Arh: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Arh means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arh (अर्ह्).—1 P. [अर्हति, अर्हितुम्, अर्हित (arhati, arhitum, arhita)] (epic A. as rāvaṇo nārhate pūjām Rām.)

1) To deserve, merit, be worthy of (with acc. or inf.); किमिव नायुष्मानमरेश्वरान्नार्हति (kimiva nāyuṣmānamareśvarānnārhati) Ś.7; so दण्डम्, प्रायश्चित्तम्, वधम् (daṇḍam, prāyaścittam, vadham) &c.

2) To have a right to, be entitled to, be allowed to do anything (with acc.); ननु गर्भः पित्र्यं रिक्थमर्हति (nanu garbhaḥ pitryaṃ rikthamarhati) Ś.6; न स्त्री स्वातन्त्र्यमर्हति (na strī svātantryamarhati) Ms.9.3; also with inf. न स तल्लब्धुमर्हति (na sa tallabdhumarhati) Ms.8.147;11.7,18.

3) To be obliged or required to do a thing, oft. implying duty or obligation; नान्यत्स्त्री दातुमर्हति (nānyatstrī dātumarhati) Y.2.49; इमां प्रसादयितुमर्हसि (imāṃ prasādayitumarhasi) R.1.88.

4) To be fit or deserve to be done; अर्थना मयि भवद्भिः कर्तुमर्हति (arthanā mayi bhavadbhiḥ kartumarhati) N.5.112; Dk.137.

5) To be equal to, be worth, न ते गात्राण्युपचारमर्हन्ति (na te gātrāṇyupacāramarhanti) Ś.3. 17 are not equal to; सर्वे ते जपयज्ञस्य कलां नार्हन्ति षोडशीम् (sarve te japayajñasya kalāṃ nārhanti ṣoḍaśīm) Ms.2.86;3.131.

6) To be able, translatable by, 'can'; न मे वचनमन्यथा भवितुमर्हति (na me vacanamanyathā bhavitumarhati) Ś.4; विनाशमव्ययस्यास्य न कश्चित्कर्तुमर्हति (vināśamavyayasyāsya na kaścitkartumarhati) Bg.2.17; अनुद्योगेन तैलानि तिलेभ्यो नाप्तुमर्हति (anudyogena tailāni tilebhyo nāptumarhati) H. Pr.3 cannot get.

7) To worship, honour; see caus. below.

8) (Used with inf. in the second pers. and sometimes in the third) अर्ह् (arh) represents a mild form of command, advice or courteous request, and may be translated by 'pray', 'deign', 'be pleased to', will be pleased to'; द्वित्राण्यहान्यर्हसि सोढुमर्हन् (dvitrāṇyahānyarhasi soḍhumarhan) R.5.25 pray wait &c. नार्हसि मे प्रणयं विहन्तुम् (nārhasi me praṇayaṃ vihantum) 2.58; तं सन्तः श्रोतुमर्हन्ति (taṃ santaḥ śrotumarhanti) 1. 1 will be pleased or be good enough to listen to it; Ku.6.32; Ms.1.2; Bg.1.16,2.17; R.1.72; 1.88;3.46. -Caus. or 1 P. To honour, worship. राजार्जिहत्तं मधुपर्कपाणिः (rājārjihattaṃ madhuparkapāṇiḥ) Bk.1.17; Ms.3.3.119.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arh (अर्ह्).—[arha] r. 1st cl. (arhati) 1. To worship or honour. 2. To be fit or worthy: in the first sense it is also. r. 10th cl. (arhayati.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arh (अर्ह्).— (h for gh, cf. argh), i, 1, [Parasmaipada.] (in epic poetry also [Ātmanepada.], [Hiḍimbavadha] 1, 36). 1. To deserve, with the acc., [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 208 (mānam, honour); [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 323 (vadham, death); 8, 194 (daṇḍam, a fine); 8, 267 (śatam...daṇḍam, a fine of hundred paṇas); 8, 139 (pañcakaṃ śatam, with ellipsis of daṇḍa, he must pay five in the hundred). 2. To be entitled to, with the inf., [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 147. 3. To be obliged to, with the acc., [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 66; with the inf., [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 155; Naiṣ. 5, 112 (kartum arhati, must be done). 4. To undergo, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 145; [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 103, 20. 5. To be worthy, to be equal to, with the acc., [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 131. 6. To be able, with the inf., [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 2, 17. 7. i. 1, and i. 10, [Parasmaipada.] To worship or to honour. 8. The second persons of i. 1, joined with an inf. represent a respectful form of the imperative, vaktum arhasi, Say (literally, Be pleased to say, cf. the [Latin] dignor, with the inf.), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 3.

— With the prep. abhi abhi, abhyarhita. Fit, suitable.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arh (अर्ह्).—arhati (arhate) deserve, merit, have a right or be worthy to ([accusative] or [infinitive]), be liable to, capable of ([accusative]); dare, be obliged or able to ([infinitive]). [Causative] arhayati honour or present with ([instrumental]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arh (अर्ह्):—[class] 1. [Parasmaipada] arhati, rarely [Ātmanepada] arhate ([Mahābhārata iii, 1580; Rāmāyaṇa]), (p. arkat [see below]; [Vedic or Veda] [Infinitive mood] arhase [Ṛg-veda x 77, 1]; perf. 3. [plural] ānarhuḥ, [Pāṇini 6-1, 39 [Scholiast or Commentator]], but [Vedic or Veda] ānṛhuḥ cf. ānṛcuḥ, √arc [Pāṇini 6-1, 36])

—to deserve, merit, be worthy of, to have a claim to, be entitled to ([accusative]), to be allowed to do anything ([Infinitive mood]);

—to be obliged or required to do anything ([accusative]);

—to be worth, counterbalance, to be able;—(arhasi, 2. sg. with an [Infinitive mood] is often used as a softened form of Imper.; e.g. dātum arhasi, ‘be pleased to give’; śrotum arhasi, ‘deign to listen’, for śṛṇu) :—[Causal] (Opt. arhayet, [Manu-smṛti iii, 3 and 119]; [Aorist], ārjihat, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya])

—to honour. [Desiderative] arjihiṣati (cf. [Greek] ἄρχω).

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Arh (अर्ह्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aggha, Ariha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arh in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of arh in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Arh in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) qualified; competent..—arh (अर्ह) is alternatively transliterated as Arha.

context information

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