Anathapindada, Anāthapiṇḍada, Anatha-pindada: 4 definitions



Anathapindada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Anathapindada in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Anāthapiṇḍada (अनाथपिण्डद) is the name of a Vaiśya whose story is mentioned in the Dakṣiṇīyasūtra, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 36.—Accordingly, “in the Dakṣiṇīyasūtra, the Buddha said to the Vaiśya Ki-kou-tou (Anāthapiṇḍada): ‘In the world there are two fields of merit (puṇyakṣetra), the śaikṣas and the aśaikṣas’. According to this same sūtra, ‘the śaikṣas are eighteen in number and the aśaikṣas are nine in number’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Anathapindada in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anāthapiṇḍada (अनाथपिण्डद).—'giver of food to the poor', Name of a merchant in whose garden Buddha Gautama used to instruct his pupils.

Derivable forms: anāthapiṇḍadaḥ (अनाथपिण्डदः).

Anāthapiṇḍada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms anātha and piṇḍada (पिण्डद). See also (synonyms): anāthapiṇḍika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Anāthapiṇḍada (अनाथपिण्डद).—(once °piṇḍika, q.v., as in Pali), name of a rich layman (gṛhapati), owner of the grove (ārāma) in Jetavana at Śrāvastī where Buddha often stayed: Lalitavistara 1.5; Mahāvastu i.4.13 (5 of 6 mss. read here °piṇḍasya); iii.224.11 (here Senart °piṇḍasya with 1 ms., v.l. °piṇḍādasya); Mahāvyutpatti 4111; Divyāvadāna 1.2; 35.11; 77.27; 80.12; 168.5; 172.27; 429.8; 466.23, etc.; Avadāna-śataka i.13.5 etc., common; title af Avadāna-śataka chapter 39 (i.223.1), see also Avadāna-śataka i.313.6 ff.; Kāraṇḍavvūha 1.5; Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 21.13 etc.; 71.19; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.135.22 (his life, as Sudatta, more fully than in Pali).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anāthapiṇḍada (अनाथपिण्डद):—[=a-nātha-piṇḍa-da] [from a-nātha] m. ‘giver of cakes or food to the poor’, Name of a merchant (in whose garden Śākyamuni used to instruct his disciples).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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