Abhoga, Ābhoga: 20 definitions


Abhoga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: Northern Indian Music Volume I

Ābhoga (आभोग) refers to the first of four stages through which a rāga (melodic mode) develops itself.—Ābhoga is a concluding variation, also starting, as a rule, from the higher C (Sa). In songs, it often contains the name of the composer.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Ābhoga (आभोग) refers to “the wonder that is the experience”, according to the Mahānayaprakāśa verse 2.1-35, while explaining the cycles of the goddesses of consciousness.—Accordingly, “[...] She is called Saṃhārabhakṣiṇī because she devours (all things) through inner touch. It is where the knowledge consisting of the manifestation of the organs of knowledge, intensified by the wonder that is the experience (ābhoga) of sense objects, comes to rest. Pleasing (snigdha) Union (mela) is brought about by the inner Self, which is in a potential state. Externally it is this (energy) that is capable of perceiving the reflection (of perceptions within the intellect). It is experienced as the Union that is the taste of the inner universal aesthetic delight (rasa) (of consciousness)”.

2) Ābhoga (आभोग) refers to “curved (breasts)” [?], according to the Kulakaulinīmata 5.88-99.—Accordingly, “The goddess (Tripurabhairavī) is red like vermillion and the Bandhūka flower. She wears red clothes and is adorned with all the ornaments. She has matted hair and, peaceful, the moon is her crest jewel. She is replete with all (auspicious) characteristics and sits on a cot. She has large, round [i.e., āpīna-maṇḍala-ābhoga] and upraised breasts, her navel has three folds, and she is adorned with (a fine) line of hair (travelling down from it). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ābhoga.—(IE 8-4), a territorial unit; similar to bhoga; cf. Gorajja-abhoga. Note: ābhoga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ābhoga : (m.) ideation; thought.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ābhoga, (fr. ābhuñjati, bhuj2 to enjoy etc. The translators of Kvu derive it from bhuj1 to bend etc. (Kvu trsl. 221 n. 4) which however is hardly correct, cp. the similar meaning of gocara “pasturing”, fig. perception etc.) ideation, idea, thought D.I, 37 (= manasikāro samannāhāro DA.I, 122; cp. semantically āhāra = ābhoga, food); Vbh.320; Miln.97; Vism.164, 325, 354; Dāvs 62; KhA 42 (°paccavekkhana), 43 (id.) 68. (Page 103)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ābhōga (आभोग).—m (S) The third of the three divisions of a dhrupada. It has two tṛka or parts, whilst astāī & antarā have each but one.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ābhōga (आभोग).—m The third of the three divi- sions of a dhrupada.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhoga (अभोग).—Non-enjoyment.

Derivable forms: abhogaḥ (अभोगः).

--- OR ---

Ābhoga (आभोग).—[ā-bhuj-ghañ]

1) Curving, winding.

2) A curve; आभोगकुटिला (ābhogakuṭilā) (gaṅgā) Mb.; crumpling.

3) Circuit, circumference, expanse, extension, precincts, environs; अकथितोऽपि ज्ञायत एव यथायमाभोगस्तपावेनस्येति (akathito'pi jñāyata eva yathāyamābhogastapāvenasyeti) Ś.1; गगनाभोगः (gaganābhogaḥ) the expanse of heaven, wide firmament of the sky; Bhartṛhari 3.57; Mv.6.3; शैलाभोगभुवो भवन्ति ककुभः (śailābhogabhuvo bhavanti kakubhaḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.16. प्रासादाभोगः (prāsādābhogaḥ) the middle part of a palace; प्रासादाभोगविस्तीर्णः स्तुतिशब्दो ह्यवर्तत (prāsādābhogavistīrṇaḥ stutiśabdo hyavartata) Rām.2.65.3.

4) Magnitude, fulness, extent, expansive form; गण्डाभोगात् (gaṇḍābhogāt) Meghadūta 93 from the broad cheek; प्रतिरवाभोग (pratiravābhoga) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 3.8;4.1;5.11; प्रतिभयाभोगैः प्लवङ्गाधिपैः (pratibhayābhogaiḥ plavaṅgādhipaiḥ) Mv.6.24 bodily form or stature; Uttararāmacarita 2.14; भवाभोगोद्विग्नाः (bhavābhogodvignāḥ) Bhartṛhari 3.42,86; Mv.2; K.35,333.

5) Effort.

6) The expanded hood of a cobra (used by Varuṇa as his umbrella).

7) Enjoyment, satiety, completion; विषयाभोगेषु नैवादरः (viṣayābhogeṣu naivādaraḥ) Śāntilakṣaṇa.

8) Serpent. आभोगं हन्मना हतम् (ābhogaṃ hanmanā hatam) Ṛgveda 7.94.12.

