Aniyata: 22 definitions


Aniyata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aniyat.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Aniyata (अनियत).—Not subject to any limitation cf. प्रत्यया नियताः, अर्था अनियताः, अर्था नियताः, प्रत्यया अनियताः (pratyayā niyatāḥ, arthā aniyatāḥ, arthā niyatāḥ, pratyayā aniyatāḥ) M.Bh. on II. 3.50. In the casc of नियमविधि (niyamavidhi) (a restrictive rule or statement) a limitation is put on one or more of the constituent elements or factors of that rule, the limited element being called नियत (niyata), the other one being termed अनियत (aniyata); also see Kāś. on II.2.30.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Aniyata (अनियत) or Aniyatacāra refers to “one with an irregular motion” (i.e., motion not subject to fixed laws), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Now, if [Rāhu] has a body or be simply a head with a regular motion in the ecliptic, how comes it that he eclipses the sun and moon when they are 180° from him? If his motion be not subject to fixed laws [i.e., aniyata-cāra], how comes it that his exact place is ascertained; how comes it that he never eclipses by the part of his body between his head and tail? If being of the shape of a serpent he eclipses with his head or with his tail, how comes it that he does not hide one half of the heavens lying between his head and tail?”.

2) Aniyata (अनियत) or Aniyatagati refers to “that which (course) is not fixed” and is used to describe the “Śveta” type of Ketus (i.e., luminous bodies such as comets and meteors), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11).— Accordingly, “Raśmi Ketu is a comet possessing a tail slightly coloured like smoke; it appears in the constellation of Kṛttikā. The effects are the same as those assigned to Sveta Ketu. Dhruva Ketu is a comet possessing no fixed course, colour or shape [i.e., aniyata-gatianiyatagatipramāṇavarṇākṛti] and appears anywhere in the heavens, in the sky and on Earth. When it appears glossy, mankind will be happy. To those whose death might be near this Ketu appears in the several divisions of the King’s army, in houses, in trees, in hills and in household utensils”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The third division of the Parajika of the Sutta Vibhanga. Vin.iii.187-94.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

Undefined fault. Offence committed in a way such that it creates an ambiguous situation; a witness knows that there has been a transgression, without being able to specify which one. There are 2 aniyatas.

See also: The 2 aniyatas

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Aniyata (अनियत) refers to “uncertain (life)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the uncertain life (aniyatotpādam) for living beings (prāṇinām) in the cycle of existence (saṃsāre)]—Fool, just as birds stay in a tree, having come from another country, so sentient beings from another life [stay] in the tree of a family”.

2) Aniyata (अनियत) or Aniyatatva refers to the “unfixed nature” (of family relations), according to the Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the unfixed nature (aniyatatvam) of family (kuṭumbasya) (relations)]—For corporeal [souls] the mother becomes the daughter, the sister, even the wife. The father, moreover, becomes the son and he obtains the paternal home”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Aniyata.—cf. niyata-aniyata (IE 8-5); occasional taxes. Note: aniyata is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Aniyata in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

aniyata : (adj.) uncertain; not settled.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Aniyata, (adj.) (a + niyata) not settled, uncertain, doubtful Vin.I, 112; II, 287; D.III, 217. (Page 33)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aniyata (अनियत).—a (S) Unsettled, undecided, undetermined.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aniyata (अनियत).—a Unsettled.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aniyata (अनियत).—a.

1) Uncontrolled, unrestricted.

2) Indefinite, uncertain, not fixed; irregular (forms also); °वेलं आहारोऽश्यते (velaṃ āhāro'śyate) Ś.2 at irregular hours.

3) Causeless, casual, incidental, occasional; °रुदितस्मितम् (ruditasmitam) (vadanakamalakam) Uttararāmacarita 4.4; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aniyata (अनियत).—m., (1) with or sc. dharma (= Pali id., with dhamma), one of the two sorts of possible trans- gressions of monks which are undetermined as to type of offense and consequent punishment, i.e. of which the punishment depends on circumstances (Pali Vin. iii.187- 194; [Sacred Books of the East] 13.16 f.): dvāv aniyatau (sc. dharmau) Mahāvyutpatti 8382; dharmau [Prātimokṣasūtra des Sarvāstivādins] 488.7; (2) aniyata-gotra, or aniyatai- katara-g°, see s.v. gotra (1). See also s.v. rāśi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aniyata (अनियत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Transitory, perishable. 2. Unrestrained. 3. Undefined, unprescribed. E. a neg. niyata restrained.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aniyata (अनियत).—[adjective] unbound, unrestrained, uncertain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aniyata (अनियत):—[=a-niyata] mfn. not regulated, uncontrolled, not fixed, uncertain, unrestricted, irregular, casual

2) [v.s. ...] not unaccentuated, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aniyata (अनियत):—[tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.

(-taḥ-tā-tam) 1) Not restrained, not fastened.

2) Not necessarily connected.

3) Not inevitable, not certain, not always occurring.

4) Not positive, not definite, undefined, undetermined. (The aniyatā dharmāḥ or ‘undetermined rules’ of the Buddhists, are the topic of one of the chapters of their Phātimokkha, and treat on transgressions that involve exclusion, suspension and penance, but not permanent exclusion, of a Bauddha priest.) E. a neg. and niyata.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aniyata (अनियत):—[a-niyata] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Unrestrained.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aniyata (अनियत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṇiiya, Aṇieya, Aṇiyaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aniyata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Aniyata in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Aniyata (अनियत) [Also spelled aniyat]:—(a) indefinite, occasional; unallotted; erratic; casual; ~[kālika] aperiodic; casual.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aniyata (ಅನಿಯತ):—[adjective] not conforming to established rule, system order, standard, etc.; irregular; anomalous; casual; indefinite.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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