Avaya, Avāya, Avayā, Āvaya: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Avaya means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Avāya (अवाय) refers to “finding out the fact in the case” and represents one of the four classes of m “sense-knowledge” (mati-jñāna) which itself is one of the five types of “right-knowledge” (samyagjñāna), as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:

“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. Among these, exact knowledge which comes from a summary or detailed study of the principles, jīva, etc., is called ‘right-knowledge’ (samyagjñāna). [...] Mati-jñāna is said to be divided into [viz., avāya], etc., and these again into bahu, etc., and originates by means of the senses, and by means of the mind”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra

Avāya (अवाय, “perceptual judgement”) refers to one of the four divisions of sensory knowledge (mati). What is perceptual judgment (avāya)? Knowing an object as it is after ascertaining its peculiarities is perceptual judgment e.g. seeing the movement of wings of the white object, to decide that is a crane.

according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.13, “The function of mati is the cognition with the aid of mind and sense organs through the stages of apprehension /sensation, speculation /discrimination, perceptual judgment (avāya) and retention”.

Source: JAINpedia: Jainism

Avaya (अवय) refers to “gradual arrival at some conclusion” and represents one of the four thought processes relating to perception , as explained in the Nandīsūtra.—Comparable divisions are found in the Tattvārtha-sūtra I.15.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Avāya (अवाय) (Sanksrit: Apāya) refers to “ (reflection on) misfortune” and represents one of the four types of “pure meditation” (sukkajhāṇa), a classification of the “meditation” (Jhāṇa), according to the Sthānāṅga Sūtra chapter 4.1.—The classification of meditation in the Sthānāṅga Sūtra comprises four kinds [e.g. “pure” (sukka/śukla)]. [...] The four reflections that are prescribed for pure meditation (sukkajhāṇa), [e.g., reflection on misfortune (avāya-aṇuppehā/apāya-anuprekṣā), ...].—Cf Aupapātika Sūtra and Bhagavatī (Bhagavaī), also known as the Vyākhyāprajñapti (Viyāhapannatti).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Avaya, only in neg. anavaya. (Page 83)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avayā (अवया).—2 U.

1) To go down, to give way; अवयातां मरुतां हेळो अद्भुतः (avayātāṃ marutāṃ heḷo adbhutaḥ) Ṛgveda 1.94.12.

2) To desist from, turn off or away.

3) To know, understand; अथवा न धर्ममसु- बोधसमयमवयात बालिशाः (athavā na dharmamasu- bodhasamayamavayāta bāliśāḥ) Śiśupālavadha 15.19; न जनोऽयमित्यवयये स तापसैः (na jano'yamityavayaye sa tāpasaiḥ) Kirātārjunīya 12.15.

4) To avert, prevent, remove.

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Avayā (अवया).—a. Ved. Giving way, desisting, ceasing; °हेळः (heḷaḥ) Ved. one whose anger is appeased; भवा मरुद्भिरव- यातहेळाः (bhavā marudbhirava- yātaheḷāḥ) Ṛgveda 1.171.6.

See also (synonyms): avayāta.

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Avāya (अवाय).—[ava-i-ghañ]

1) A limb.

2) Giving way, conceding, complying with.

Derivable forms: avāyaḥ (अवायः).

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Āvaya (आवय).—

1) Coming.

2) One who comes.

3) Name of a country.

-yaḥ, -yā Water (Ved.).

-yam Ved. Nonconception, barrenness; अप्रजास्त्वं मार्तवत्समाद् रोदमघमावयम् (aprajāstvaṃ mārtavatsamād rodamaghamāvayam) Av.8.6.26.

Derivable forms: āvayaḥ (आवयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āvāya (आवाय) or Āvāyya.—ind. Covering, hiding, concealing. E. āṅ before vṛ to screen, lyap aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āvaya (आवय).—[neuter] conception.

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Avayā (अवया).—come down, descend from (ā/ [with] [ablative]); go away, depart; avert, remove.

Avayā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ava and (या).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avaya (अवय):—See śatāvaya.

2) Avayā (अवया):—[=ava-√yā] (perf. 3. [plural] -yayuḥ; p. [genitive case] [plural] -yātām)

2) —to go or come down, [Ṛg-veda i, 94, 12 and 168, 4];

2) — ([Vedic or Veda] [Infinitive mood] ava-yai) to go away (opposed to upa-yai, ‘to come up’), [Ṛg-veda viii, 47, 12];—([Aorist] [subjunctive] -yāsat; Prec. 2. sg. -yāsisīṣṭhāḥ cf. [Pāṇini 3-1, 34] [commentator or commentary]; [Aorist] 1. sg. -ayāsiṣam)

2) —to avert, appease, [Ṛg-veda iv, 1, 4; vi, 66, 5; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā iii, 48.]

3) Avāya (अवाय):—m. (√, i), going down (into water, in [compound]), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

4) ‘yielding’ See an-avāyā.

5) Āvaya (आवय):—n. ([from] 2. a-vī cf. āvi), pangs of childbirth, painful childbirth (?), [Atharva-veda viii, 6, 26]

6) m. arrival, [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary]

7) one who arrives, [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary]

8) Name of a country, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Avāya (अवाय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Avāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Avaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Avaya (अवय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Abja.

2) Avaya (अवय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Avaca.

3) Avāya (अवाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Apāya.

4) Avāya (अवाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Apāya.

5) Avāya (अवाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Apāga.

6) Avāya (अवाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Apāka.

7) Avāya (अवाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Avāya.

8) Avāya (अवाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Apāya.

9) Avāya (अवाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Avāya.

10) Avāya (अवाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Amlāna.

11) Āvaya (आवय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Āvartta.

12) Āvayā (आवया) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Āpagā.

13) Āvayā (आवया) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Āpad.

14) Āvāya (आवाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Āpāta.

15) Āvāya (आवाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Āpāta.

16) Āvāya (आवाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Āvāpa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Avāya (ಅವಾಯ):—[noun] a giving way; conceding; complying.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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