Avarta, aka: Āvarta; 4 Definition(s)


Avarta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Āvarta (आवर्त).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. It is also known by the name Āvṛtta. The instructions for this āvarta-karaṇa is as follows, “the Kuñcita feet put forward and the two hands moved swiftly to befit the dance.”.

A karaṇa represents a minor dance movements and combines sthāna (standing position), cārī (foot and leg movement) and nṛttahasta (hands in dancing position).

2) Āvarta (आवर्त) also refers to a one of the twenty maṇḍalas, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 12. The Āvarta-maṇḍala is classified as a bhūmi, or “earthly”, of which there are ten in total. A maṇḍala is a combination of cārīs (“dance-steps”), which refers refers to the simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru). From these cārīs proceed dance as well as movements in general.

Instructions for performing āvarta:

1) The right foot [to be moved] in the janitā-cārī and the left foot in the talasañcara (nikuṭtana) cārī,
2) The right foot in the śakaṭāsyā and the ūrūdvṛttā-cārī,
3) The right foot the atikrāntā (apasarpī) cārī turning backwards and the cāṣagati-cārī,
4) The right foot in the syanditā-cārī and the left foot in the śakaṭāsyā-cārī,
5) The right foot in the bhramarī-cārī (with the trika turned round), and the left foot in the apakrāntā (apasarpī) cārī.

3) Āvarta (आवर्त) refers to one of the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. It is also known as Āvartaka. These alaṃkāras, or, ‘embellishments of song’, depend upon the four types of varṇas, which refers to a specific order of musical notes (svara). They are attached to the songs of seven forms, although not generally used in the dhruvās.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “āvarta is eight kalās of four consecutive notes ascending and descending. It is also formed with two alternative notes. In that case four kalās will have ascending and descending notes”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Āvarta (आवर्त) is the name of a village visited by Mahāvīra during his fifth year of spiritual-exertion.—After Haleduga, the Lord moved ahead and reached Āvarta via Nāṅgalā. There he became meditative at the temple of Baladeva. After moving ahead, they reached ‘Kalambukā’, where the rulers of the mountainous region were two brothers, Megha and Kālahastī.

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

āvarta (आवर्त).—m A whirlpool. Revolving. A rising of hair (as on a horse). a Re- curring.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āvarta (आवर्त).—1 Turning round, winding, revolving; प्रदक्षिणावर्तशिखः (pradakṣiṇāvartaśikhaḥ) Rām.6.73.23.

2) A whirlpool, an eddy, whirl; नृपं तमावर्तमनोज्ञनाभिः (nṛpaṃ tamāvartamanojñanābhiḥ) R.6.52; दर्शितावर्तनाभेः (darśitāvartanābheḥ) Me.28; Dk.2; आवर्तः संशयानाम् (āvartaḥ saṃśayānām) Pt.1.191.

3) Deliberation, revolving (in the mind), anxiety.

4) A lock of hair curling backwards, especially on a horse (considered lucky); आवर्ता यस्य जायन्ते धन्यः स तुरगोत्तमः (āvartā yasya jāyante dhanyaḥ sa turagottamaḥ) (śālihotra of bhoja).

5) The two depressions of the forehead above the eye-brows.

6) A crowded place (where many men live closely together).

7) A kind of jewel.

8) Name of a form of cloud personified; आवर्तो निर्जलो मेघः (āvarto nirjalo meghaḥ).

9) Melting (of metals).

1) Doubt; भ्रमं संमोहमावर्तम- भ्यासाद्विनिवर्तयेत् (bhramaṃ saṃmohamāvartama- bhyāsādvinivartayet) Mb.12.274.7.

11) Worldly existence (saṃsāra).

-rtam A mineral substance, pyrites (mākṣikadhātu).

Derivable forms: āvartaḥ (आवर्तः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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