Shaiksha, Śaikṣa: 11 definitions


Shaiksha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaikṣa can be transliterated into English as Saiksa or Shaiksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Śaikṣa (शैक्ष) refers to an “aspirant”according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “what is an aspirant (śaikṣa) and what is a person who has experienced the truth (saṃkhyāta-dharma)? That which arises… that which arises must also perish. He who practices the teaching of the arising and the destruction of the conditioned (saṃskṛta) is called Śaikṣa. But the one who has found the teaching of the non-production of things (anutpāda-dharma) by means of wisdom is called Saṃkhyātadharma”.

2) Śaikṣa (शैक्ष) refers to “(the path of) practice”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXXII-XXXIV).—Accordingly, “The mind of loving-kindness (maitrīcitta) of which we have just spoken is that which has beings as object (sattvālambana). It is found mainly among worldly people (pṛthagjana) practicing the trances or in adepts on the path of practice (śaikṣa) who have not yet destroyed the impurities (akṣīṇasrava)”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Śaikṣa (शैक्ष) refers to the “path of training”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “What then, son of good family, is the recollection of the dharma (dharmānusmṛti), which is authorized by the Lord for the sake of the Bodhisattvas? [...] The Bodhisattva, knowing that all dharmas are not originated because of their intrinsic nature, attains the tolerance that all things are unborn. This state of being is the true dharma. [...] He who understands thus understands all dharmas, since it is the way in which the people on the path of training or on the path beyond training (śaikṣa-aśaikṣa), the isolated Buddhas (Pratyekabuddha), the Bodhisattvas, and the perfectly awakened one understand all dharmas. Such concentration is the liberation of all the holy, and in that there is no involvement with any dharma. The absence of involvement with any dharma is the recollection of the dharma, which is authorized by the Lord”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas

Śaikṣa (शैक्ष).—One of the ten types of ‘nursing services’ (vaiyāvrata)? Who is a ‘disciple’ (śaikṣa)? A person who is a willing learner and practiser of the Jain canonical texts is called disciple.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaikṣa (शैक्ष).—[śikṣāṃ vettyadhīte vā aṇ]

1) A student who studies Śikṣā or the science of pronunciation, one who has just entered upon the study of the Vedas.

2) (Hence) A novice, tyro. -a. Well familiar with the studies or sciences; expert; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 6.97.28 (com. śaikṣaṃ śastrādiśikṣā- saṃpannam).

Derivable forms: śaikṣaḥ (शैक्षः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śaikṣa (शैक्ष).—(1) m. (= Pali sek(k)ha; see Childers s.v.; compare śaiṣya and aśaikṣa), one who is undergoing training; a disciple (in one of the first seven stages of religious discipline; the 8th is the aśaikṣa or arhant; list Dharmasaṃgraha 102); in mss. sometimes (erroneously?) written śaiṣya (by confusion with śiṣya), q.v.: Mahāvyutpatti 1733; 5238 (read with Mironov śaikṣābhinikūjitam); Ānanda was a śaikṣa, Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 2.8; śaikṣa-bhūmi, stage of a ś°, Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 70.13; Mahāvastu i.106.15 (mss. śaikṣā°); others Mahāvastu i.142.5; 158.7; 267.20; 292.7; iii.53.8; 200.15; Divyāvadāna 399.24; dvandva [compound] śaikṣāśaikṣa, śaikṣas and aśaikṣas, Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 2.9; 71.1; 215.9; in Lalitavistara 327.4 (verse) read (m.c.) śaikṣa-aśaikṣa- (as [compound]; mss. śaikṣa- śaikṣa- or śaiṣyāśaiṣya-; Lefm. em. śaikṣya-aśaikṣya-!); Lalitavistara 427.11; Mahāvastu i.120.1; Divyāvadāna 261.5 (most mss. śaikṣa-ś°); 337.26; Avadāna-śataka i.335.1; śaikṣa-aśaikṣa-(as [compound], m.c.) Bhadracarī 9; śaikṣāśaikṣa-tā state of ś. and aś. Daśabhūmikasūtra 70.1; fem. śaik- ṣāśaikṣībhir bhikṣuṇībhiḥ Avadāna-śataka i.269.7; separate words, śaikṣā aśaikṣa Lalitavistara 46.5 (verse); (2) adj. (= Pali sekhiya), with dharma, (rule) of good behavior, orig. doubtless for learners, but applied to all monks; they are minor rules of etiquette, 75 in number in Pali, 113 in [Prātimokṣasūtra des Sarvāstivādins]: °kṣa- dharmāḥ Mahāvyutpatti 8362; °kṣā dharmāḥ [Prātimokṣasūtra des Sarvāstivādins] 527.6. Cf. also naivaśaikṣanāśaikṣa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaikṣa (शैक्ष).—m.

(-kṣaḥ) A young Brahman in his noviciate, one who has begun to read the Vedas. E. śikṣā the pronunciation of the language of the Vedas, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaikṣa (शैक्ष).—[masculine] beginning student, beginner.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaikṣa (शैक्ष):—mf(ī)n. ([from] śikṣā) in accordance with right teaching or with rule, correct, [Mahābhārata]

2) m. a young Brāhman pupil studying with his preceptor, one who has recently begun to repeat the Veda, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaikṣa (शैक्ष):—(kṣaḥ) 1. m. A young brāhman in his noviciate.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shaiksha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śaikṣa (ಶೈಕ್ಷ):—

1) [noun] a student who has recently begun to repeat the veda.

2) [noun] a student in gen.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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