Abhijna, aka: Abhijña, Abhijñā; 5 Definition(s)
Abhijna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा) (or Abhiññā in Pali) refers to the “six superknowledges”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIII.—The superknowledges (Sanskrit, abhijñā; Pāli, abhiññā; Chinese, t’ong or chen-t’ong; Tibetan, mṅon par śes pa) are six in number and are usually presented in the following order:
- ṛddhividhi-jñāna or ṛddhiviṣaya-jñāna, the knowledge of magical processes.
- divyaśrotra-jñāna, divine hearing.
- cetaḥparyāya-jñāna, also called paracitta-jñāna, the knowledge of another’s mind.
- pūrvanivāsānusmṛti-jñāna, the memory of one’s former abodes (or existences).
- cyutupapāda-jñāna, the knowledge of the death and rebirth of beings, also called divyacakṣus, the divine eye.
- āsravakṣaya-jñāna, the knowledge of the destruction of the impurities.
Abhijñā (superknowledges) and Vidyā (knowledges) differences are defined in Chapter IV:—1) The abhijñā knows the previous past existences, the vidyā knows the past actions that are the cause. 2) The abhijñā knows that such and such a being will die here and be reborn there, the vidyā recognizes in these deaths and rebirths the unfailing result of the actions (carita) that are its cause (hetupratyaya). 3) The abhijñā knows that such and such a being has destroyed the fetters (saṃyojana), but does not know if he will be reborn again or will never be reborn again; the vidyā knows that once the impurities (āsravakṣaya) have been destroyed, one is no longer reborn.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—a S Skilful in; knowing thoroughly; erudite; well versed.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—a Skilful in, well-versed.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Abhijñā (अभिज्ञा).—9 U.
1) To recognize, discern; (sā) नाभ्यजानान्नलं नृपम् (nābhyajānānnalaṃ nṛpam) Mb.
2) To know, understand, be acquainted with, be aware of, perceive; अहं हि नाभिजानाभि भवेदेवं न वेति वा (ahaṃ hi nābhijānābhi bhavedevaṃ na veti vā) Mb.; Bg.18.55,4.14;7.13; भवदभिज्ञातं कथयतु (bhavadabhijñātaṃ kathayatu) Dk.3,78.
3) To look upon, consider or regard as, know to be.
4) To admit, own, acknowledge; न पुत्रम- भिजानामि त्वयि जातम् (na putrama- bhijānāmi tvayi jātam) Mb.
5) To remember, recollect; used with the Future instead of the Imperfect. Imperfect with यत् (yat), or both when interdependence of two actions is denoted, P.III.2.112,114; cf. Bk.6.138,139.
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Abhijña (अभिज्ञ).—a. [jñā-kra]
1) Knowing, aware of, one who understands or is acquainted with, experiencing or having had experience of (with gen. or loc. in comp.); कान्तारवनदुर्गाणामभिज्ञा (kāntāravanadurgāṇāmabhijñā) Rām.4.39.28. यद्वा कौशलमिन्द्रसूनुदमने तत्राप्यभिज्ञो जनः (yadvā kauśalamindrasūnudamane tatrāpyabhijño janaḥ) U.5.34; अभिज्ञाच्छेदपातानां क्रियन्ते नन्दनद्रुमाः (abhijñācchedapātānāṃ kriyante nandanadrumāḥ) Ku.2.41, Me.16; R.7.64; अनभिज्ञो भवान्सेवाधर्मस्य (anabhijño bhavānsevādharmasya) Pt.1.
2) Skilled in, conversant with, proficient, skilful, clever; यदि त्वमीदृशः कथायामभिज्ञः (yadi tvamīdṛśaḥ kathāyāmabhijñaḥ) U.4., see अनभिज्ञ (anabhijña) also.
-jñaḥ Brahmā, The Almighty; देहाद्यपार्थमसदन्त्यमभिज्ञमात्रं विन्देत ते तर्हि सर्वमनीषितार्थम् (dehādyapārthamasadantyamabhijñamātraṃ vindeta te tarhi sarvamanīṣitārtham) Bhāg.12.8.44.
-jñā 1 Recognition.
2) Remembrance, recollection; अभिज्ञावचने लृट् (abhijñāvacane lṛṭ) P.III. 2.112.
3) A supernatural faculty or power of which five kinds are usually mentioned:(1) taking any form at will; (2) hearing to any distance; (3) seeing to any distance; (4) penetrating men's thoughts; (5) knowing their state and antecedents. Monier Williams. cf. नामस्मृत्योरभिज्ञा स्यात् (nāmasmṛtyorabhijñā syāt) Nm.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 9 books and stories containing Abhijna, Abhijña or Abhijñā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.6.361 < [Chapter 6 - Abhīṣṭa-lābha: The Attainment of All Desires]
Verse 1.2.13 < [Chapter 2 - Divya: In Heaven]
Verse 1.3.32 < [Chapter 3 - Prapancatita: Beyond the Material World]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
II. Order of the superknowledges < [Part 1 - Becoming established in the six superknowledges]
I. The knowledge of knowing another’s mind (paracittajñāna) < [Part 2 - Distinguishing the movements of mind of all beings]
Preliminary note (2): The abhijñās in the Abhidharma < [Part 1 - Becoming established in the six superknowledges]
Isha Upanishad (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Abhidharmakośa (by Vasubandhu)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 8 - Ajñāna and Ego-hood (ahaṃkāra) < [Chapter XXIX-XXX - Controversy Between the Dualists and the Monists]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter XI - The fourth Bhūmi < [Volume I]
Chapter VII - The ordination of Mahā-Kāśyapa < [Volume III]
Chapter VIII - The conversion of Śāriputra and Maudgalyāyana < [Volume III]