Ramyaka: 13 definitions


Ramyaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Ramyaka (रम्यक).—A son of Agnīdhra, who had nine sons by his wife Pūrvacittī. (Bhāgavata, 5th Skandha). Ramyaka ruled the Kingdom called Ramyaka Varṣa near Nīlagiri. Arjuna, during his triumphal tour conquered Ramyaka and levied taxes from the people there (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 28).

2) Ramyaka (रम्यक).—A particular region in Ilāvṛta, one of the seven Continents. On the eastern part of Ilāvṛta there exist three mountains called Nīlagiri, Śvetagiri and Sṛṅgavān. These mountains jut into the sea, and are separated from one another by a distance of two thousand miles each and are the source of many rivers. In between the three mountains are three regions of land called Ramyaka, Hiraṇmaya and Kuru. (Devī Bhāgavata, 8th Skandha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ramyaka (रम्यक).—Son of Āgnīdhra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 2. 19.

1b) (Nīlavarṣa) a continent bounded by Nīla on one side: Here Viṣṇu in the form of Matsya is worshipped by Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 8; 18. 24-28. Matsya-purāṇa 113. 30; Vāyu-purāṇa 34. 30. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 14.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Ramyaka (रम्यक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.51) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ramyaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Ramyaka (रम्यक) refers to one of the seven regions (navakhaṇḍa) situated within Jambūdvīpa, according to Parākhyatantra 5.61. It is also known as Ramya or Ramyakakhaṇḍa. Jambūdvīpa is one of the seven continents situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī). These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

In the middle of these nine regions (e.g., Ramyaka) is situated the golden mountain named Meru which rises above the surface of the earth by 84,000 yojanas while it penetrates the circle of the earth to a depth of sixteen yojanas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Ramyaka (रम्यक).—One of the seven regions (kṣetra) of Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside. In Ramyaka flows the twin rivers Nārī and Narakāntā.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Ramyaka (रम्यक) (or Ramyakakṣetra, Ramyakavarṣa) refers to one of the seven zones of Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Now, there are 7 zones here in Jambūdvīpa: Bhārata, Haimavata, Harivarṣa, Videha, Ramyaka, Hairaṇyavata, and Airāvata from south to north. Making the division between these there are 7 mountain-ranges, bounding the zones: Himavat, Mahāhimavat, Niṣadha, Nīla, Rukmin, and Śikharin with equal diameter at the base and top. [...] In the zone named Ramyaka there are the great rivers, Narakāntā and Narīkāntā; [...] The first of each pair flows to the east and the second to the west. [...]”.

2) Ramyaka (रम्यक) is the name of a southern province situated in East-Videha in Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2.—Accordingly, “[...] Between them (i.e., the Vidyutprabha and Saumanasa Mountains) are the bhogabhumis, the Devakurus. [...] Between them (i.e., the Gandhamādana and Mālyavat Mountains) are the very charming Uttarakurus [...] East of the Devakurus and Uttarakurus, they are called East Videhas, and to the west, West Videhas, like different countries to each other. In each, there are 16 provinces, inaccessible to each other, separated by rivers and mountains, suitable to be conquered by a Cakrin. [viz., Ramyaka, etc.] are the southern provinces of East Videha. [...]”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Ramyaka (रम्यक) or Ramyakavarṣa refers to a region of Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. This region is very beautiful due to the presence of many rivers, forests, gardens etc and hence the name ramyaka (beautiful) assigned to it. The mountain chain Nīla separates the Videha and Ramyaka regions. The mountain chain Rukmi separates Ramyaka and Hairaṇyavata regions. Nārī, the Narakāntā rivers divide Ramyaka-kṣetra.

The five regions Ramyaka in which inhabitants live has happy period (2nd time period) always. There the human beings have a life span of two palya, height of their body as 4000 bows, food once after two days, and the body of white colour (Like conch shell) which is similar to that in Harivarṣa regions in the north

Jambūdvīpa (containing the Ramyaka region) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ramyaka (रम्यक).—n.

(-kaṃ) 1. One of the minor Dwipas or divisions of the world, lying to the north of Ilavrita; also ramaṇaka, and ramaṇyaka. 2. The root of the Patola. E. ramya agreeable, kan added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ramyaka (रम्यक):—[from ram] m. Melia Sempervirens, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Āgnīdhra, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] n. (in Sāṃkhya) one of the 8 perfections or Siddhis, [Tattvasamāsa; Sāṃkhyakārikā [Scholiast or Commentator]] (also f(ā). [scilicet] siddhi)

4) [v.s. ...] n. the root of Trichosanthes Dioeca, [Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a Varṣa called after Ramyaka, [Purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ramyaka (रम्यक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. One of the minor dwīpas or divisions of the world. Also ramaṇaka and ramaṇyaka.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ramyaka (रम्यक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Rammaga, Rammaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ramyaka in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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