Abrahma, Abrahman, Ābrahma, Ābrahmā, Ābrahman: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Abrahma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ābrahmā (आब्रह्मा) means “proceeding from Brahmā” [?], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 1), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Having examined the vast works that have proceeded from writers from Brahmā [i.e., ābrahmā] downwards, I purpose to write a brief work embodying the substance of the same. The task is a pleasing one to me. There was darkness (chaos) in the beginning. Then came water (into existence). On it (floated) a golden-coloured egg, the (divine) seed consisting of the Earth and the Firmament from which there arose Brahmā, the creative agent with the sun and moon for his eyes”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ābrahma (आब्रह्म) refers to “from Brahmā (down to a blade of grass)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.44 (“Menā regains consciousness”).—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu said to Menā: “[...] Whatever is seen in the universe from Brahmā down to a blade of grass (ābrahma-stambaparyanta) is identical with Śiva. Know it. There need not be any hesitation in this matter. He alone, in the course of his divine sport, has incarnated himself in divine form. It was by the fascination of Pārvatī’s penance that He has come to your threshold. Hence, O wife of Himavat, eschew your sorrow. Worship Śiva. You will have great pleasure. All pain will be quelled”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Abrahma in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Ābrahma (आब्रह्म) refers to “from Brahma (on down)”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] By means of an absorption of seven nights, [while] absorbed in the highest reality, the Yogin knows everything from Brahma (ābrahma) [down] and [all] traditional teachings (). [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Abrahma (अब्रह्म) refers to “unchastity”, desisting from which is part of the fivefold vow (vrata) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.1. What is meant by un-chastity (abrahma)? Disposition with lust is un-chastity.

According to the Tattvārthasūtra 7.15, “copulation is unchastity”. What is meant by copulation (maithuna)? It means unchaste (abrahma) or perverted conduct (kuśīla). It is also described as the desire to touch each other (opposite sex) with lust. What is meant by chaste (brahma)? Chaste implies something which develops virtues such as non injury etc. Why is unchaste (abrahma) called as sin? Copulation (maithuna) involves performed once causes injury to nine hundred thousand mobile living beings. A person engaged in copulation causes injury to others (mobile and immobile beings), speaks lies, steals and amasses living and non living possessions. Therefore it is called as sin.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abrahman (अब्रह्मन्).—a.

1) Not accompanied by devotion; wanting in sacred or divine knowledge.

2) Separated from or devoid of Brāhmaṇas; नाब्रह्म क्षत्रमृध्नोति (nābrahma kṣatramṛdhnoti) Manusmṛti 9.322.

 

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ābrahma (आब्रह्म).—ind. Up to or including ब्रह्मन् (brahman); यशोभिराब्रह्मसमं प्रकाशः (yaśobhirābrahmasamaṃ prakāśaḥ) R.18.28.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abrahman (अब्रह्मन्).—adj. without Brāhmaṇas, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 322.

Abrahman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and brahman (ब्रह्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abrahman (अब्रह्मन्).—[masculine] no Brahman; adj. without Brahmans or prayers.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abrahman (अब्रह्मन्):—[=a-brahman] [from a-brahmaṇya] mfn. not a brahman, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] without devotion (brahman), [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] without Brāhmans, [Manu-smṛti ix, 322]

4) [v.s. ...] n. not the brahman, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ābrahma (आब्रह्म):—[=ā-brahma] ind. up to or including Brahman, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abrahman (अब्रह्मन्):—[bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.

(-hmā-hmā-hma) 1) (ved.) Without hymns, unaccompanied by hymns (as libations).

2) (ved.) Not having the bliss of wisdom (comp. abrahmatā).

3) Without Brāhmaṇas; e. g. in Manu: nābrahma kṣatramṛdhnoti nākṣatraṃ brahma vardhate . brahma kṣatraṃ ca saṃpṛktamiha cāmutra vardhate. The word is udātta on the first syllable. E. a priv. and brahman.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Abrahma (अब्रह्म) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Abaṃbha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abrahma in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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