by Hermann Oldenberg | 1886 | 37,785 words

The Grihya-sutra ascribed to Shankhayana, which has been edited and translated into German in the XVth volume of the "Indische Studien", is based on the first of the four Vedas, the Rig-veda in the Bashkala recension, and among the Brahmana texts, on the Kaushitaka. Alternative titles: Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra (शाङ्खायन-गृह्य-सूत्र), Shank...

Adhyāya I, Khaṇḍa 10

1[1]. Forms the standard for all sacrifices that procure happiness,

2. And for all Ājya offerings,

3[2]. For the sacrifice of animals which are tied to a branch,

4[3]. And for the offerings of boiled (rice) grains and of cooked food.

5[4]. These are performed, all the offerings of cooked food, without PRAYĀJA and ANUYĀJA oblations, without (the invocation of) the IḶĀ, without NIGADA recitation, and without SĀMIDHENĪ verses.

6. There are also the following Ślokas:

7[5]. '(An oblation is called) HUTA, (if made) by the performing of the Agnihotra; AHUTA (i.e. unsacrificed, if) by the Bali offering; PRAHUTA (i.e. sacrificed up, if) by a sacrifice to the Manes; PRĀŚITA (i.e. tasted, if) deposited as an offering in a Brāhmaṇa.

8[6]. 'Without raising his knees, with spread knees let him always offer his oblation; for the gods never accept an offering (that has been made holding the hand) not between (the knees).

9[7]. 'But when he has repeated a text sacred to Rudra, to the Rakṣas, to the Manes, to the Asuras, or that contains an imprecation, let him touch water, and so also when he has touched his own body.'

Footnotes and references:


10, 1. 'As in the Śrauta ritual the sacrifice of the full and new moon forms the standard for the iṣṭis, the paśubandha, &c., thus the pratiśrut-kalpa is the standard for the vikṛtis of the Smārta ritual, such as the jātakarman (chap. 24), &c.' Nārāyaṇa.


'It is the standard of the sacrifices prescribed in the rules, "The animal (offered) to the teacher is sacred to Agni; to an officiating priest, to Bṛhaspati, &c."' Nārāyaṇa. This refers to the sacrifice of animals which forms part of the Arghya ceremony; see II, 15, 4 seq.


Carūṇāṃ pākayajñānāṃ ca. Nārāyaṇa.


On the five Prayājas and the three Anuyājas (introductory oblations and oblations following on the principal offerings) prescribed in the Śrauta ritual, comp. Hillebrandt's Neu- und Vollmondsopfer, pp. 94 seq., 134 seq. On the Ilā, see ibid., 122 seq.; on nigada, Weber's Ind. Studien, IX, 217, &c.; on the Sāmidhenī verses, Hillebrandt, loc. cit., pp. 74 seq. On this Sūtra compare also the passage in Kātyāyana's Śrauta-sūtra, VI, 10, 22 seq.


Comp. chap. 5, 1.


Comp. the Gṛhya-saṃgraha-pariśiṣṭa I, 46, and the note, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenl. Gesellschaft, XXXV, 556. Nārāyaṇa: dakṣiṇaṃ bāhuṃ jānvor antare kṛtvety arthaḥ, sarvadā sarvasminn api karmaṇi havir homadravyaṃ juhuyāt.


This verse is found also in the Karmapradīpa III, 8, 4.

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