Abhijna, Abhijña, Abhijñā: 19 definitions


Abhijna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Abhigya.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Abhijna in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Abhijña (अभिज्ञ) refers to “being acquainted with”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 226).—There are apparently several Tantric rites that Bāṇa pejoratively associates with the priest: [...] “his collection of practices for mastering mantras for invisibility had grown”; “he was acquainted with (abhijña) a hundred tales about the marvels of the Śrīparvata mountain”; “his ear-cavities were punched by those possessed by Piśāca-demons, who had run to him when struck by white mustard seed he had empowered with mantras more than once”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Abhijna in Arts glossary
Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा) refers to “she who is knowledgable with” (the fine arts), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “[...] It has been said that there are eighteen addictions. These are the outcome of the desire for earthly enjovments. [...] Wise men speak of that wife as a wife who has auspicious marks and who knows the fine arts (kalā-abhijñā), who is clever, who is loved by her husband, and who is young and modest. She is the chief instrument in attaining the three objects of life, and she is the distinguishing feature of domestic life. She looks after the children and the utensils and other articles of the household, and she charms the mind. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा) (or Abhiññā in Pali) refers to the “six superknowledges”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIII.—The superknowledges (Sanskrit, abhijñā; Pāli, abhiññā; Chinese, t’ong or chen-t’ong; Tibetan, mṅon par śes pa) are six in number and are usually presented in the following order:

  1. ṛddhividhi-jñāna or ṛddhiviṣaya-jñāna, the knowledge of magical processes.
  2. divyaśrotra-jñāna, divine hearing.
  3. cetaḥparyāya-jñāna, also called paracitta-jñāna, the knowledge of another’s mind.
  4. pūrvanivāsānusmṛti-jñāna, the memory of one’s former abodes (or existences).
  5. cyutupapāda-jñāna, the knowledge of the death and rebirth of beings, also called divyacakṣus, the divine eye.
  6. āsravakṣaya-jñāna, the knowledge of the destruction of the impurities.

Abhijñā (superknowledges) and Vidyā (knowledges) differences are defined in Chapter IV:—1) The abhijñā knows the previous past existences, the vidyā knows the past actions that are the cause. 2) The abhijñā knows that such and such a being will die here and be reborn there, the vidyā recognizes in these deaths and rebirths the unfailing result of the actions (carita) that are its cause (hetupratyaya). 3) The abhijñā knows that such and such a being has destroyed the fetters (saṃyojana), but does not know if he will be reborn again or will never be reborn again; the vidyā knows that once the impurities (āsravakṣaya) have been destroyed, one is no longer reborn.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा) refers to “supernormal knowledge”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly as The Lord said: “Śāriputra, the Tathāgata Ekaratnavyūha, seating in the lion’s throne thus, explained the dharma-seal called Gaganapariśuddhi to these Bodhisattvas, which has thirty-two aspects of entrance. What is this Dharma-seal (dharmamudrā) called Gaganapariśuddhi which has thirty-two aspects of entrance? [...] In this way, Śāriputra, the Tathāgata Ekaratnavyūha elucidated the Dharma-seal called Gaganapariśuddhi to the Bodhisattvas, which has thirty-two aspects of entrance. Having heard that, innumerable Bodhisattvas attained the mastery of all dharmas and tolerance (kṣānti) in pure consciousness obtained by supernormal knowledge (abhijñā)”

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—a S Skilful in; knowing thoroughly; erudite; well versed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—a Skilful in, well-versed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा).—9 U.

1) To recognize, discern; () नाभ्यजानान्नलं नृपम् (nābhyajānānnalaṃ nṛpam) Mb.

2) To know, understand, be acquainted with, be aware of, perceive; अहं हि नाभिजानाभि भवेदेवं न वेति वा (ahaṃ hi nābhijānābhi bhavedevaṃ na veti vā) Mb.; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 18.55,4.14;7.13; भवदभिज्ञातं कथयतु (bhavadabhijñātaṃ kathayatu) Daśakumāracarita 3,78.

3) To look upon, consider or regard as, know to be.

4) To admit, own, acknowledge; न पुत्रम- भिजानामि त्वयि जातम् (na putrama- bhijānāmi tvayi jātam) Mb.

5) To remember, recollect; used with the Future instead of the Imperfect. Imperfect with यत् (yat), or both when interdependence of two actions is denoted, P.III.2.112,114; cf. Bhaṭṭikāvya 6.138,139.

