Avarta, Āvarta: 16 definitions
Avarta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Avart.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) Āvarta (आवर्त).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. It is also known by the name Āvṛtta. The instructions for this āvarta-karaṇa is as follows, “the Kuñcita feet put forward and the two hands moved swiftly to befit the dance.”.
2) Āvarta (आवर्त) also refers to a one of the twenty maṇḍalas, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 12. The Āvarta-maṇḍala is classified as a bhūmi, or “earthly”, of which there are ten in total. A maṇḍala is a combination of cārīs (“dance-steps”), which refers refers to the simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru). From these cārīs proceed dance as well as movements in general.
Instructions for performing āvarta:
1) The right foot [to be moved] in the janitā-cārī and the left foot in the talasañcara (nikuṭtana) cārī,
2) The right foot in the śakaṭāsyā and the ūrūdvṛttā-cārī,
3) The right foot the atikrāntā (apasarpī) cārī turning backwards and the cāṣagati-cārī,
4) The right foot in the syanditā-cārī and the left foot in the śakaṭāsyā-cārī,
5) The right foot in the bhramarī-cārī (with the trika turned round), and the left foot in the apakrāntā (apasarpī) cārī.
3) Āvarta (आवर्त) refers to one of the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. It is also known as Āvartaka. These alaṃkāras, or, ‘embellishments of song’, depend upon the four types of varṇas, which refers to a specific order of musical notes (svara). They are attached to the songs of seven forms, although not generally used in the dhruvās.
According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “āvarta is eight kalās of four consecutive notes ascending and descending. It is also formed with two alternative notes. In that case four kalās will have ascending and descending notes”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas
Āvarta (आवर्त) refers to the “first consecration of the new temple” as described in the Śaivāgamas.—The Saṃprokṣaṇavidhi of Kāmikāgama describes several types of consecration—Āvarta is the first consecration of the new temple, establishing a first mūlabālālaya and transferring the energy to the mūlasthāna and establishing the deity there. Anāvarta is the consecration performed as prāyaścitta for ritual pollution, falling down of images, discontinuity in the nityapūjā, cracks in the basements, shaking of the liṅga or pīṭha and so on.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Āvarta (आवर्त) refers to one of the four “terrible clouds (toyada) causing dissolution (pralaya)” that arose after Brahmā spilled four drops of semen unto the ground, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.19. Accordingly as Śiva said to Brahmā:—“[...] the semen drops that fell in the middle of the altar-ground from you when you were excited by lust and seen by me will not be retained by any one. Four drops of your semen (caturbindu) fell on the ground. Hence so many terrible clouds (toyada) causing dissolution (pralaya) shall rise up in the sky (vyoman). In the meantime, (when Śiva said so) in front of the Devas and the sages, so many clouds emanated from the semen drops. O dear one, four types of great clouds that caused destruction are the Saṃvartaka, the Āvarta, the Puṣkara and the Droṇa. O excellent sage, those clouds rumbling and roaring with hideous sounds dropping showers at the slightest wish of Śiva burst asunder in the sky”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
Āvarta (आवर्त) refers to one of the eight cloud king (meghendra) of the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. Āvarta is associated with the charnel grounds (śmaśāna) named Vibhīṣaṇa; with the tree (vṛkṣa) named Cūta; with the direction-guardians (dikpāla) named Yama and with the serpent king (nāgendra) named Padma.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Āvarta (आवर्त) is the name of a northern province situated in East-Videha in Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly:—“[...] Between them (i.e., the Vidyutprabha and Saumanasa Mountains) are the bhogabhumis, the Devakurus. [...] Between them (i.e., the Gandhamādana and Mālyavat Mountains) are the very charming Uttarakurus [...] East of the Devakurus and Uttarakurus, they are called East Videhas, and to the west, West Videhas, like different countries to each other. In each, there are 16 provinces, inaccessible to each other, separated by rivers and mountains, suitable to be conquered by a Cakrin. [viz., Āvarta, etc.] are the northern provinces of East Videha. [...]”.Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
Āvarta (आवर्त) is the name of a village visited by Mahāvīra during his fifth year of spiritual-exertion.—After Haleduga, the Lord moved ahead and reached Āvarta via Nāṅgalā. There he became meditative at the temple of Baladeva. After moving ahead, they reached ‘Kalambukā’, where the rulers of the mountainous region were two brothers, Megha and Kālahastī.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Āvarta.—cf. sarv-āvarta-yutā, ‘assigned as the date of pay- ment as it falls annually’ (Ep. Ind., Vol. XIV, p. 310, note 1). Note: āvarta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
āvarta (आवर्त).—m A whirlpool. Revolving. A rising of hair (as on a horse). a Re- curring.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Āvarta (आवर्त).—1 Turning round, winding, revolving; प्रदक्षिणावर्तशिखः (pradakṣiṇāvartaśikhaḥ) Rām.6.73.23.
