Aryadeva, aka: Āryadeva; 4 Definition(s)
Aryadeva means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Āryadeva (आर्यदेव), Nāgārjuna and Rāhulabhadra represent the first lineage of Madhyamika scholars. Their biographies are legendary and their dates uncertain. Not content with giving us contradictory information on them, the sources confuse them with the siddhas of the same name who were present at Nalandā several centuries later.
The Indians, Chinese and Tibetans agree in making Āryadeva the pupil of Nāgārjuna. At the beginning of his commentary on the Catuḥśataka, Candrakīrti (c. 600–650 C.E.) tells us: “Āryadeva was born in the island of Siṃhala (Ceylon) and was the son of the king of the land. After having been crown prince, he renounced the world, went to Dakṣiṇa (Dekkan), became a disciple of Nāgārjuna and followed his teachings”.
(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
(Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Āryadeva or Karnaripa is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recognized in Vajrayāna (tantric buddhism). His title is “the one-eyed”. He lived somewhere between the 8th and the 12th century AD.
These mahāsiddhas (eg., Āryadeva) are defined according to the Abhayadatta Sri (possibly Abhayākaragupta) tradition. Its textual origin traces to the 11th century caturāsiti-siddha-pravṛtti, or “the lives of the eighty-four siddhas”, of which only Tibetan translations remains. Āryadeva (and other Mahāsiddhas) are the ancient propounders of the textual tradition of tantric or Vajrayana Buddhism.(Source): Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayana
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Buddhism)
1) Aryadeva or Bodhisattva Deva or Kanadeva (1070-990 BCE).—Aryadeva was the son of a Simhalese (Sri Lankan) king Panchashringa. He learnt Tripitaka from Hemadeva in Simhala. He went to Sriparvata (Nagarjunakonda) in Andhra and met Nagarjuna II. Aryadeva authored many Madhyamika texts. He wrote Chatussataka-Shastra-nama-Karika. He went to Nalanda and impressed upon Matricheta to accept Buddhism. Buddhist monk Tathagatabhadra or Nagahvaya was his contemporary.
2) Aryadeva II (910-830 BCE) It appears that the second Aryadeva existed during the time of Sthiramati and Dingnaga. Most probably, he was the contemporary of Sthiramati and Dingnaga.(Source): academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism
India history and geogprahy
Aryadeva (11th century BCE).—Though Buddhism was introduced in Tibet during the time of Samantabhadra (16th century BCE) but Acharya Vetalakshema [Garab Dorje] (1321-1221 BCE) was the first teacher of Tibetan Buddhism. It appears that early Tibetan Buddhists followed Indian Buddhist scholars like Aryadeva.(Source): academia.edu: The Chronological History of Tibetan Buddhism
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Search found 6 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Nāgārjuna (नागार्जुन), Āryadeva and Rāhulabhadra represent the first lineage of Madhyamika scho...
Rāhulabhadra (राहुलभद्र), Āryadeva and Nāgārjuna represent the first lineage of Madhyamika scho...
Candrakirti (880-800 BCE) or Chandrakirti, a South Indian, was a Buddhist scholar of Nalanda. H...
Catuḥśataka (चतुःशतक) or “the four hundreds” by Āryadeva: As its name indicates, this work cons...
According to Taranatha, Matricheta (Matriceta) is only another name of Ashvaghosa. Interestingl...
Karnaripa or Āryadeva is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recognized...
Search found 10 books and stories containing Aryadeva or Āryadeva. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 8 - The Catuḥśataka (the four hundreds) by Āryadeva < [Chapter XXXVI - The eight recollections (anusmṛti or anussati)]
Appendix 9 - The first Madhyamika authors (Nāgārjuna, Āryadeva, Rāhulabhadra) < [Chapter XXXVI - The eight recollections (anusmṛti or anussati)]
II. Metonymical meaning of kuśalamūla (‘roots of good’) < [Part 1 - Honoring all the Buddhas]
Bodhisattvacharyavatara (by Andreas Kretschmar)
Text Section 183 < [Khenpo Chöga’s Oral Explanations]
Text Section 40 < [Khenpo Chöga’s Oral Explanations]
Text Section 221 / Stanza 8 < [Khenpo Chöga’s Oral Explanations]
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 19 - The Dialectic of Nāgārjuna and the Vedānta Dialectic < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 15 - Mahā-vidyā and the Development of Logical Formalism < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 4 - Teachers and Pupils in Vedānta < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)
The Great Chariot (by Longchenpa)
Part 2c.7 - How the noble ones are perfected by full attainment < [B. The gradation of powers of those who meditate into high, middle, and low]
Part 10b.6) The six perfections: Prajña that realizes the natural state < [B. the extensive explanation of arousing bodhicitta]