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Abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—a. [jñā-kra]

1) Knowing, aware of, one who understands or is acquainted with, experiencing or having had experience of (with gen. or loc. in comp.); कान्तारवनदुर्गाणामभिज्ञा (kāntāravanadurgāṇāmabhijñā) Rām.4.39.28. यद्वा कौशलमिन्द्रसूनुदमने तत्राप्यभिज्ञो जनः (yadvā kauśalamindrasūnudamane tatrāpyabhijño janaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 5.34; अभिज्ञाच्छेदपातानां क्रियन्ते नन्दनद्रुमाः (abhijñācchedapātānāṃ kriyante nandanadrumāḥ) Kumārasambhava 2.41, Meghadūta 16; R.7.64; अनभिज्ञो भवान्सेवाधर्मस्य (anabhijño bhavānsevādharmasya) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.

2) Skilled in, conversant with, proficient, skilful, clever; यदि त्वमीदृशः कथायामभिज्ञः (yadi tvamīdṛśaḥ kathāyāmabhijñaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 4., see अनभिज्ञ (anabhijña) also.

-jñaḥ Brahmā, The Almighty; देहाद्यपार्थमसदन्त्यमभिज्ञमात्रं विन्देत ते तर्हि सर्वमनीषितार्थम् (dehādyapārthamasadantyamabhijñamātraṃ vindeta te tarhi sarvamanīṣitārtham) Bhāgavata 12.8.44.

-jñā 1 Recognition.

2) Remembrance, recollection; अभिज्ञावचने लृट् (abhijñāvacane lṛṭ) P.III. 2.112.

3) A supernatural faculty or power of which five kinds are usually mentioned:(1) taking any form at will; (2) hearing to any distance; (3) seeing to any distance; (4) penetrating men's thoughts; (5) knowing their state and antecedents. Monier Williams. cf. नामस्मृत्योरभिज्ञा स्यात् (nāmasmṛtyorabhijñā syāt) Nm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा).—(= Pali abhiññā), higher or supernatural knowledge; intuition (Critical Pali Dictionary). There are 5 or 6, in both Pali and [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit], agreeing in essence tho the order and precise forms of the names vary. In Dharmasaṃgraha 20, five: divyacakṣus, divyaśrotra, paracittajñāna, pūrvanivāsānusmṛti, ṛddhi; in Mahāvyutpatti 201—209 six, same order, with variant forms, (parasya) cetaḥ- (citta-)-paryāya- (q.v.)-jñāna, for the third; the sixth is āśravakṣayajñāna, as in Pali and else- where when 6 are named; the fifth is ṛddhividhijñāna in Mahāvyutpatti 208; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 134.11 lists 5, practically as in Dharmasaṃgraha except that the fifth is ṛddhivimokṣakriyā, an unusual phrase, for which no v.l. is given in KN or WT; Burnouf (Lotus App. XIV, p. 821) cites his ms. as reading ṛddhi- sākṣātkriyā, which is much more plausible. Twenty abhijñā-karmāṇi are set forth in detail Mahāvyutpatti 210—230. In Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 292.13—16 the abhijñā, collectively, are classified as to their origin in four ways (in l. 16 read with Suzuki Transl. 242 n. 1 te 'bhijñā na vipākajāḥ). References to five abhijñā: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 12.4; 141.9; 254.14; Mahāvastu i.284.3; ii.33.11; in ii.96.1 attributed to brahmanical, non-Buddhist ṛṣis; Divyāvadāna 321.3; Śikṣāsamuccaya 243.13 (read pañco, see p. 412, note) etc.; six, Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 90.7; 129.10; 150.2; 155.2; 255.4; 272.6; Mahāvastu iii.55.5 ff.; Divyāvadāna 399.27, etc.; note Mahāvastu i.165.12 where ‘by abhijñā’ (abhijñāye) the Buddha attains knowledge of the Doctrine taught of old by other Buddhas; this certainly does not mean memory, compare s.v. abhijānāti, which is commonly but wrongly rendered remembers in similar contexts; mahā- bhijñā- Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 66.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—mfn.

(-jñaḥ-jñā-jñaṃ) 1. Skilful, clever. 2. One who knows or understands. E. abhi, and jña who knows, from jñā to know, ka affix leaving a; ā is dropped.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—[abhi-jña] (vb. jñā), adj., f. jñā, Knowing, conversant with, Rājat, 5, 383.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—[adjective] knowing, understanding, acquainted with, skilled in ([genetive] or —°). [feminine] ā remembrance, recollection.

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Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा).—perceive, notice, understand, know; acknowledge as, think that (2 [accusative]), concede, grant; agree, approve.

