Abhijana, Abhijāna, Ābhijana: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Abhijana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Abhijana in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Abhijana (अभिजन) refers to “one’s native country” and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 11.51.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhijana in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Abhijāna, (nt. or m?) (Sk. abhijñāna) recognition, remembrance, recollection Miln.78. See also abhiññā. (Page 63)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhijana (अभिजन).—n S Native country. 2 Family or race.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abhijana (अभिजन).—n Family, race, lineage, extrac- tion or descent. High or noble descent. noble birth or family.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhijana (अभिजन).—(a)

1) A family, race, lineage; कलहंसकादभिजनं ज्ञात्वा (kalahaṃsakādabhijanaṃ jñātvā) Māl.8; नाभिजनमीक्षते (nābhijanamīkṣate) K.14; पतिं त्यक्त्वा देवं भुवनपतिमुच्चैरभिजनम् (patiṃ tyaktvā devaṃ bhuvanapatimuccairabhijanam) Mu.6.6; Ms.4.18; Dk.135,17; U.4. (b) Birth, extraction, descent; तुल्याभिजनेषु भूमिभरेषु (tulyābhijaneṣu bhūmibhareṣu) (dhareṣu ?) राज्ञां वृत्तिः (rājñāṃ vṛttiḥ) M.1; Ms.1.1; Y.1.123.

2) High or noble descent, noble birth or family; तान्गुणान्संप्रधार्याहमग्र्यं चाभिजनं तव (tānguṇānsaṃpradhāryāhamagryaṃ cābhijanaṃ tava) Rām.4.17.2; स्तुतं तन्माहात्म्यं यदभिजनतो यच्च गुणतः (stutaṃ tanmāhātmyaṃ yadabhijanato yacca guṇataḥ) Māl.2.13; शीलं शैलतटात्पत- त्वभिजनः संदह्यतां वह्निना (śīlaṃ śailataṭātpata- tvabhijanaḥ saṃdahyatāṃ vahninā) Bh.2.39. M.5.

3) Forefathers, ancestors; अभिजनाः पूर्वे बान्धवाः (abhijanāḥ pūrve bāndhavāḥ) Kāśi. on P.IV.3.9; also descendants.

4) Native country, motherland, ancestral abode (opp. nivāsa); cf. Sk. on P.IV.3.9 यत्र स्वयं वसति स निवासः (yatra svayaṃ vasati sa nivāsaḥ) (yatra saṃprati uṣyate Mahābhārata ); यत्र पूर्वैरुषितं सोऽभिजनः इति विवेकः (yatra pūrvairuṣitaṃ so'bhijanaḥ iti vivekaḥ)

5) Fame, celebrity.

6) The head or ornament of family; यद्विद्वानपि तादृशेऽप्यभिजने धर्म्यात्पथो विच्युतः (yadvidvānapi tādṛśe'pyabhijane dharmyātpatho vicyutaḥ) Mv.1.33.

7) Attendants, retinue (parijana q. v.); वयसा शास्त्रतो धैर्यात् कुलेनाभिजनेन च (vayasā śāstrato dhairyāt kulenābhijanena ca) Mb.5.12.15.

Derivable forms: abhijanaḥ (अभिजनः).

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Ābhijana (आभिजन).—a. (- f.) [अभिजन-अण् (abhijana-aṇ)] Relating to birth (ābhijana), patronymic (as a name); तां पार्वतीत्याभिजनेन नाम्ना (tāṃ pārvatītyābhijanena nāmnā) Ku.1.26.

-nam Nobility or loftiness of birth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijana (अभिजन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. Family, race. 2. Native country. 3. The head, or ornament of a family. 4. Fame, notoriety. E. abhi before jana who is born, from jana to be born, ghañ affix, the vowel remaining short.

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Ābhijana (आभिजन).—n.

(-naṃ) Loftiness of birth. E. abhijana family, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijana (अभिजन).—[abhi-jan + a], m. 1. Race, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 48, 18. 2. Family, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 87, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijana (अभिजन).—[masculine] origin, race, family. ancestors, vant = seq. adj.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhijana (अभिजन):—[=abhi-jana] [from abhi-jan] m. family, race

2) [v.s. ...] descendants

3) [v.s. ...] ancestors

4) [v.s. ...] noble descent

5) [v.s. ...] the head or ornament of a family, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] native country, [Pāṇini 4-3, 90]

7) [v.s. ...] fame, notoriety, [Rājataraṅgiṇī etc.]

8) Ābhijana (आभिजन):—mfn. ([from] abhi-jana), relating to descent or family, [Kumāra-sambhava]

9) n. loftiness of birth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijana (अभिजन):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-naḥ) 1) Native country; e. g. Bhaṭṭik.: tataḥ pragaditā vākyaṃ mithilābhijanā nṛpam.

2) The country of the ancestors; (this is the sense given to the word by Patanjali to Pāṇ. Iv. 3. 90. in distinction from nivāsa, Iv. 3. 89., which would mean according to him the country where one lives oneself: atha nivāsābhijanayoḥ ko viśeṣaḥ . nivāso nāma yatra saṃpratyuṣyate . abhijano nāma yatra pūrvairuṣitam).

3) The ancestors; (according to Kaiyyaṭa—hence Kāśikā and Vardhamāna—on the preceding quotation: abhijanaśabdena pūrve bāndhavā ucyante &c.).

4) Race, family in general; e. g. Lāṭyāyana: ya eṣāmadhyayanebhikrāntitamaḥ syādabhijanena vā (Agnisvāmin: abhijanaḥ kulam).

5) The head or ornament of a family.

6) Fame, notoriety. E. jan with abhi, kṛt aff. ghañ (according to the commentators of the Amarak.; kṛt aff. ac, according to Bharatas. on the Bhaṭṭik.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhijana (अभिजन):—[abhi-jana] (naḥ) 1. m. Family; country, honor of a race; fame.

2) Ābhijana (आभिजन):—(naṃ) 1. n. High birth.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Abhijana (अभिजन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Abhiaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhijana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Abhijāṇa (अभिजाण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Abhijñā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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