Vinaya Pitaka (4): Parivara

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 150,781 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It analyses the rules from various points of view. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (fourth part, parivara) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar...

Monks’ Analysis: on the Laying-Down-Where (Saṅghādisesa)

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 1

Prv.1.1:Bu-Ss.1 Where was that offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down by that Lord who knows, who sees, perfected one, fully Self-Awakened One, for the emission of semen using (the hand)? Concerning whom? On what subject? … see Prv.1.1:Bu-Pj.1 … Conditioned by how many reasons was the offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down by the Lord for the emission of semen using (the hand)? Who train themselves? Who have trained themselves in the training? In what state? Who know by heart? Whose is the Utterance? By whom has it been conveyed?

“Where was that offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down by that Lord who knows, who sees, perfected one, fully Self-Awakened One for the emission of semen using (the hand)?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī.[1]

“Concerning whom?” Concerning the venerable Seyyasaka.

“On what subject?” On the subject of the venerable Seyyasaka’s having emitted semen using the hand.[2]

“Is there there a laying down, a supplementary laying down, a laying down that has not yet) occurred?” There is one laying down,[3] one supplementary laying down,[4] for it there is no laying down that has not (yet) occurred.

“A laying down (that holds good) everywhere, a laying down (that holds good only) for certain districts?” A laying down (that holds good) everywhere.

“A laying down that is shared, a laying down that is not shared?” A laying down that is not shared.

“A laying down for one (Order), a laying down for both (Orders)?” A laying down for one (Order).

BD.6.9 “ … of the five … ?” Plunged into the source, included in the source.

… By the third recital one comes to the recital.[5]

Vin.5.5 … The falling away in moral habit.

… The Formal Meeting-class of offence.

… He originates it by one origin—he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

… The legal question concerning offences.

… It is stopped by two deciding: by a verdict in the presence of, and by the carrying out on (his) acknowledgement … as in Prv.1.1:Bu-Pj.1

“Conditioned by how many reasons was the offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down by the Lord for the emission of semen using (the hand)?” Conditioned by ten reasons was the offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down by the Lord for the emission of semen using (the hand): for the excellence of the Order … for help with Discipline.

“Who train themselves?” Learners and … as in Prv.1.1:Bu-Pj.1 … in the Island of Tambapaṇṇi.

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 2

Prv.1.1:Bu-Ss.2 “Where was that offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down by that Lord who knows, who sees, perfected one, fully Self-Awakened One, for the coming into physical contact with a woman?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī.[6]

“Concerning whom?” Concerning the venerable Udāyi.

“On what subject?” On the subject of the venerable Udāyi’s coming into physical contact with a woman.

There is one laying down.[7]

Of the six origins of an offence (the monk) originates (the offence) by one origin—he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech.

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 3

Prv.1.1:Bu-Ss.3 “Where was that offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down … for offending a woman with lewd words?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī.[8]

“Concerning whom?” Concerning the venerable Udāyi.

BD.6.10 “On what subject?” On the subject of the venerable Udāyi’s offending a woman with lewd words.

There is one laying down.[9]

Of the six origins of offences (the monk) originates (the offence) by three origins—it may be that he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech; it may be that he originates it by speech and by mind, not by body; it may be that he originates it by body and by speech and by mind.

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 4

Prv.1.1:Bu-Ss.4 “Where was that offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down … for speaking in praise of ministering to sense-pleasures for self in the presence of women-folk?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[10]

Concerning the venerable Udāyi …

On the subject of the venerable Udāyi’s speaking in praise of ministering to sense-pleasures for self in the presence of women-folk … see Prv.1.1:Bu-Ss.3.

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 5

Prv.1.1:Bu-Ss.5 “Where was that offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down … for acting as a go-between?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[11]

Concerning the venerable Udāyi …

On the subject of the venerable Udāyi’s acting as a go-between …

There is one laying-down,[12] one supplementary laying-down[13]

He originates it by six origins—it may be that he originates it by body, not by speech, not by mind; it may be that he originates it by speech, not by body, not by mind; it may be that he originates it by body and by speech, not by mind; it may be that he originates it by body and by mind, not Vin.5.6 by speech; it may be that he originates it by speech and by mind, not by body; it may be that he originates it by body and by speech and by mind.

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 6

Prv.1.1:Bu-Ss.6 “Where was that offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down … for begging for having a hut built for oneself?”[14] It was laid down in Āḷavī[15]

BD.6.11 Concerning the monks of Āḷavī …

On the subject of the monks of Āḷavī begging for having a hut built for themselves …

There is one laying-down[16]

He originates it by six origins … see Prv.1.1:Bu-Ss.5.

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 7

Prv.1.1:Bu-Ss.7 ““Where was that offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down … for having a large vihāra built?” It was laid down at Kosambī[17]

Concerning the venerable Channa

The venerable Channa, clearing a site for a vihāra, had a tree that was used as a shrine cut down …

There is one laying down[18]

He originates it by six origins …

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 8

Prv.1.1:Bu-Ss.8 ““Where was that offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down … for defaming a monk with an unfounded charge of an offence involving Defeat?” It was laid down in Rājagaha[19]

Concerning the monks who were followers of Mettiya and Bhummajaka …

The monks who were the followers of Mettiya and Bhummajaka defamed the venerable Dabba the Mallian with an unfounded charge of an offence involving Defeat …

There is one laying down[20]

He originates it by three origins[21]

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 9

Prv.1.1:Bu-Ss.9 ““Where was that offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down … for defaming a monk with a charge of an offence involving Defeat, taking up some point as a pretext in a legal question really belonging to something else?” It was laid down at Rājagaha[22]

