Ritvik, Ṛtvik, Ṛtvij, Ritvij: 14 definitions
Ritvik means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Ṛtvik and Ṛtvij can be transliterated into English as Rtvik or Ritvik or Rtvij or Ritvij, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)
Ṛtvik (ऋत्विक्) refers to “priest who performs a sacrifice on someone’s behalf”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Ṛtvik (ऋत्विक्) refers to the “priests participating in the Vedic sacrifices”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] once a great sacrifice was started by Dakṣa, [...] In that sacrifice that was being performed in that holy place of Kanakhala, Bhṛgu and other sages were made Ṛtviks by him (Dakṣa). [...] There were eighty-six thousand Ṛtviks in the performance of the sacrifice and sixty-four thousand Udgātṛs. The celestial sages Nārada and others acted as Adhvaryus and Hotṛs. They too were as many. The seven sages (jointly and) severally repeated the Sāman hymns”.
Note: The priests (Ṛtvijas) participating in the Vedic sacrifices are usually four in number. They are Hotṛ, Adhvaryu, Udgātṛ and Brahman corresponding to the four Vedas—Ṛg, Yajus, Sāman and Atharvan respectively. Each of the priests has three companions or helpers, the total no. is sixteen viz. Hotṛ—Maitrāvaruṇa, Acchāvāka, Grāvastut; Adhvaryu—Pratiprasthātṛ, Neṣṭṛ, Unnetṛ; Udgātṛ—Prastotṛ, Pratihartṛ, Subrahmaṇya and Brahman—Brāhmaṇācchaṃsin, Agnīdhra, Potṛ. See Āśvalāyana Śrauta Sūtra IV. 1.4-6.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Ṛtvik (ऋत्विक्).—A Priest who officiates at a yāga. Those who perform yāgas like Agnisandhāna, Agniṣṭoma, Pākayaña etc. are called Ṛtviks. Manusmṛti, Chapter 2, Verse 143).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Ṛtvik (ऋत्विक्).—The karma performed with a view to attain fruits; the performer has a round of births and deaths (śmaśāna); even sages were desirous of offspring in the dvāpara.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 210-6.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions
Ṛtvij (ऋत्विज्) refers to the “sacrificial priests”, according to the Mattavilāsaprahasana.—Accordingly, as the Kāpālika cries out: “My darling, look. This pub resembles the Vedic sacrificial ground. For its signpost resembles the sacrificial pillar; in this case alcohol is the Soma, drunkards (śauṇḍa) are the sacrificial priests (ṛtvij), the wine glasses are the special cups for drinking Soma, the roasted meat and other appetizers are the fire oblations, the drunken babblings are the sacrificial formulae, the songs are the Sāman-hymns, the pitchers are the sacrificial ladles, thirst is the fire and the owner of the pub is the patron of the sacrifice”
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Ṛtvik (ऋत्विक्) is a Sanskrit word referring to one who acts on behalf of his preceptor.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Ṛtvij (ऋत्विज्).—a. Ved. Sacrificing at the proper season or regularly; -m. A priest who officiates at a sacrifice; यज्ञस्य देवमृत्विजम् (yajñasya devamṛtvijam) Ṛgveda 1.1.1; ऋत्विग्यज्ञकृदुच्यते (ṛtvigyajñakṛducyate) Y.1.35; cf. Manusmṛti 2.143 also; the four chief Ṛitvijas are होतृ, उद्गातृ, अध्वर्यु (hotṛ, udgātṛ, adhvaryu) and ब्रह्मन् (brahman); at grand ceremonies 16 are enumerated.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ṛtvij (ऋत्विज्).—m. (-tvik) 1. A domestic chaplain, a family priest. E. ṛtu a season, yaj to worship, affix kvin, deriv. irr.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ṛtvij (ऋत्विज्).—i. e. ṛtu-yaj, m. A priest, who receives a stipend for preparing the holy fire and conducting sacrifices, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 143.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ṛtvik (ऋत्विक्):—[=ṛtv-ik] [from ṛtu > ṛ] (in [compound] for ṛtvij below)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Ṛtvij (ऋत्विज्):—[=ṛtv-ij] [from ṛtu > ṛ] a mfn. ([from] √yaj), sacrificing at the proper time, sacrificing regularly
2) [v.s. ...] m. (k) a priest (usually four are enumerated, viz. Hotṛ, Adhvaryu, Brahman, and Udgātṛ; each of them has three companions or helpers, so that the total number is sixteen, viz. hotṛ, Maitrāvaruṇa, Acchāvāka, Grāva-stut; adhvaryu, Prati-prasthātṛ, Neṣṭṛ, Un-netṛ; brahman, Brāhmaṇācchaṃsin, Agnīdhra, Potṛ; udgātṛ, Prastotṛ, Pratihartṛ, Subrahmaṇya, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra iv, 1, 4-6]), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra etc.]
3) [=ṛtv-ij] b See p. 224, col. 2.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ṛtvij (ऋत्विज्):—(k) 1. m. A domestic priest.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+106): Kshiptayoni, Mahtvij, Ritviktva, Artvijina, Shodashartvikkratu, Ritvikphala, Rikshara, Ritvikpatha, Adyartvij, Anvaharya, Haviryajnartvij, Ritvigashis, Prasarpaka, Artvijya, Acchavaka, Adhvaryu, Unnetri, Daityartvij, Dridhavya, Yajata.
Search found 31 books and stories containing Ritvik, Ṛtvik, Ritv-ik, Ṛtv-ik, Ṛtvij, Ritv-ij, Rtvik, Ritvij, Rtvij, Rtv-ik, Ṛtv-ij, Rtv-ij; (plurals include: Ritviks, Ṛtviks, iks, Ṛtvijs, ijs, Rtviks, Ritvijs, Rtvijs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 2.5.7 < [Sukta 5]
Rig Veda 6.16.13 < [Sukta 16]
Rig Veda 1.23.19 < [Sukta 23]
Asvalayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 3.14 < [Chapter 3 - Karma-yoga (Yoga through the Path of Action)]
Verses 1.37-38 < [Chapter 1 - Sainya-Darśana (Observing the Armies)]
Verse 9.26 < [Chapter 9 - Rāja-guhya-yoga (Yoga through the most Confidential Knowledge)]
Brahma Sutras (Shankara Bhashya) (by Swami Vireshwarananda)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 2.143 < [Section XXV - Meaning of the Title ‘Ācārya’]
Verse 11.13 < [Section II - The Brāhmaṇa’s Responsibilities and Privileges regarding Sacrificial Performances]
Verse 8.388 < [Section XLVIII - Laws relating to Civic Misdemeanours]
The Gautami Mahatmya (by G. P. Bhatt)