Abja, Abjā: 23 definitions


Abja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Abja (अब्ज, “lotus”):—In Hindu iconology (śilpaśāstra), this symbol represents enlightenment and purity. It is also one of six items that Agni is displayed carrying. Agni, one of the most important Vedic gods, represents divine illumination

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of abja in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Abja (अब्ज).—An attribute of Brahmā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 5. 31.

1b) (abjam, abdam)—100 crores.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 95.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of abja in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Abja (अब्ज) is another name for “Padma” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning abja] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of abja in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Abja (अब्ज) refers to “doucine (molding) § 3.9.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

Discover the meaning of abja in the context of Vastushastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Abja (रेखा) refers to an “auspicious lotus”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, while describing the signs of one who is a Siddha: “There is (an auspicious) line on his foot and (the lines) on his hand (are shaped) like an auspicious lotus [i.e., abja]. His shoulders are equal as are (his) teeth; his neck and breasts are upraised. Or else he may be bent over. Such a one is part of the Siddha lineage. (His) thigh is (strong as if) issuing from a wheel and he has a faint auspicious line of hair (on his belly). His gait is playful and his body well proportioned. Such is the mark of a Siddha”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of abja in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Abja (अब्ज) refers to “pearls”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Those who are born on the lunar day of Mṛgaśirṣa will delight or deal in perfumes, dress, pearls (abja), flowers, fruits, precious stones, wild beasts, birds and deer; will be Somayajis or singers; will be lascivious; will be good writers or painters. Those who are born on the lunar day of Ārdrā will delight in killing, torturing, lying, in adultery, thieving, cheating and tale-bearing; will deal in pod-grains, black magic, sorcery and exorcism. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of abja in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

1) Abja (अब्ज) represents the number 1 (one) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 1—abja] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

2) Abja (अब्ज) refers to a “billion” (1,000,000,000) in various lists of numeral denominations, according to gaṇita (“science of calculation”) and Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—We can definitely say that from the very earliest known times, ten has formed the basis of numeration in India. While the Greeks had no terminology for denominations above the myriad (104), and the Romans above the milk (103), the ancient Hindus dealt freely with no less than eighteen denominations [e.g., abja]. Cf. Yajurveda-saṃhitā (Vājasanyī) XVII.2;  Taittirīya-saṃhitā IV.40.11, VII.2.20.1; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā II.8.14; Kāṭhaka-saṃhitā XVII.10, XXXIX.6; Anuyogadvāra-sūtra 142; Āryabhaṭīya II.2; Triśatikā R.2-3; Gaṇitasārasaṃgraha I.63-68.

Note: According to Nārāyaṇa (1356), Abja is known as Saroja.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

Discover the meaning of abja in the context of Ganitashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Abja (अब्ज) refers to a “lotus”, according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 7.220cd-222]—“[The Yogin] should visualize a second lotus (dvitīya-abja) above him in the great ocean with the power of amṛta as well as a lotus with its full moon mouth pointed downward. In the middle of that, he should visualize haṃsa joined with the bindu and topknot. He should visualize a divine rain of amṛta, falling everywhere and imagine [it to] enter [his body] in the opening above himself [i.e., the path through the center of the body through which the Ātman rises to śakti-tattva]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of abja in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Abja.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘one’. Note: abja is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of abja in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Abja in India is the name of a plant defined with Baccaurea courtallensis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Pierardia macrostachya Wight & Arn. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (DC.) (1866)
· Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. (1912)
· Flora of the British India (1887)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Abja, for example extract dosage, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of abja in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abja (अब्ज).—n S A thousand millions. 2 A lotus.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abja (अब्ज).—n A lotus. Thousand millions.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of abja in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abja (अब्ज).—a. [apsu jāyate, jan-ḍa] Born in or produced from water Manusmṛti 5.112. अब्जेषु चैव रत्नेषु (abjeṣu caiva ratneṣu) 8.1

-bjaḥ 1 The conch; गाण्डीवं व्याक्षिपत्पार्थः कृष्णोऽप्यब्जमवादयत् (gāṇḍīvaṃ vyākṣipatpārthaḥ kṛṣṇo'pyabjamavādayat) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 7. 129.38. (n. also).

2) The moon.

3) Camphor.

4) Name of a tree, Barringtonia Acutangula (nicula).

5) Dhanvantari, physician of the gods, said to be produced at the churning of the ocean along with other jewels. cf. अब्जस्तु निचुले शङ्खे पद्मे धन्वन्तरावपि । वैद्येन्दोरपि (abjastu nicule śaṅkhe padme dhanvantarāvapi | vaidyendorapi) ... Nm.

-bjam 1 A lotus.

2) One thousand millions.

--- OR ---

Abjā (अब्जा).—m. (bjāḥ) Ved. Born in water (P.III.2. 67;VI.4.21.) अब्जा गोजा ऋतजा अद्रिजा ऋतम् (abjā gojā ṛtajā adrijā ṛtam) Ṛgveda 4.4.5. f. A pearl-oyster.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abja (अब्ज).—m.

(-bjaḥ) 1. The moon. 2. A kind of tree, (Barringtonia acutangula.) 3. The physician of the gods. See dhanvantari. mn.

(-bjaḥ-bjaṃ) A conch. n.

