Adhidaiva; 2 Definition(s)


Adhidaiva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kosha (encyclopedic lexicons)

[Adhidaiva in Kosha glossaries]

Adhidaiva (अधिदैव).—The three terms, viz. adhibhūta, adhidaiva and adhyātma—are known today as a triad but they have also been used singly or in pairs, viz. adhibhūta-adhyātma, adhibhūta-adhidaiva, adhidaiva-adhyātma, their order being insignificant. Basically, the three stand for the outer or tangible (adhibhūta), the intangible described as divine (adhidaiva) and the one pertaining to the ‘self’ identified with the body, mindm, ātman, etc. (adhyātma). This triad has very deep roots in Indian though reflected in Vedic and later literature.

Adhidaivata has been identified with puruṣa or ātman because all the devatās reside in it. Adhidaiva (or adhidevata or adhidaivata) means all that belongs to the deities. It also means the divine creation. Finally, the word adhidaiva refers to the Supreme Deity, the Primordial Man, the cause of the material creation (puruṣaścādhidaivatam). The word deva is derived from the root div-‘to shine, be bright’ with the suffix ac; deva becomes daiva when the suffix aṇ is added to deva with the prefix adhi, the word daiva becomes adhidaivam, a neuter indeclinable compound.

(Source): Google Books: Kalātattvakośa, volume 3
context information

Kosha (कोश, kośa) refers to Sanskrit lexicons intended to provide additional information regarding technical terms used in religion, philosophy and the various sciences (shastra). The oldest extant thesaurus (kosha) dates to the 4th century AD.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Adhidaiva in Sanskrit glossaries]

Adhidaiva (अधिदैव).—[adhiṣṭhātṛ daivam-daivatam vā]

1) The presiding god or deity; अधिदैवं किमुच्यते (adhidaivaṃ kimucyate) Bg.8.1. पुरुषश्चा- धिदैवतम् (puruṣaścā- dhidaivatam) Bg.8.4;7.3; शिवाधिदैवतं ध्यायेत् वह्निप्रत्यधिदैवतम् (śivādhidaivataṃ dhyāyet vahnipratyadhidaivatam); तमभिनन्दन्ति (tamabhinandanti)...यः अधिदैवतमिव स्तौति (yaḥ adhidaivatamiva stauti) K.19.

2) The supreme deity or the divine agent operating in material objects.

Derivable forms: adhidaivam (अधिदैवम्).

See also (synonyms): adhidaivata.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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