Abhijna, Abhijña, Abhijñā: 9 definitions

Introduction

Abhijna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा) (or Abhiññā in Pali) refers to the “six superknowledges”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIII.—The superknowledges (Sanskrit, abhijñā; Pāli, abhiññā; Chinese, t’ong or chen-t’ong; Tibetan, mṅon par śes pa) are six in number and are usually presented in the following order:

  1. ṛddhividhi-jñāna or ṛddhiviṣaya-jñāna, the knowledge of magical processes.
  2. divyaśrotra-jñāna, divine hearing.
  3. cetaḥparyāya-jñāna, also called paracitta-jñāna, the knowledge of another’s mind.
  4. pūrvanivāsānusmṛti-jñāna, the memory of one’s former abodes (or existences).
  5. cyutupapāda-jñāna, the knowledge of the death and rebirth of beings, also called divyacakṣus, the divine eye.
  6. āsravakṣaya-jñāna, the knowledge of the destruction of the impurities.

Abhijñā (superknowledges) and Vidyā (knowledges) differences are defined in Chapter IV:—1) The abhijñā knows the previous past existences, the vidyā knows the past actions that are the cause. 2) The abhijñā knows that such and such a being will die here and be reborn there, the vidyā recognizes in these deaths and rebirths the unfailing result of the actions (carita) that are its cause (hetupratyaya). 3) The abhijñā knows that such and such a being has destroyed the fetters (saṃyojana), but does not know if he will be reborn again or will never be reborn again; the vidyā knows that once the impurities (āsravakṣaya) have been destroyed, one is no longer reborn.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—a S Skilful in; knowing thoroughly; erudite; well versed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—a Skilful in, well-versed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा).—9 U.

1) To recognize, discern; () नाभ्यजानान्नलं नृपम् (nābhyajānānnalaṃ nṛpam) Mb.

2) To know, understand, be acquainted with, be aware of, perceive; अहं हि नाभिजानाभि भवेदेवं न वेति वा (ahaṃ hi nābhijānābhi bhavedevaṃ na veti vā) Mb.; Bg.18.55,4.14;7.13; भवदभिज्ञातं कथयतु (bhavadabhijñātaṃ kathayatu) Dk.3,78.

3) To look upon, consider or regard as, know to be.

4) To admit, own, acknowledge; न पुत्रम- भिजानामि त्वयि जातम् (na putrama- bhijānāmi tvayi jātam) Mb.

5) To remember, recollect; used with the Future instead of the Imperfect. Imperfect with यत् (yat), or both when interdependence of two actions is denoted, P.III.2.112,114; cf. Bk.6.138,139.

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Abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—a. [jñā-kra]

1) Knowing, aware of, one who understands or is acquainted with, experiencing or having had experience of (with gen. or loc. in comp.); कान्तारवनदुर्गाणामभिज्ञा (kāntāravanadurgāṇāmabhijñā) Rām.4.39.28. यद्वा कौशलमिन्द्रसूनुदमने तत्राप्यभिज्ञो जनः (yadvā kauśalamindrasūnudamane tatrāpyabhijño janaḥ) U.5.34; अभिज्ञाच्छेदपातानां क्रियन्ते नन्दनद्रुमाः (abhijñācchedapātānāṃ kriyante nandanadrumāḥ) Ku.2.41, Me.16; R.7.64; अनभिज्ञो भवान्सेवाधर्मस्य (anabhijño bhavānsevādharmasya) Pt.1.

2) Skilled in, conversant with, proficient, skilful, clever; यदि त्वमीदृशः कथायामभिज्ञः (yadi tvamīdṛśaḥ kathāyāmabhijñaḥ) U.4., see अनभिज्ञ (anabhijña) also.

-jñaḥ Brahmā, The Almighty; देहाद्यपार्थमसदन्त्यमभिज्ञमात्रं विन्देत ते तर्हि सर्वमनीषितार्थम् (dehādyapārthamasadantyamabhijñamātraṃ vindeta te tarhi sarvamanīṣitārtham) Bhāg.12.8.44.