(-bjaṃ) 1. A lotus. 2. A large number, a million of millions. E. ab for ap water, and ja who is born; from the situation of the things named, or their production at the churning of the ocean.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abja (अब्ज).—i. e. ap-ja (vb. jan), I. adj., f. , Born or produced in or by water, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 112. Ii. n. A lotus,

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abja (अब्ज).—[adjective] born in water; [neuter] a lotus-flower.

--- OR ---

Abjā (अब्जा).—[adjective] water-born.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abja (अब्ज):—[=ab-ja] mfn. ([from] 2. ap and √jan), born in water

2) [v.s. ...] m. the conch

3) [v.s. ...] the moon

4) [v.s. ...] the tree Barringtonia Acutangula

5) [v.s. ...] Name of Dhanvantari (physician of the gods, produced at the churning of the ocean)

6) [v.s. ...] a son of Viśāla

7) [v.s. ...] n. a lotus

8) [v.s. ...] a milliard (cf. padma).

9) Abjā (अब्जा):—[=ab-jā] [from ab-ja] mfn. born, in water, [Ṛg-veda iv, 40, 5 and vii, 34, 16.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abja (अब्ज):—[tatpurusha compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-bjaḥ-bjā-bjam) Born or produced in, or by, water. 2. m.

(-bjaḥ) 1) The moon.

2) Dhanwantari, the physician of the gods (he having arisen from the ocean when it was churned for the amṛta).

3) A fish.

4) The ratan (Calamus rotang).

5) The name of two other aquatic plants: [a.]) Valisneria octandra; [b.]) Barringtonia acutangula.

6) The proper name of the father of Viśala; see also abjakakubha.

7) (In Arithmetic sometimes used to denote) the numeral 1. Comp. candra. 3. m. n.

(-bjaḥ-bjam) The conch. 4. n.

(-bjam) 1) A lotus; (according to the Sārasvatābhidhāna the white esculent variety; ‘paṅkajakairave’).

2) A large number, a million of millions; Līlavatī: ekadaśaśatasahasrāyutalakṣaprayutakoṭayaḥ kramaśaḥ . arbudamabjaṃ kharvanikharvamahāpadmaśaṅkavastasmāt . jaladhiścāntyaṃ madhyaṃ parārdhamiti daśaguṇottarāḥ saṃjñāḥ . saṃkhyāyāḥ sthānānāṃ vyavahārārthaṃ kṛtāḥ pūrvaiḥ.

3) A sort of collyrium; see rasāñjana. 5. f.

(-bjā) A pearl oyster. [The meanings 2. 3. 4. 5. a., 4. 3. and 5. are given in Sureśvara's Śabdapratīpa, where the word is thus defined: abjaṃ rasāñjane padme striyāṃ śuktau ca puṃsi ca . śaṅkhaśaivalamatsyeṣu vetase rajanīkare.] Compare abjā. E. ap and ja.

--- OR ---

Abjā (अब्जा):—[tatpurusha compound] 1. m.

(-bjāḥ) 1) Born or produced, in, or by, water; a vaidik epithet of Fire (see ahi and comp. ap), and of Āditya or the Sun in the type Dadhikrā, when he is identified with Parabrahman or the universal deity, according to Sāyaṇa, because the Sun is born in the midst of the water; according to Mahīdhara, because he has horses which are born from the waters, or as the Aitareya Brāhmaṇa intimates, on account of the Sun’s apparent rising from the ocean and setting in the same (see Wilson's Ṛgveda vol. 3, p. 200 note).

2) A lotus.

3) The moon. 2. f.

(-bjāḥ) Lakṣmī or Śrī. [The last three meanings are given by the Śabdaratnāvalī where the two E. I. H. Mss., 1512 and 1585, refer the name of Śrī to the masc.; both words abja and abjā are thus explained: abjaḥ śaṅkhe striyāṃ (which must be read striyāṃ) nā tu dhanvantaryambuje triṣu . klīvaṃ padme tathābjāstu padmenduśrīṣvasau pumān; there seems to be no incorrectness in the text of the Mss., for Mathureśa takes now and then the liberties of a versemaker, but a male Śrī appears nevertheless to be a stronger license even than a curtailed dhanvantṛ (loc. dhanvantari) instead of dhanvantari (loc. dhanvantarau).] E. ap and (jan, kṛt aff. viṭ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abja (अब्ज):—(bjaḥ) 1. m. The moon; a conch. n. A lotus.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Abja (अब्ज) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Avaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of abja in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Abja (ಅಬ್ಜ):—

1) [noun] that which is water-born; the lotus.

2) [noun] the large, spiral, univalve shell of any of various marine molluscs; a conch.

3) [noun] the moon, as ocean-born.

4) [noun] a smooth, hard, usually white or bluish-grey, abnormal nacreous growth of various, usually roundish, shapes, formed around a grain of sand, a parasite or other foreign body within the shell of some oysters and certain other bivalve molluscs which is used as a gem; a pearl.

5) [noun] name of the celestial elephant of Indra, the Lord of the gods.

6) [noun] the physician of the gods.

7) [noun] the middle sized, evergreen tree Barringtonia acutangula of Lecythidaceae family, the wood of which is used in boat building; Indian oak.

8) [noun] one thousand million.

9) [noun] the crude camphor.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of abja in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: