Avaya, aka: Avāya, Avayā, Āvaya; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Avaya means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Avāya (अवाय, “perceptual judgement”) refers to one of the four divisions of sensory knowledge (mati). What is perceptual judgment (avāya)? Knowing an object as it is after ascertaining its peculiarities is perceptual judgment e.g. seeing the movement of wings of the white object, to decide that is a crane.

according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.13, “The function of mati is the cognition with the aid of mind and sense organs through the stages of apprehension /sensation, speculation /discrimination, perceptual judgment (avāya) and retention”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Avaya in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Avaya, only in neg. anavaya. (Page 83)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avayā (अवया).—2 U.

1) To go down, to give way; अवयातां मरुतां हेळो अद्भुतः (avayātāṃ marutāṃ heḷo adbhutaḥ) Rv.1.94.12.

2) To desist from, turn off or away.

3) To know, understand; अथवा न धर्ममसु- बोधसमयमवयात बालिशाः (athavā na dharmamasu- bodhasamayamavayāta bāliśāḥ) Śi.15.19; न जनोऽयमित्यवयये स तापसैः (na jano'yamityavayaye sa tāpasaiḥ) Ki.12.15.

4) To avert, prevent, remove.

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Avayā (अवया).—a. Ved. Giving way, desisting, ceasing; °हेळः (heḷaḥ) Ved. one whose anger is appeased; भवा मरुद्भिरव- यातहेळाः (bhavā marudbhirava- yātaheḷāḥ) Rv.1.171.6.

See also (synonyms): avayāta.

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Avāya (अवाय).—[ava-i-ghañ]

1) A limb.

2) Giving way, conceding, complying with.

Derivable forms: avāyaḥ (अवायः).

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Āvaya (आवय).—

1) Coming.

2) One who comes.

3) Name of a country.

-yaḥ, -yā Water (Ved.).

-yam Ved. Nonconception, barrenness; अप्रजास्त्वं मार्तवत्समाद् रोदमघमावयम् (aprajāstvaṃ mārtavatsamād rodamaghamāvayam) Av.8.6.26.

Derivable forms: āvayaḥ (आवयः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Avayāta (अवयात).—a. Ved. Giving way, desisting, ceasing; °हेळः (heḷaḥ) Ved. one whose anger is ...

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