Ratnaprabha, aka: Ratna-prabha, Ratnaprabhā; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ratnaprabha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Katha (narrative stories)

Ratnaprabha in Katha glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

1) Ratnaprabhā (रत्नप्रभा) is the name of the seventh book of the Kathāsaritsāgara, written by Somadeva in the 11th-century.

2) Ratnaprabhā (रत्नप्रभा) is the daughter of the Vidyādhara king Hemaprabha and queen Alaṅkāraprabhā according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 35. Accordingly, “... but when the due time came a daughter was born to that queen [Alaṅkāraprabhā], whose birth by the favour of Gaurī was a sufficient guarantee of her loveliness. And this voice was then heard from heaven: ‘She shall be the wife of Naravāhanadatta’, which agreed with the words of Śiva’s revelation. And the king was just as much delighted at her birth as he was at that of his son, and gave her the name of Ratnaprabhā. And Ratnaprabhā, adorned with her own science, grew up in the house of her father, producing illumination in all the quarters of the sky”.

3) Ratnaprabha (रत्नप्रभ) is the son of Candraprabha, and thus, brother of Sūryaprabha, first mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 46. Accordingly: “... then they [Sūryaprabha and others] anointed Ratnaprabha, the son of Candraprabha, king of the earth, and ascended the chariot Bhūtāsana, and went all of them, by the advice of Maya, to a wood of ascetics on the bank of the eastern Ganges, the dwelling of Sumeru, the King of the Vidyādharas”.

4) Ratnaprabhā (रत्नप्रभा) is the name of a Nāgī and daughter of Vāsuki, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 55. Accordingly, as Ratnaprabhā said to king Kanakavarṣa: “... son, know that I am the daughter of Vāsuki, the king of the snakes, and the elder sister of thy father, Ratnaprabhā by name. I always dwell near thee, invisible, to protect thee, but to-day, seeing thee despondent, I have displayed to thee my real form. I cannot bear to behold thy sorrow, so tell me the cause”.

5) Ratnaprabhā (रत्नप्रभा) is the wife of Kanakākṣa: an ancient king from Hiraṇyapura (in Kaśmīra), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 65. Accordingly, “...  in it [Kaśmīra] there was a town named Hiraṇyapura, and there reigned in it a king named Kanakākṣa. And there was born to that king, owing to his having propitiated Śiva, a son named Hiraṇyākṣa, by his wife Ratnaprabhā”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Ratnaprabhā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
context information

Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Ratnaprabha in Jainism glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

Ratnaprabhā (रत्नप्रभा, “gem-hued”).—First of the seven lands existing within adholoka (lower world) in Jain cosmology. These seven lands exists in downward order supported by cushions of humid atmosphere (ghana) and dense air/water (ambu), which rests in a ring of thin air (vāta) resting in space (ākāśa).

Adholoka represents the lower section of the universe and hosts the infernal beings that exists within these lands. Ratnaprabhā features 13 stratas and 3,000,000 dwelling places according to the Bhagavatī-sūtra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Ratnaprabhā (रत्नप्रभा).—The ratnaprabhā is divided into three parts: the uppermost, called the khara-bhāga, has in its central regions abodes of all the classes of the Bhavanavāsī-devas except the Asurakumāras, and of the various classes of the Vyantara gods except the Rākṣasas. The middle part of the Ratnaprabhā is called the paṅka-bhāga wherein stay the Asurakumāras and the Rākṣasas.

Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography

Ratnaprabhā (रत्नप्रभा) or simply Ratna refers to one of the seven lands (bhumī) or layers of the underworld (adholoka or naraka), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.1. Each ‘land’ of hell has a hue (prabhā), which is an attribute of light. Hence this word is associated with each of the seven lands. That land which is gem-hued is called Ratnaprabhā. It is also known by the name Ghammā.

These seven lands (eg., ratna-prabhā) exist in the downward order (one below the other) with Ratnaprabhā being the topmost supported by the cushions of humid atmosphere (ghana), dense air /water (ambu), which rests in a ring of thin /rarified air (vāta) resting in space (ākāśa). Ratnaprabhā has three million infernal abodes (naraka). The maximum life span of infernal beings in Ratnaprabhā land is one ocean-meansured-period (sāgaropama). Ratnaprabhā has three subdivisions namely Khara, Paṅka and Abbahula.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ratnaprabha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

Ratnaprabhā (रत्नप्रभा).—the earth.

Ratnaprabhā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ratna and prabhā (प्रभा).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ratnaprabha (रत्नप्रभ).—(1) (Ratana°) n. of a Buddha: Gv 284.23 (verse, may be m.c.); (2) n. of a Bodhisattva: SP 3.6; Gv 3.15; (3) n. of a deity (devaputra): SP 4.4.

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Ratnaprabhā (रत्नप्रभा).—(1) n. of a śreṣṭhin's daughter: Gv 332.23; (2) n. of a lokadhātu: Gv 352.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ratnaprabhā (रत्नप्रभा).—f.

(-bhā) The first of the seven hells or purgatories, according to the Jainas. E. ratna a jewel, and prabhā splendour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Candraprabha
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