu, m. 6. 7. 212, Śvetāmbara sādhu.
śvetamarīci, m. 7. 4. 7, moon.
śvetavāsas, m. 6. 8. 174, Śvetāmbara sādhu.

Starting with S

saṃvṛtti, f. 7. 8. 280, mutual agreement, L.
sajjikṛ, 6. 4. 47, to cure, restore.
satyāpanā, f. 7. 9. 208, truth-declaration.
siddhaputra, m. 6. 4. 21; °ka, 7. 9. 39, a man in the state between a Jain sādhu and a layman, PH.
saumitra, N. 7. 4. 349, Lakṣmaṇa, L.
sauṣṭhava, n. 7. 2. 597, confidence, L.
sauṣṭhavin, adj. 7. 5. 48, confident.
snasā, f. 7. 2. 267, tendon, muscle, L.
svarṇādri, n. 7. 2. 549, Meru, L.

Starting with H

hala, n. 7. 6. 137, quarrel, L. (?). See App. I.

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