Abhijñā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms abhi and jñā (ज्ञा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा):—[=abhi-√jñā] a -jānāti, nīte, to recognize, perceive, know, be or become aware of;

—to acknowledge, agree to, own;

—to remember (either with the [future]p. or with yad and [imperfect tense]), [Pāṇini 2-2, 112 seqq.; Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

2) Abhijña (अभिज्ञ):—[=abhi-jña] [from abhi-jñā] mf(ā)n. knowing, skilful, clever

3) [v.s. ...] understanding, conversant with ([genitive case] or ifc.)

4) Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा):—[=abhi-jñā] [from abhi-jña] b f. remembrance, recollection, [Pāṇini 3-2, 112]

5) [v.s. ...] supernatural science or faculty of a Buddha (of which five or six are enumerated, viz. 1. taking any form at will; 2. hearing to any distance; 3. seeing to any distance; 4. penetrating men’s thoughts; 5. knowing their state and antecedents). cf. ṣaḍ-abh°, p. 1109

6) Abhijña (अभिज्ञ):—[=abhi-jña] [from abhi-jñā] [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] °jñati, to become wise, [Kulārṇava-tantra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijña (अभिज्ञ):—[tatpurusha compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-jñaḥ-jñā-jñam) Knowing, under-standing, conversant with, skilled in; e. g. Sāṅkhyat. Kaum.: iṣṭāpūrtena dākṣiṇaḥ puruṣatatvānabhijño hīṣṭāpūrtakārī kāmopahatamanā vadhyate; or Bhaṭṭik.: indrajidvikramābhijño manvāno vānaraṃ jitam…agāt &c.; when not compounded with a preceding noun, the object of knowledge stands in the genit. or locat.; thus the comm. of the Bhaṭṭik. explain viyogaduḥkhānubhāvānabhijñaiḥ, viyogaduḥkhasya yonubhavaḥ . anubhavanam . tasyānabhijñaiḥ or tatrānabhijñaiḥ. E. jñā with abhi, kṛt aff. ka. 2. f.

(-jñā) 1) Remembrance, recollection (Kāśikā: = smṛtiḥ); e. g. Bhaṭṭik.: nābhijñā te mahārāja jeṣyāvaḥ śakrapālitam…nābhijñā te sayakṣendraṃ bhakṣyāvo yadyamaṃ balāt; or Lalitav.: dhyānapāramitādharmālokamukhaṃ sarvajñānābhijñotpādāya vikṣiptacittasattvaparipācanatāyai saṃvartate.

2) (In Buddhistic doctrine.) Supernatural knowledge, a supernatural faculty attached to the Arhatship; there are five, or according to some six, such faculties viz. 1. the faculty of divine sight, i. e. the faculty of seeing, without obstacle, all beings and bodies, of whatever kind, in the totality of the worlds; 2. that of divine hearing, i. e. the faculty of understanding all words of joy or grief uttered by the beings, and all sounds of whatever kind uttered in all the worlds (or ‘the power to hear all sounds whether distant or near, whether made by devas or men’: Spence Hardy's Eastern Monachism); 3. that of knowing the thoughts of other beings; 4. that of knowing former existences or what births have been got in former ages; 5. magic power or the power to assume any shape, to pass without obstacle over seas and mountains, and to disappear from one world for the sake of reappearing in another; to these some add: 6. āśravakshaya, (which according to Burnouf probably means) the power of destroying defects or vices. (See Burnouf's Lotus de la bonne loi p. 820 seqq.; there is a difference between this enumeration and that of Hardy in his Eastern Monachism (p. 284): he has but five abhijnās, identifies the magic power and the āśravakṣaya without defining however either term, omits the first (the faculty of divine sight) and has an abhijnā not named by Burnouf: the power of knowing what births will be received in future ages). Compare ṣaḍabhijña. E. jñā with abhi, kṛt aff. aṅ; (but meaning 2. is probably better analyzed abhi and jñā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijña (अभिज्ञ):—[abhi-jña] (jñaḥ-jñā-jñaṃ) a. Skilful.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Abhijāṇa, Abhiṇṇa, Ahijāṇa, Ahijja, Ahijjaga, Ahiṇṇu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhijna in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhijna in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Abhijña (अभिज्ञ) [Also spelled abhigya]:—(a) well-conversant (with), knowing all (about something); ~[] conversance, familiarity; knowledge.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Abhijña (ಅಭಿಜ್ಞ):—[noun] a man who has expert knowledge and keen discrimination in some field or in matters of taste; a connoisseur.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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