Anabhoga, Anābhoga: 10 definitions


Anabhoga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Anābhoga (अनाभोग) refers to “(that which is) without effort”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “When this had been said, the Lord said to the Bodhisattva, the great being Gaganagañja: ‘[...] Just as a magical apparition gives a gift to [another] magical apparition without conceptualization and effort (anābhoga), in the same way, the Bodhisatva gives a pure gift as having the essence characterized by illusion, because it is free from the duality of thoughts, mind and consciousness and the hope for any recompense concerning any dharma. [...]’”.

Source: WikiPedia: Mahayana Buddhism

Anābhoga (अनाभोग) or Anābhogavāhana (Tibetan: lhun-grub-tu ’jug-pa) or “spontaneous engagement” refers to one of the four Manaskāra (“modes of mental engagement”) connected with śamatha (“access concentration”), according to Kamalaśīla and the Śrāvakabhūmi section of the Yogācārabhūmi-śāstra.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Anābhoga (“lack of effort”) also refers to the one of the “six obstacles to concentration” (samādhi-āvaraṇa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 118). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., anābhoga). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Anābhoga (अनाभोग) refers to “carelessness while lying down” and is one of the twenty-four activities (kriyā) of sāmparāyika (transmigression-extending influx). Sāmparāyika is one two types of āsrava (influx) which represents the flow of karma particles towards the soul, which is due to the three activities: manoyoga ( activities of mind), kāyayoga ( activities of body) and vacanayoga (activities of speech).

Kriyā (‘activities’, such as anābhoga) is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Anābhoga (अनाभोग).—One of the four types of nikṣepa (‘placing’);—What is meant by placing carelessly (anābhoga-nikṣepa)? To place an object at any place carelessly (without cleaning the place properly) instead of its proper place, is called careless placing.

Source: Rare Sanskrit Words from the Commentary on the Bṛhat-kalpa-bhāṣya

Anābhoga (अनाभोग) refers to “lack of attention”, “forgetfulness” or “disinclination”.— In his publication for the Journal of Jaina Studies, Yutaka Kawasaki collected in a non-definite list several rare Sanskrit words from Malayagiri’s and Kṣemakīrti’s commentaries on the Bṛhatkalpabhāṣya: a 6th century commentary on monastic discipline authored by Svetambara Jain exegete Saṅghadāsa. Anābhoga is mentioned in Kṣemakīrti’s commentary on gāthā 4132 (v. 4 p. 1125 l. 6).—(Cf. Ābhoga)

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Anābhoga (अनाभोग).—(an-ābhoga) (see ābhoga and sābhoga), (1) adj., effortless: crucial is Daśabhūmikasūtra 67.10 ff., where a boat, before it reaches the open sea, is sābhoga-vāhana, traveling with (human) effort; when it reaches the open sea it is anābho- gavāhano vātamaṇḍalīpraṇīto, traveling without effort, borne along by a tornado, and goes in a single day farther than it could go in a hundred years by all effortful traveling (sarvasābhogavāhanatayā, i.e. by rowing etc.). So, by the knowledge of the Omniscient (sarvajñajñānena), because this knowledge is effortless (automatic, spontane- ous: jñānānābhogatayā), a Bodhisattva gets in a single moment farther than he could get in 100,000 kalpas by his former effortful activity (pūrvakeṇa sābhogakarmaṇā). Again, in Sūtrālaṃkāra ix. 18—19, a Buddha's activities proceed without ābhoga, effortlessly, spontaneously, like music from instruments that are not being played, or jewels that shine without labor. So understand anābhoga- buddhakāryāpratiprasrabdaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 411, (a Tathāgata is) never ceasing from spontaneous (Tibetan Ihun grub pa, self- created; not contrived by human labor, Jäschke (Tibetan-English Dictionary)) Buddha- activities, and the same [compound] prefixed to -cakram Lalitavistara 423.3 (see apratipraśrabdha); automatic Śikṣāsamuccaya 7.15; °ga-vāhanaḥ Bodhisattvabhūmi 260.18, bringing automatically; mahākaruṇopāyakau- śalyānābhogagatena prayogena Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 42.8, by praxis that effortlessly (spontaneously) arrives at great compassion and skill in devices; sometimes best rendered by impassive (not involving or subject to any effort), anābhogaprekṣikayā with impassive look Śikṣāsamuccaya 268.1; (see s.v. ābhoga for Daśabhūmikasūtra 64.16;) probably impassive in Bodhisattvabhūmi 317.3, and 350.12 bodhi- sattvānām anābhogo nirnimitto vihāraḥ, which is con- trasted with (and higher than) their sābhoga (effortful) vihāra (346.14); compare Lévi, Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) i.7 n.7; (2) subst. m., non-effort, impassivity: anābhoge tathā siddhiḥ (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa [Page023-a+ 71] 116.24; svabhāvānābhogābhyāṃ ca vigacchanti Daśabhūmikasūtra 48.21, and they pass away by natural process and without effort (na caiṣāṃ kaścid vigamayitā, and no one makes them pass away); as one of the samādhy-āvaraṇāni, Dharmasaṃgraha 118, see s.v. ābhoga; (3) adverbs, without effort, effortlessly, anābhogataḥ Daśabhūmikasūtra 56.19; Śikṣāsamuccaya 12.1; anābhogena pariniṣpa- dyante, are automatically perfected, Daśabhūmikasūtra 58.9; (4) m., name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 52.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anābhoga (अनाभोग):—[=an-ābhoga] mfn. having or offering no enjoyments, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Anābhoga (अनाभोग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṇābhoga.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Aṇābhoga (अणाभोग) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Anābhoga.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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