Abhijna, aka: Abhijña, Abhijñā; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Abhijna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा) (or Abhiññā in Pali) refers to the “six superknowledges”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIII.—The superknowledges (Sanskrit, abhijñā; Pāli, abhiññā; Chinese, t’ong or chen-t’ong; Tibetan, mṅon par śes pa) are six in number and are usually presented in the following order:

  1. ṛddhividhi-jñāna or ṛddhiviṣaya-jñāna, the knowledge of magical processes.
  2. divyaśrotra-jñāna, divine hearing.
  3. cetaḥparyāya-jñāna, also called paracitta-jñāna, the knowledge of another’s mind.
  4. pūrvanivāsānusmṛti-jñāna, the memory of one’s former abodes (or existences).
  5. cyutupapāda-jñāna, the knowledge of the death and rebirth of beings, also called divyacakṣus, the divine eye.
  6. āsravakṣaya-jñāna, the knowledge of the destruction of the impurities.

Abhijñā (superknowledges) and Vidyā (knowledges) differences are defined in Chapter IV:—1) The abhijñā knows the previous past existences, the vidyā knows the past actions that are the cause. 2) The abhijñā knows that such and such a being will die here and be reborn there, the vidyā recognizes in these deaths and rebirths the unfailing result of the actions (carita) that are its cause (hetupratyaya). 3) The abhijñā knows that such and such a being has destroyed the fetters (saṃyojana), but does not know if he will be reborn again or will never be reborn again; the vidyā knows that once the impurities (āsravakṣaya) have been destroyed, one is no longer reborn.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Abhijna in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—a S Skilful in; knowing thoroughly; erudite; well versed.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—a Skilful in, well-versed.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा).—9 U.

1) To recognize, discern; () नाभ्यजानान्नलं नृपम् (nābhyajānānnalaṃ nṛpam) Mb.

2) To know, understand, be acquainted with, be aware of, perceive; अहं हि नाभिजानाभि भवेदेवं न वेति वा (ahaṃ hi nābhijānābhi bhavedevaṃ na veti vā) Mb.; Bg.18.55,4.14;7.13; भवदभिज्ञातं कथयतु (bhavadabhijñātaṃ kathayatu) Dk.3,78.

3) To look upon, consider or regard as, know to be.

4) To admit, own, acknowledge; न पुत्रम- भिजानामि त्वयि जातम् (na putrama- bhijānāmi tvayi jātam) Mb.

5) To remember, recollect; used with the Future instead of the Imperfect. Imperfect with यत् (yat), or both when interdependence of two actions is denoted, P.III.2.112,114; cf. Bk.6.138,139.

--- OR ---

Abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—a. [jñā-kra]

1) Knowing, aware of, one who understands or is acquainted with, experiencing or having had experience of (with gen. or loc. in comp.); कान्तारवनदुर्गाणामभिज्ञा (kāntāravanadurgāṇāmabhijñā) Rām.4.39.28. यद्वा कौशलमिन्द्रसूनुदमने तत्राप्यभिज्ञो जनः (yadvā kauśalamindrasūnudamane tatrāpyabhijño janaḥ) U.5.34; अभिज्ञाच्छेदपातानां क्रियन्ते नन्दनद्रुमाः (abhijñācchedapātānāṃ kriyante nandanadrumāḥ) Ku.2.41, Me.16; R.7.64; अनभिज्ञो भवान्सेवाधर्मस्य (anabhijño bhavānsevādharmasya) Pt.1.

2) Skilled in, conversant with, proficient, skilful, clever; यदि त्वमीदृशः कथायामभिज्ञः (yadi tvamīdṛśaḥ kathāyāmabhijñaḥ) U.4., see अनभिज्ञ (anabhijña) also.

-jñaḥ Brahmā, The Almighty; देहाद्यपार्थमसदन्त्यमभिज्ञमात्रं विन्देत ते तर्हि सर्वमनीषितार्थम् (dehādyapārthamasadantyamabhijñamātraṃ vindeta te tarhi sarvamanīṣitārtham) Bhāg.12.8.44.

-jñā 1 Recognition.

2) Remembrance, recollection; अभिज्ञावचने लृट् (abhijñāvacane lṛṭ) P.III. 2.112.

3) A supernatural faculty or power of which five kinds are usually mentioned:(1) taking any form at will; (2) hearing to any distance; (3) seeing to any distance; (4) penetrating men's thoughts; (5) knowing their state and antecedents. Monier Williams. cf. नामस्मृत्योरभिज्ञा स्यात् (nāmasmṛtyorabhijñā syāt) Nm.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Pancabhijna
Pañcābhijñā (पञ्चाभिज्ञा) refers to the “five deep knowledges” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgrah...
Shastrabhijna
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Yadricchabhijna
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Riddhyabhijna
Ṛddhyabhijñā (ऋद्ध्यभिज्ञा) or simply Ṛddhi refers to “the superknowledge of magical powers” an...
Abhinna
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Riddhi
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Traividya
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Adhishthana
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Nikaya
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Upapada
Upapada (उपपद).—n. (-daṃ) 1. Small, diminutive. 2. The subsidiary term in a compound word. 3. T...
Prasenajit
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