Ashaiksha, Aśaikṣa: 7 definitions


Ashaiksha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aśaikṣa can be transliterated into English as Asaiksa or Ashaiksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Ashaiksha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Aśaikṣa (अशैक्ष) refers to “one who is not an aspirant” [?], according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 3).—Accordingly, “[...] Similarly, it is said at length in the Tsi fa king (Dharmasaṃgrahasūtra?): When the Buddha entered into nirvāṇa, the earth trembled six times, the rivers reversed their courses, a violent wind blew up in a tempest, black clouds arose on the horizon in the four directions. [...] There was great panic. Ponds and rivers became soiled with mud. The stars appeared in full daylight. People began to wail, the gods lamented, the goddesses choked with their tears. The Śaikṣas suffered in silence; the Aśaikṣas told one another that all conditioned dharmas (saṃskṛtadharma) are transitory (anitya). Thus the Gods, Mānuṣas, Yakṣas, Rākṣasas, Gandharvas, Kiṃnaras, Mahoragas and Nāgas all felt great sadness”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Aśaikṣa (अशैक्ष) refers to the “path beyond training”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “What then, son of good family, is the recollection of the dharma (dharmānusmṛti), which is authorized by the Lord for the sake of the Bodhisattvas? [...] The Bodhisattva, knowing that all dharmas are not originated because of their intrinsic nature, attains the tolerance that all things are unborn. This state of being is the true dharma. [...] He who understands thus understands all dharmas, since it is the way in which the people on the path of training or on the path beyond training (śaikṣa-aśaikṣa), the isolated Buddhas (Pratyekabuddha), the Bodhisattvas, and the perfectly awakened one understand all dharmas. Such concentration is the liberation of all the holy, and in that there is no involvement with any dharma. The absence of involvement with any dharma is the recollection of the dharma, which is authorized by the Lord”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashaiksha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśaikṣa (अशैक्ष).—An Arhat (no longer or pupil).

Derivable forms: aśaikṣaḥ (अशैक्षः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aśaikṣa (अशैक्ष).—m. (= Pali asekha, asekkha; neg. of śaikṣa, q.v.), one who no longer needs religious training, being in the 8th stage (see Childers s.v. sekho); = arhant: °ṣaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 1734; °ṣa-mārgaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 1320, the third parivarta of the dharmacakra, in which ‘misery is known, its origin abandoned, its suppression attained, the way leading to its suppression realized’ (1321—24). Often in [compound] śaik- ṣāśaikṣa, or bracketed with śaikṣa as separate word; see śaikṣa; its place may be taken by arhant, e.g. Mahāvastu i.158.7; Divyāvadāna 399.24. Written aśaiṣya in Lalitavistara 250.18, see s.v. śaiṣya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśaikṣa (अशैक्ष):—[=a-śaikṣa] m. ‘no longer a pupil’, an Arhat, [Buddhist literature]

[Sanskrit to German]

Ashaiksha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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