Ramyaka; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ramyaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Ramyaka in Purana glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

1) Ramyaka (रम्यक).—A son of Agnīdhra, who had nine sons by his wife Pūrvacittī. (Bhāgavata, 5th Skandha). Ramyaka ruled the Kingdom called Ramyaka Varṣa near Nīlagiri. Arjuna, during his triumphal tour conquered Ramyaka and levied taxes from the people there (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 28).

2) Ramyaka (रम्यक).—A particular region in Ilāvṛta, one of the seven Continents. On the eastern part of Ilāvṛta there exist three mountains called Nīlagiri, Śvetagiri and Sṛṅgavān. These mountains jut into the sea, and are separated from one another by a distance of two thousand miles each and are the source of many rivers. In between the three mountains are three regions of land called Ramyaka, Hiraṇmaya and Kuru. (Devī Bhāgavata, 8th Skandha).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Ramyaka (रम्यक).—Son of Āgnīdhra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 2. 19.

1b) (Nīlavarṣa) a continent bounded by Nīla on one side: Here Viṣṇu in the form of Matsya is worshipped by Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 8; 18. 24-28. Matsya-purāṇa 113. 30; Vāyu-purāṇa 34. 30. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 14.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Ramyaka (रम्यक) refers to one of the seven regions (navakhaṇḍa) situated within Jambūdvīpa, according to Parākhyatantra 5.61. It is also known as Ramya or Ramyakakhaṇḍa. Jambūdvīpa is one of the seven continents situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī). These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

In the middle of these nine regions (eg., Ramyaka) is situated the golden mountain named Meru which rises above the surface of the earth by 84,000 yojanas while it penetrates the circle of the earth to a depth of sixteen yojanas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Ramyaka in Itihasa glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

Ramyaka (रम्यक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.51) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ramyaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Ramyaka in Jainism glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

Ramyaka (रम्यक).—One of the seven regions (kṣetra) of Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside. In Ramyaka flows the twin rivers Nārī and Narakāntā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Ramyaka (रम्यक) or Ramyakavarṣa refers to a region of Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. This region is very beautiful due to the presence of many rivers, forests, gardens etc and hence the name ramyaka (beautiful) assigned to it. The mountain chain Nīla separates the Videha and Ramyaka regions. The mountain chain Rukmi separates Ramyaka and Hairaṇyavata regions. Nārī, the Narakāntā rivers divide Ramyaka-kṣetra.

The five regions Ramyaka in which inhabitants live has happy period (2nd time period) always. There the human beings have a life span of two palya, height of their body as 4000 bows, food once after two days, and the body of white colour (Like conch shell) which is similar to that in Harivarṣa regions in the north

Jambūdvīpa (containing the Ramyaka region) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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