2) A whirlpool, an eddy, whirl; नृपं तमावर्तमनोज्ञनाभिः (nṛpaṃ tamāvartamanojñanābhiḥ) R.6.52; दर्शितावर्तनाभेः (darśitāvartanābheḥ) Me.28; Dk.2; आवर्तः संशयानाम् (āvartaḥ saṃśayānām) Pt.1.191.
3) Deliberation, revolving (in the mind), anxiety.
4) A lock of hair curling backwards, especially on a horse (considered lucky); आवर्ता यस्य जायन्ते धन्यः स तुरगोत्तमः (āvartā yasya jāyante dhanyaḥ sa turagottamaḥ) (śālihotra of bhoja).
5) The two depressions of the forehead above the eye-brows.
6) A crowded place (where many men live closely together).
7) A kind of jewel.
8) Name of a form of cloud personified; आवर्तो निर्जलो मेघः (āvarto nirjalo meghaḥ).
9) Melting (of metals).
1) Doubt; भ्रमं संमोहमावर्तम- भ्यासाद्विनिवर्तयेत् (bhramaṃ saṃmohamāvartama- bhyāsādvinivartayet) Mb.12.274.7.
11) Worldly existence (saṃsāra).
-rtam A mineral substance, pyrites (mākṣikadhātu).
Derivable forms: āvartaḥ (आवर्तः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Āvarta (आवर्त).—m., name of a sea and of a mountain: Divyāvadāna 102.28; 103.23—104.20. Note: as common noun, āvarta seems to me to have only meanings which it has in Sanskrit, as turn, turning, turning-place (dhāraṇyāvartāṃ…dhā- raṇīṃ Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 475.8 etc.); eddy, whirlpool (Mahāvyutpatti 7037); etc.; in Lalitavistara 126.7, several times, probably of turns (curves, or the like) of alphabetic signs; see utkṣepa-lipi.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Āvarta (आवर्त).—i. e. ā-vṛt + a, m. 1. Turning, a turn. 2. A whirlpool, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 392. 3. A curl, [Nala] 19, 14.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Āvarta (आवर्त).—[masculine] turning, winding; whirl, vortex (lit. & [figuratively]); tuft of hair on the top of the head or between the eyebrows.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Āvarta (आवर्त):—[=ā-varta] a etc. See ā-√vṛt.
2) [=ā-varta] [from ā-vṛt] b m. turning, winding, turning round, revolving, [Rāmāyaṇa; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Suśruta]
3) [v.s. ...] whirl, gulf, whirlpool, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Meghadūta; Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] deliberation, revolving (in the mind), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] a lock of hair that curls backwards (especially on a horse considered lucky), a curl, [Rāmāyaṇa; Śiśupāla-vadha] etc.
6) [v.s. ...] the two depressions of the forehead above the eyebrows, [Suśruta]
7) [v.s. ...] a crowded place where many men live close together
8) [v.s. ...] a kind of jewel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] Name of a form of cloud personified
10) Āvartā (आवर्ता):—[=ā-vartā] [from ā-varta > ā-vṛt] f. Name of a river, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) Āvarta (आवर्त):—[=ā-varta] [from ā-vṛt] n. a mineral substance, pyrites, marcasite, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
1) m. a) Wendung, Windung, = āvartana [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 245.] [Medinīkoṣa t. 91.] pradakṣiṇāvartaśikhaḥ (pāvakaḥ) [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 19, 44.] dakṣiṇāvartaśaṅkha [Sāhityadarpana 64, 12.] śaṅkhanābhyākṛtiryonistryāvartā sā prakīrtitā [Suśruta 1, 343, 11.] (gude balayastisraḥ) śaṅkhāvartanibhāḥ [258, 13.] āmrāvarta (s. d.) verdickter Mangosaft, wohl deshalb so genannt, weil er in gewundener Form erscheint. — b) Wirbel, Strudel (auch in übertr. Bed.) [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 3, 6.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1076.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 244.] [Medinīkoṣa] apām [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 12, 9, 2, 4.] nāvyāyā dakṣiṇāvarte [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 18.] [ŚVETĀŚV. Upakośā 1, 5.] [Mahābhārata 3, 9955. 15, 422. 16, 141.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 46, 28. 50, 12. 59, 29. 3, 31, 45. 4, 44, 73. 5, 50, 16.] [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 52.] [Meghadūta 29.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 26, 10. 11.] imaṃ mānavamāvartaṃ nāvartante [Chāndogyopaniṣad 4, 15, 6.] āvartaḥ saṃśayānām [Bhartṛhari 1, 76] [?(= Pañcatantra I, 204).] mamatāvarta [Devīmāhātmya 1, 40.] vom Kreislauf der Gedanken, = cintana [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 148.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 245.] [Medinīkoṣa t. 91.] — c) Wirbel des Haupthaars: dvāvāvartau mūrdhanyau [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 124.] daśāvarta [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 32, 12.] zwischen den Augenbrauen: ūrṇā -āvarte cāntarā bhruvoḥ [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 52.] beim Pferde: hṛdvaktrāvartī śrīvatsakī hayaḥ [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1236.] śuddhāndaśabhirāvartaiḥ sindhujānvātaraṃhasaḥ [Nalopākhyāna] [?(BOPP) 19, 14.] — d) du. die beiden Verliefungen im Stirnbein über den Augenbrauen [Suśruta 1, 351, 2.] — e) ein Ort, an dem eine Menge Menschen dicht zusammengedrängt wohnen; auf diese Weise ist das Wort wohl in āryāvarta und brahmāvarta aufzufassen; vgl. auch [Prabodhacandrodaja 88, 2] : pāñcālamālavābhīrārvatasāgarānukūleṣu und oben u. h. mānavamāvartam . — f) eine Art Edelstein (s. rājāvarta) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] Vgl. āvartanamaṇi . — g) N. einer bestimmten und personificirten Wolkenform: meghanāyakacatuṣṭayāntargatameghādhipaviśeṣaḥ . iti purāṇaṃ jyotiṣaṃ ca . [Śabdakalpadruma] Vgl. āvartaka . —
2) f. rtā Nomen proprium eines Flusses [Harivaṃśa 7995. 8052] (āvartāyāḥ — gaṅgāyāḥ). —
3) n. ein bes. Mineral (mākṣikadhātu) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. āgamāvartā, udāvarta, śambūkāvarta .
