Aryadeva, aka: Āryadeva; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Aryadeva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Aryadeva in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Āryadeva (आर्यदेव), Nāgārjuna and Rāhulabhadra represent the first lineage of Madhyamika scholars. Their biographies are legendary and their dates uncertain. Not content with giving us contradictory information on them, the sources confuse them with the siddhas of the same name who were present at Nalandā several centuries later.

The Indians, Chinese and Tibetans agree in making Āryadeva the pupil of Nāgārjuna. At the beginning of his commentary on the Catuḥśataka, Candrakīrti (c. 600–650 C.E.) tells us: “Āryadeva was born in the island of Siṃhala (Ceylon) and was the son of the king of the land. After having been crown prince, he renounced the world, went to Dakṣiṇa (Dekkan), became a disciple of Nāgārjuna and followed his teachings”.

 

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of aryadeva in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Āryadeva or Karnaripa is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recognized in Vajrayāna (tantric buddhism). His title is “the one-eyed”. He lived somewhere between the 8th and the 12th century AD.

These mahāsiddhas (eg., Āryadeva) are defined according to the Abhayadatta Sri (possibly Abhayākaragupta) tradition. Its textual origin traces to the 11th century caturāsiti-siddha-pravṛtti, or “the lives of the eighty-four siddhas”, of which only Tibetan translations remains. Āryadeva (and other Mahāsiddhas) are the ancient propounders of the textual tradition of tantric or Vajrayana Buddhism.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayana
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Aryadeva in Buddhism glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

1) Aryadeva or Bodhisattva Deva or Kanadeva (1070-990 BCE).—Aryadeva was the son of a Simhalese (Sri Lankan) king Panchashringa. He learnt Tripitaka from Hemadeva in Simhala. He went to Sriparvata (Nagarjunakonda) in Andhra and met Nagarjuna II. Aryadeva authored many Madhyamika texts. He wrote Chatussataka-Shastra-nama-Karika. He went to Nalanda and impressed upon Matricheta to accept Buddhism. Buddhist monk Tathagatabhadra or Nagahvaya was his contemporary.

2) Aryadeva II (910-830 BCE) It appears that the second Aryadeva existed during the time of Sthiramati and Dingnaga. Most probably, he was the contemporary of Sthiramati and Dingnaga.

Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism

India history and geogprahy

Aryadeva (11th century BCE).—Though Buddhism was introduced in Tibet during the time of Samantabhadra (16th century BCE) but Acharya Vetalakshema [Garab Dorje] (1321-1221 BCE) was the first teacher of Tibetan Buddhism. It appears that early Tibetan Buddhists followed Indian Buddhist scholars like Aryadeva.

Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Tibetan Buddhism
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 6 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Nagarjuna
Nāgārjuna (नागार्जुन), Āryadeva and Rāhulabhadra represent the first lineage of Madhyamika scho...
Rahulabhadra
Rāhulabhadra (राहुलभद्र), Āryadeva and Nāgārjuna represent the first lineage of Madhyamika scho...
Candrakirti
Candrakirti (880-800 BCE) or Chandrakirti, a South Indian, was a Buddhist scholar of Nalanda. H...
Matriceta
According to Taranatha, Matricheta (Matriceta) is only another name of Ashvaghosa. Interestingl...
Karnaripa
Karnaripa or Āryadeva is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recognized...
Catuhshataka
Catuḥśataka (चतुःशतक) or “the four hundreds” by Āryadeva: As its name indicates, this work cons...

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