Derivable forms: ābhogaḥ (आभोगः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ābhoga (आभोग).—m. (derived by Leumann, [Tibetan-English Dictionary] nordarische Lehrgedicht des Buddhismus, AKM 20.1, p. 68, from bhuj bend, as Anbiegung = Anlehnung; an-ā°, ohne Anlehnung d.h. ohne Rückhalt oder Stützpunkt. Some Pali interpreters also derive from this root, see [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]. Whatever the ety- mology, the primary meaning in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] is clearly effort; so some Sanskrit lexx., = yatna. This also fits at least many Pali occurrences of ābhoga, but in Pali the word needs more study; dict. definitions are all unsatisfactory; it is often bracketed or equated with manasikāra, especially with cetaso or cittassa, Dīghanikāya (Pali) commentary i.122.6—7, perhaps as (mental) effort, e.g. Miln. 97.10), effort, earnest application (directed towards, loc.): Mahāvyutpatti 2092 = Tibetan sgrim pa, ḥjug pa, bzo (gzo) ba, endeavor; setting about; work; śīle ābhogaṃ kṛtvāna, having made effort for (in regard to) morality Mahāvastu ii.358.7; 360.9; ekāntaśukleṣv eva karmasv ābhogaḥ kara- ṇīyaḥ, one must strive for… Divyāvadāna 23.30—24.1; 55.12; 193.15; 289.23; sarvābhogavigato 'nābhogadharmatāprāptaḥ kāya- vākcittautsukyāpagataḥ Daśabhūmikasūtra 64.15—16, rid of all (inter- ested) effort, arrived at a state of effortless (impassive, see anābhoga) condition, free of bodily, vocal, mental desires (said of the Bodhisattva); in Dharmasaṃgraha 118, list of six ‘hindrances’ (āvaraṇa) to samādhi: kausīdya, māna, śāṭhya, auddhatya, anābhoga, satyābhoga; here anābhoga lack of effort has a bad sense, not a good one as in Daśabhūmikasūtra 64.16; satyābhoga is obscure (saty-ābhoga, effort directed towards something concretely existing as distinguished from abstract goals? if satya-ābhoga, as [compound], I do not understand what it could mean as a hindrance to samādhi). See anā- bhoga, sābhoga, both clearly supporting meaning effort.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhoga (अभोग).—m.

(-gaḥ) Non-enjoyment, not making use of. E. a neg. bhoga enjoyment.

--- OR ---

Ābhoga (आभोग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. Completion, fulness. 2. Enjoyment. 3. Effort, pains. 4. The expanded hood of the Cobra capella, used by Varuna as his umbrella. E. āṅ before bhuja to eat, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ābhoga (आभोग).—i. e. ā-bhuj + a, m. 1. Crookedness, Mahābhārata 3, 9957; vault, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 65, 3; roundness, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 89. 2. Fullness, plenty, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 8, 1. 3. The expanded hood of the Cobra capella, Mahābhārata 16, 118.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhoga (अभोग).—[masculine] non-enjoyment.

--- OR ---

Ābhoga (आभोग).—[masculine] curve, circuit, extension, fullness, amplitude, abundance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Ābhoga (आभोग) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a
—[commentary] on the Vedāntakalpataru of Amalānanda, by Lakṣmīnṛsiṃha. Burnell. 87^a. Oppert. 5247. Ii, 2456. 5375. 6741. 7861. 8622. 9285. 9449. 10293.
—by Narasiṃha Vājapeyin. Oppert. Ii, 9137. 9383.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhoga (अभोग):—[=a-bhoga] [from a-bhoktṛ] m. non-enjoyment, [Meghadūta etc.]

2) Ābhoga (आभोग):—[=ā-bhoga] [from ā-bhuj] 1. ā-bhoga m. winding, curving, curve, crease, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a serpent, [Ṛg-veda vii, 94, 12]

4) [v.s. ...] the expanded hood of the Cobra Capella (used by Varuṇa as his umbrella), [Mahābhārata; Harṣacarita]

5) [v.s. ...] circuit, circumference, environs, extension, fulness, expanse, [Śakuntalā; Bhartṛhari] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] variety, multifariousness, [Bhartṛhari]

7) [v.s. ...] effort, pains, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] (for 2. ā-bhoga See sub voce)

9) [=ā-bhoga] 2. ā-bhoga m. (√2. bhuj), enjoyment, satiety, fulness, completion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of [work]

11) [v.s. ...] mfn. ifc. enjoying, eating, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka]

12) [v.s. ...] (for 1. ā-bhoga See ā- √1. bhuj.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ābhoga (आभोग):—[ā-bhoga] (gaḥ) 1. m. Completion; effort; enjoyment; snake’s hood.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ābhoga (आभोग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ābhoga, Ābhoya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhoga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Ābhoga (आभोग) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ābhoga.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ābhōga (ಆಭೋಗ):—

1) [noun] enjoyment; delight; pleasure; joy.

2) [noun] the state of being full or complete.

3) [noun] a large, open area or unbroken surface; wide extent; great breadth; expanse; magnitude.

4) [noun] the expanded hood of a cobra.

5) [noun] a try, esp. a hard try; an attempt; an endeavour; an effort.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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