Aryadeva, Āryadeva: 7 definitions

Introduction

Aryadeva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Āryadeva (आर्यदेव), Nāgārjuna and Rāhulabhadra represent the first lineage of Madhyamika scholars. Their biographies are legendary and their dates uncertain. Not content with giving us contradictory information on them, the sources confuse them with the siddhas of the same name who were present at Nalandā several centuries later.

The Indians, Chinese and Tibetans agree in making Āryadeva the pupil of Nāgārjuna. At the beginning of his commentary on the Catuḥśataka, Candrakīrti (c. 600–650 C.E.) tells us: “Āryadeva was born in the island of Siṃhala (Ceylon) and was the son of the king of the land. After having been crown prince, he renounced the world, went to Dakṣiṇa (Dekkan), became a disciple of Nāgārjuna and followed his teachings”.

 

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayana

Āryadeva or Karnaripa is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recognized in Vajrayāna (tantric buddhism). His title is “the one-eyed”. He lived somewhere between the 8th and the 12th century AD.

These mahāsiddhas (eg., Āryadeva) are defined according to the Abhayadatta Sri (possibly Abhayākaragupta) tradition. Its textual origin traces to the 11th century caturāsiti-siddha-pravṛtti, or “the lives of the eighty-four siddhas”, of which only Tibetan translations remains. Āryadeva (and other Mahāsiddhas) are the ancient propounders of the textual tradition of tantric or Vajrayana Buddhism.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism

1) Aryadeva or Bodhisattva Deva or Kanadeva (1070-990 BCE).—Aryadeva was the son of a Simhalese (Sri Lankan) king Panchashringa. He learnt Tripitaka from Hemadeva in Simhala. He went to Sriparvata (Nagarjunakonda) in Andhra and met Nagarjuna II. Aryadeva authored many Madhyamika texts. He wrote Chatussataka-Shastra-nama-Karika. He went to Nalanda and impressed upon Matricheta to accept Buddhism. Buddhist monk Tathagatabhadra or Nagahvaya was his contemporary.

2) Aryadeva II (910-830 BCE) It appears that the second Aryadeva existed during the time of Sthiramati and Dingnaga. Most probably, he was the contemporary of Sthiramati and Dingnaga.

India history and geogprahy

Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Tibetan Buddhism

Aryadeva (11th century BCE).—Though Buddhism was introduced in Tibet during the time of Samantabhadra (16th century BCE) but Acharya Vetalakshema [Garab Dorje] (1321-1221 BCE) was the first teacher of Tibetan Buddhism. It appears that early Tibetan Buddhists followed Indian Buddhist scholars like Aryadeva.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Āryadeva (आर्यदेव).—name of a teacher: Mahāvyutpatti 3476.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Āryadeva (आर्यदेव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āryadeva (आर्यदेव):—[=ārya-deva] [from ārya] m. Name of a pupil of Nāgārjuna.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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