Arghya, aka: Ārghya; 7 Definition(s)
Arghya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Arghya (अर्घ्य) refers to “water offering” and represents one of the sixteen upacāra, or “sixteen types of homage and services”, as described while explaining the mode of worshipping the phallic form (liṅga) of Śiva in the Śivapurāṇa 1.11. Accordingly, “[...] the devotee shall worship the mobile emblem with the sixteen types of homage and services (upacāra) as prescribed. It accords the region of Śiva gradually. The sixteen types of service are [for example, water offering (arghya)] [...] Or he shall perform all the sixteen rites in the phallic emblem of human, saintly or godly origin, or in one naturally risen up (svayambhū) or in one of very extraordinary nature installed duly”.
According to Śivapurāṇa 1.13, “[...] at the end of the Japa of Gāyatrī-mantra arghya shall be offered thrice to the sun towards east and once also thereafter. The offering of arghya in the morning is by lifting both the hands high up; that in the midday by letting off the water through the fingers and that in the evening by letting the water over the ground facing the west”.
Arghya refers to the “offering water for the respectful reception”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.20 while explaining the mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image (pārthiva-liṅga) according to the Vedic rites:—“[...] the water used for washing the feet (pādya) shall be offered with the mantra. ‘Namostu Nīlagrīvāya’ (obeisance to the blue-necked). The water for the respectful reception (arghya) shall be offered with the Rudragāyatrī mantra and the sipping water (ācamana) with the Tryambaka mantra”.Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Arghya (अर्घ्य) refers to “water for ritual ablution offered at head” and represents one of the various upacāras (offerings), in pūjā (ritual worship), as defined in the Śaivāgamas.—Pūjā consists of offering hospitality, in the form of water to wash the feet, to drink, water for ablutions, offering a bath, new clothes, fragrant unguents, fragrant flowers and ornaments, food and so on. Each step in the pūjā process is called “saṃskāra” and each offering is called “upacāra” [viz., Arghya].
Arghya represents a certain a ceremony to be performed during pūjā (ritualistic worship), according to the Arcanāvidhipaṭala of Kāmikāgama.—[After Aṅganyāsa and Amṛtīkaraṇa], the Ācārya then offers (with corresponding mantra) pādya, water to wash the feet of the Lord; ācamanīya, water to drink; arghya, water to wash oneself; and durvā grass, flowers and akṣata.Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Arghya (अर्घ्य) refers to “water for the hands”, representing one of the various services (upacāra) of a pūjā (ritualistic worship of a deity) which aim at the purification of the devotee.—Water into which several ingredients (like sandalwood paste, akṣata etc.) have been mixed is offered to the deity (arghya) for honorific purposes. This water is usually to be accepted in the hollow of the cupped hands and after thus signifying its acceptance is poured out. This is followed by sipping of water.Source: ACHC: Smarta Puja
Languages of India and abroad
arghya (अर्घ्य).—n (S) An oblation, to gods or venerable men, of rice, Durwa grass, and flowers with water, or of water only, in the palm of the hand or in a small vessel. 2 Venerable, worshipful, deserving worship. a0 ghēṇēṃ or ghēūna ubhā or taiyāra rāhaṇēṃ or asaṇēṃ To be on the alert to destroy or injure. a0 dēṇēṃ To destroy or injure; to effect the ruin of.
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arghyā (अर्घ्या).—f (S) The vessel in which is offered.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
arghya (अर्घ्य).—n An oblation of water. a Venera- ble, worshipful. arghya ghēūna ubhā or tayāra asaṇēṃ To be on the alert to destroy or injure. arghya dēṇēṃ To effect the ruin of.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Arghya (अर्घ्य).—a. [argha-yat arghamarhati]
1) Valuable; अनर्घ्य (anarghya) invaluable; अनर्घ्यमपि माणिक्यम् (anarghyamapi māṇikyam) see s. v.
2) Venerable, deserving respectful offering; तानर्घ्यानर्घ्यमादाय दूरात्प्रत्युद्ययौ गिरिः (tānarghyānarghyamādāya dūrātpratyudyayau giriḥ) Ku.6.5; Śi.1.14; Y.1.11.
-rghyam 1 A respectful offering or oblation to a god or venerable person (see argha); अर्घः पूजाविधिः तदर्थं द्रव्यम् अर्घ्यम् (arghaḥ pūjāvidhiḥ tadarthaṃ dravyam arghyam) Sk.; अर्घ्यमस्मै (arghyamasmai) V.5.; ददतु तरवः पुष्पैरर्घ्यं फलैश्च मधुश्चुतः (dadatu taravaḥ puṣpairarghyaṃ phalaiśca madhuścutaḥ) U.3.24; अर्घ्यंमर्घ्यमिति वादिनं नृपम् (arghyaṃmarghyamiti vādinaṃ nṛpam) R.11.69;1.44; Ku.1.58,6. 5; (it often consists only of water given in a droṇa and forms part of the Madhuparka ceremony).
2) A kind of honey.
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Ārghya (आर्घ्य).—a. Relating to this bee.
-rghyam Wild honey.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-rghyaḥ-rghyā-rghyaṃ) Venerable, deserving worship. n.
(-rghyaṃ) A respectful oblation to gods or venerable men, of rice, durva grass, flowers, &c. with water only and of water in a small boat-shaped vessel. n.
(-rghyaṃ) Wild honey. e. argha, and ya or yat aff.
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(-rghyaṃ) Wild honey. E. ārghā and yat aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Abhiṣeka (अभिषेक) refers to the “ceremonial bathing of an icon”, representing one of the variou...
Pādya (पाद्य) refers to “water for washing the feet”, representing one of the various services ...
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Search found 37 books and stories containing Arghya, Arghyā, Ārghya; (plurals include: Arghyas, Arghyās, Ārghyas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sankhayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
The Mahabharata - Second Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section XXXV < [Rajasuyika Parva]
Section XXXVI < [Rajasuyika Parva]
Section XXXVIII < [Rajasuyika Parva]
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section XCVIII < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
Section XLIV < [Indralokagamana Parva]
Section LXXXI < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 19 - On the midday Sandhyā < [Book 11]
Gobhila-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Lalitopakhyana (Lalita Mahatmya) (by G.V. Tagare)