Arna, Aṛṇa, Arina, Arṇa, Ārīṇa: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Arna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aṛṇa can be transliterated into English as Arna or Arina, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Arṇa (अर्ण) refers to one of the eight kinds of daṇḍaka according to Kavikarṇapūra (C. 16th century) in his Vṛttamālā 61. Kavikarṇapūra was an exponent on Sanskrit metrics belongs to Kāmarūpa (modern Assam). Accordingly, “When there are eight ra-s after two na-s, it is called as Arṇa”.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Arīṇa (अरीण) refers to “full”, “complete” or “perfect” and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 6.65.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṛṇa (अऋण) [or णी, ṇī].—a (anṛṇa S) Free from debt. Pr. aṛṇī apravāsī tōca sukhī.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arṇa (अर्ण).—a. [ṛ-na]

1) Being in motion, agitated; restless

2) Foaming, effervescing.

-rṇaḥ 1 A flood, stream; water (Ved.).

2) The teak tree; Bhāg.3.15. 19.

3) A letter (of the alphabet); पञ्चार्णो मनुरीरितः (pañcārṇo manurīritaḥ).

4) Name of a metre having 1 feet and belonging to the class called Daṇḍaka.

5) Colour; श्रीह्रीविभूत्यात्मवदद्भुतार्णम् (śrīhrīvibhūtyātmavadadbhutārṇam) Bhāg.2.6.44. (v. l.)

-rṇā A river (Ved.).

-rṇam Tumult or din of battle, confused noise; नृमणा वीर- पस्त्योऽर्णा धीरेव सनिता (nṛmaṇā vīra- pastyo'rṇā dhīreva sanitā) Rv.5.5.4.

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Ārīṇa (आरीण).—a. Completely dried; आरीणं लवणजलं समिद्ध-फलबाण-विद्ध-घोर-फणि-वरम् (ārīṇaṃ lavaṇajalaṃ samiddha-phalabāṇa-viddha-ghora-phaṇi-varam) Bk.13.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arṇa (अर्ण).—m.

(-rṇaḥ) 1. The teak tree. 2. A letter.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arṇa (अर्ण).—[masculine] [neuter] wave, flood, stream; [masculine] letter, syllable.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arīṇa (अरीण):—[=a-rīṇa] mfn. not wanting, full of [Naiṣadha-carita]

2) Arṇa (अर्ण):—mn. a wave, flood stream, [Ṛg-veda; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) (figuratively applied to the) tumult of battle, [Ṛg-veda v, 50, 4]

4) m. a letter, syllable, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad] Name of a metre (comprising ten feet, and belonging to the class called Daṇḍaka)

5) the teak tree (See arjunāpama above), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Name of a man (See arna citraratha below)

7) Arṇā (अर्णा):—[from arṇa] f. a river, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Arṇa (अर्ण):—m. [plural] Name of a people, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arṇa (अर्ण):—(ṇaḥ) 1. m. Idem.; a letter.

2) Ārīṇa (आरीण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ)] 1. p. Gone.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Arna in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a wild buffallo..—arna (अरना) is alternatively transliterated as Aranā.

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