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1) m. nom. act. das Drehen: manthānāvarta (so die neuere Ausg.) [Harivaṃśa 4424.] — a) [Kathāsaritsāgara 61, 279.] — b) nadīmākulāvartām [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 110, 2.] — c) Haarwirbel überh.: āvartāvapi yasyai syātāṃ pradakṣiṇau grīvāyām [Śāṅkhāyana’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 1, 5, 9.] lekhāsaṃdhiṣu pakṣmasvāvarteṣu ca yāni te [Weber’s Indische Studien 5, 370.] — h) N. eines best. Kometen [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 11, 50.] — Vgl. āryāvarta, dakṣiṇāvarta, durāvarta, dhruvāvarta, nandyāvarta, brahmāvarta, rājāvarta, vāmāvarta, ṣoḍaśāvarta, sūryāvarta, hṛdāvarta .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) m. (adj. Comp. f. ā) — a) Drehung. — b) Wendung , Windung. — c) Wirbel , Strudel. — d) Haarwirbel. — e) Du. die beiden Vertiefungen im Stirnbein über den Augenbrauen. — f) Tummelplatz. — g) ein best. Komet. — h) Bez. best. mythischer Wolken. — i) *ein best. Edelstein. — k) *Brunnenrad [Galano's Wörterbuch] — l) *das Hinundhergehen der Gedanken , Sorgen. —
2) f. ā Nomen proprium eines Flusses. —
3) n. *Schwefelkies [Rājan 13,85.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Āvarta (आवर्त) [Also spelled avart]:—(nm) a whirlpool; densely populated place; recurrent; ~[na] rotation; revolution; recurrence; ~[nī] a rotator.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with (+97): Abhiparyavarta, Abhiramavarta, Abhyavarta, Acakravarta, Alavarta, Amravarta, Anantavarta, Anavarta, Andhakavarta, Apavarta, Apratyudavarta, Apunavarta, Arthakalyavarta, Aryavarta, Bhahkaravarta, Bhaskaravarta, Bhavarta, Bhishajavarta, Bhramavarta, Brahmavarta.
Full-text (+62): Hridavarta, Nandyavarta, Dakshinavarta, Nabhikantaka, Brahmavarta, Cakravarta, Gudavarta, Punaravarta, Amravarta, Nabhyavarta, Shodashavarta, Udavarta, Duravarta, Pradakshinavarta, Padavarta, Suryavarta, Rajavarta, Shrivatsamuktikanandyavartalakshitapanipadatalata, Paryavarta, Avartaka.
Search found 16 books and stories containing Avarta, Āvarta, A-varta, Ā-varta, Āvartā, Ā-vartā; (plurals include: Avartas, Āvartas, vartas, Āvartās, vartās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sushruta Samhita, volume 3: Sharirasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 9: The story of the weaver < [Chapter X - The recovery of draupadī]
Part 2: Previous incarnations of Kunthu < [Chapter I - Śrī Kunthusvāmicaritra]
Part 11: Journey to Kuṇḍina < [Chapter III - Vasudeva’s Marriage with Kanakavatī and her Former Incarnations]
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter XXV - Sports of death < [Book I - Vairagya khanda (vairagya khanda)]
Chapter L - Death of viduratha < [Book III - Utpatti khanda (utpatti khanda)]
Chapter LXXXVI - The convertibility of the world to the supreme spirit < [Book VII - Nirvana prakarana part 2 (nirvana prakarana)]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 134 - Greatness of Puṣkarāvartakā (Puṣkara-āvartakā) < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 231 - The Number of Tīrthas Enumerated < [Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 119 - Greatness of Balātibaladaityaghnī (Bala-Atibala-daitya-ghnī) < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)