Agnihotra, aka: Agni-hotra; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Agnihotra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Itihasa (narrative history)

[Agnihotra in Itihasa glossaries]

Agnihotra (अग्निहोत्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.36.44) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Agnihotra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Purana

[Agnihotra in Purana glossaries]

Agnihotra (अग्निहोत्र).—This is a sacrifice offered to Agnideva. This has two parts, nitya and Kāmya.

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Agnihotra (अग्निहोत्र).—Personified as the son of Pṛśni and Savitā;1 a vedic sacrifice;2 performed by Bharata.3 Its nature and effects.4 Performers of Agnihotra live in pitṛyāna;5 performed by Śukra, Dhūminī, the sonless wife of Ajamīḍha;6 performed by Purūravas;7 the face of the personified Vedas.8 As efficacious as hearing the viṣṇupurāṇa once.9

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18, 1.
  • 2) Ib. III, 13, 36.
  • 3) Ib. V. 7, 5.
  • 4) Ib. VII. 15, 48.
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 160; 30, 13; III. 14, 2; 26, 14; 35, 44; 44, 5; 66, 2; Matsya-purāṇa 124. 98.
  • 6) Matsya-purāṇa 11, 58; 25, 34; 50, 18; 107, 16; 183, 81.
  • 7) Vāyu-purāṇa 91, 2; 107, 18; 77, 9.
  • 8) Ib. 104, 83.
  • 9) Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 8, 30.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Agnihotra in Hinduism glossaries]

Agnihotra (अग्निहोत्र), the most performed Vedic sacrifice, has left traces in several (daily) rituals. Its mantras, actions or implications play a role in the sāyaṃprātarhoma (aupāsanahoma), the prāṇāgnihotra (bhojanavidhi), the vaiśvadeva (devayajña), the saṃdhyā rites (probably) in gṛhya libation sacrifices in general.

The Agnihotra came to denote the sacred fire in later Sanskrit and (perhaps) in Pali. It is hard to say wether early āhnikāni may have existed which might have influenced the esoteric interpretations of the Agnihotra in the brāhmaṇas.

(Source): Google Books: The Daily Evening and Morning Offering (Agnihotra) According to the Brāhmanas

Agnihotra (अग्निहोत्र) is a Vedic yajña (ritual or sacrifice) performed in orthodox Hindu communities.

The central part of the Agnihotra consists of making two offerings of brown rice (unpolished) into the fire exactly at, slightly before, or even after the time of sunset and sunrise, along with Vedic mantras that relate the fire and the sun to each other: 'agnir jyotir, jyotiḥ sūryaḥ svāhā' in the evening, but the reverse 'sūryo jyotir, jyotir agniḥ svāhā' in the morning. This preserves the sun over night, which is also one of the interpretations of the ritual given in the Samhitas and Brahmanas.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Agnihotra in Marathi glossaries]

agnihōtra (अग्निहोत्र).—n (S) Maintenance of a perpetual and sacred fire.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

agnihōtra (अग्निहोत्र).—n Maintenance of a perpetual and sacred fire.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Agnihotra in Sanskrit glossaries]

Agnihotra (अग्निहोत्र).—[agnaye hūyate'tra, hu-tra, ca. ta.]

1) an oblation to Agni (chiefly of milk, oil and sour gruel.).

2) maintenance of the sacred fire and offering oblation to it; (agnaye hotraṃ homo'smin karmaṇīti agnihotramiti karmanāma); or the sacred fire itself; तपोवनाग्निहोत्रधूमलेखासु (tapovanāgnihotradhūmalekhāsu) K.26. होता स्यात् °त्रस्य (hotā syāt °trasya) Ms.11.36. °त्रमुपासते (tramupāsate) 42; स्त्रीं दाहयेत् °त्रेण (strīṃ dāhayet °treṇa) Ms.5.167,6.4, दाहयित्वाग्निहोत्रेण स्त्रियं वृत्तवतीम् (dāhayitvāgnihotreṇa striyaṃ vṛttavatīm) Y.1.89. The time of throwing oblations into the fire is, as ordained by the sun himself, evening (agnaye sāyaṃ juhuyāt sūryāya prātarjuhuyāt). Agnihotra is of two kinds; नित्य (nitya) of constant obligation (yāvajjīvamagnihotraṃ juhoti) and काम्य (kāmya) occasional or optional (upasadbhiścaritvā māsamekamagnihotraṃ juhoti).

-tra a. Ved.

Derivable forms: agnihotram (अग्निहोत्रम्).

Agnihotra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms agni and hotra (होत्र).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Hotra
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