-jñā 1 Recognition.

2) Remembrance, recollection; अभिज्ञावचने लृट् (abhijñāvacane lṛṭ) P.III. 2.112.

3) A supernatural faculty or power of which five kinds are usually mentioned:(1) taking any form at will; (2) hearing to any distance; (3) seeing to any distance; (4) penetrating men's thoughts; (5) knowing their state and antecedents. Monier Williams. cf. नामस्मृत्योरभिज्ञा स्यात् (nāmasmṛtyorabhijñā syāt) Nm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा).—(= Pali abhiññā), higher or supernatural knowledge; intuition (Critical Pali Dictionary). There are 5 or 6, in both Pali and [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit], agreeing in essence tho the order and precise forms of the names vary. In Dharmasaṃgraha 20, five: divyacakṣus, divyaśrotra, paracittajñāna, pūrvanivāsānusmṛti, ṛddhi; in Mahāvyutpatti 201—209 six, same order, with variant forms, (parasya) cetaḥ- (citta-)-paryāya- (q.v.)-jñāna, for the third; the sixth is āśravakṣayajñāna, as in Pali and else- where when 6 are named; the fifth is ṛddhividhijñāna in Mahāvyutpatti 208; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 134.11 lists 5, practically as in Dharmasaṃgraha except that the fifth is ṛddhivimokṣakriyā, an unusual phrase, for which no v.l. is given in KN or WT; Burnouf (Lotus App. XIV, p. 821) cites his ms. as reading ṛddhi- sākṣātkriyā, which is much more plausible. Twenty abhijñā-karmāṇi are set forth in detail Mahāvyutpatti 210—230. In Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 292.13—16 the abhijñā, collectively, are classified as to their origin in four ways (in l. 16 read with Suzuki Transl. 242 n. 1 te 'bhijñā na vipākajāḥ). References to five abhijñā: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 12.4; 141.9; 254.14; Mahāvastu i.284.3; ii.33.11; in ii.96.1 attributed to brahmanical, non-Buddhist ṛṣis; Divyāvadāna 321.3; Śikṣāsamuccaya 243.13 (read pañco, see p. 412, note) etc.; six, Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 90.7; 129.10; 150.2; 155.2; 255.4; 272.6; Mahāvastu iii.55.5 ff.; Divyāvadāna 399.27, etc.; note Mahāvastu i.165.12 where ‘by abhijñā’ (abhijñāye) the Buddha attains knowledge of the Doctrine taught of old by other Buddhas; this certainly does not mean memory, compare s.v. abhijānāti, which is commonly but wrongly rendered remembers in similar contexts; mahā- bhijñā- Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 66.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—mfn.

(-jñaḥ-jñā-jñaṃ) 1. Skilful, clever. 2. One who knows or understands. E. abhi, and jña who knows, from jñā to know, ka affix leaving a; ā is dropped.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—[abhi-jña] (vb. jñā), adj., f. jñā, Knowing, conversant with, Rājat, 5, 383.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा):—[=abhi-√jñā] a -jānāti, nīte, to recognize, perceive, know, be or become aware of;

—to acknowledge, agree to, own;

—to remember (either with the [future]p. or with yad and [imperfect tense]), [Pāṇini 2-2, 112 seqq.; Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

2) Abhijña (अभिज्ञ):—[=abhi-jña] [from abhi-jñā] mf(ā)n. knowing, skilful, clever

3) [v.s. ...] understanding, conversant with ([genitive case] or ifc.)

4) Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा):—[=abhi-jñā] [from abhi-jña] b f. remembrance, recollection, [Pāṇini 3-2, 112]

5) [v.s. ...] supernatural science or faculty of a Buddha (of which five or six are enumerated, viz. 1. taking any form at will; 2. hearing to any distance; 3. seeing to any distance; 4. penetrating men’s thoughts; 5. knowing their state and antecedents). cf. ṣaḍ-abh°, p. 1109

6) Abhijña (अभिज्ञ):—[=abhi-jña] [from abhi-jñā] [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] °jñati, to become wise, [Kulārṇava-tantra]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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