Concerning the monks who were the followers of Mettiya and Bhummajaka …

The monks who were the followers of Mettiya and Bhummajaka defamed the venerable Dabba the Mallian … really belonging to something else …

There is one laying down[23]

He originates it by three origins[24]

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 10

Prv.1.1:Bu-Ss.10 BD.6.12 “Where was that offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down … for admonishing up to three times a schismatic monk for not giving up (his course)?” It was laid down in Rājagaha[25]

Concerning Devadatta

Devadatta went forward with a schism of an Order that was harmonious …

There is one laying down[26]

He originates it by one origin—he originates it by body and by speech and by mind …

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 11

Prv.1.1:Bu-Ss.11 “Where was that offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down … for admonishing up to three times monks who were throwing in their lot with a schism for not giving up (their course)?” It was laid down in Rājagaha[27]

Concerning several monks …

Several monks were throwing in their lot with and taking part in Devadatta’s proceeding for a schism in the Order …

There is one laying down[28]

By one origin …

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 12

Prv.1.1:Bu-Ss.12 “Where was that offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down … for admonishing up to three times a monk who was difficult to speak to Vin.5.7 for not giving up (his course)?” It was laid down in Kosambī[29]

Concerning the venerable Channa …

When the venerable Channa was being spoken to by monks according to Dhamma he reckoned himself as one not to be spoken to …

There is one laying down[30]

By one origin …

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 13

Prv.1.1:Bu-Ss.13 “Where was that offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order laid down … for admonishing up to three times a monk who brought a family into disrepute for not giving up (his course)?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[31]

Concerning the monks who were the followers of Assaji and Punabbasu

Monks, through the Order, carried out the act of banishment against the monks who were followers of Assaji and Punabbasu BD.6.13 and goers on a wrong course through partiality, goers on a wrong course through hatred, goers on a wrong course through confusion, goers on a wrong course through fear[32] so as to disgrace[33] them …

There is one laying down[34]

By one origin …

Concluded are the thirteen offences requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order.

Its Summary

Emission, and bodily contact, lewd talk, and one’s own pleasure,
Acting as a go-between, and a hut, and a vihāra, without foundation, /
And some point, and a schism, likewise siding in with,
Difficult to speak to, and bringing a family into disrepute—
the thirteen offences requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order.[35]

Monks’ Aniyata 1

Prv.1.1:Bu-An.1 “Where was that which is the first Undetermined offence laid down by that Lord … ?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī.[36]

“Concerning whom?” Concerning the venerable Udāyi.

“On what subject?” On the subject of the venerable Udāyi’s sitting together with women-folk in a secret place on a secluded convenient seat.

“Is there there … see Prv.1.1:Bu-Ss.1

By the fourth recital one comes to the recital.

“Of the four fallings away which falling away?” It might he a falling away in moral habit, it might be a falling away in good behaviour.

“Of the seven classes of offence which class of offence?” It might be a Defeat-class of offence, it might be a Formal Meeting-class of offence, it might be an Expiation-class of offence.

BD.6.14 “Of the six origins of offences by how many origins does (a monk) originate (the offence)?” He originates it by one origin—he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech …

The legal question concerning offences …

It is stopped by three deciding: it may be by a verdict in the presence of and by the carrying out on (his) acknowledgement, it may be by a verdict in the presence of and by the covering over (as) with grass[37]

“Conditioned by how many reasons was the first Undetermined offence laid down by the Lord?” Vin.5.8 Conditioned by ten reasons was the first Undetermined offence laid down by the Lord: for the excellence of the Order … for help with Discipline.

“Who train themselves?” Learners and … as in Bu.Pj … in the island of Tambapaṇṇi.

Monks’ Aniyata 2

Prv.1.1:Bu-An.2 “Where was that which is the second Undetermined offence laid down by the Lord … ?” It was laid down in Sāvatthī[38]

Concerning the venerable Udāyi …

On the subject of the venerable Udāyi’s sitting down together with a woman, the one with the other, in a secret place.[39]

“Is there there … see Prv.1.1:Bu-An.1

“ … which class of offence?” It might be a Formal Meeting-class of offence, it might be an Expiation-class of offence.

“Of the six origins of offences, by how many origins does (a monk) originate (the offence)?” He originates it by three origins: it may be that he originates it by body and by mind, not by speech; it may be that he originates it by speech and by mind, not by body; it may be that he originates it by body and by speech and by mind …

… and a covering over (as) with grass.

Concluded are the two Undetermined offences.

Its Summary

Convenient and so and likewise, but not thus.
Such Undetermined matters are well laid down by the best of Buddhas.[40]

Footnotes and references:

2.

hatthena occurs here, as it does at Vin.3.

5.

See above, BD.6.1, n.6.

14.

saññācikā. According to Kaṅkhāvitaraṇī 40 this means sayaṃ yācanā … attano yācanā. My “begging in company” at BD.1.246 probably should be amended. See also Old Commentary at Vin.3.148.

21.

See Prv.1.1:Bu-Pj.2 (adinnādānasadisa, Kaṅkhāvitaraṇī 44).

32.

These, chandagāmita, etc., are goers by the four wrong courses (agati). See BD.1.323, n.7.

33.

pāpeti, to disgrace, denigrate, as at Vin.1.183, Vin-a.625. The verbal noun pāpana, denigrating is used at Kaṅkhāvitaraṇī 48. See Vism.29.

35.

Verses as at Vin.3.186.

37.

tiṇavatthāraka, see BD.3.154, BD.5.115.

40.

As at Vin.3.194.

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