Pancabhijna, Pañcābhijñā, Pañcābhijña, Panca-abhijna: 3 definitions


Pancabhijna means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchabhijna.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pancabhijna in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pañcābhijña (पञ्चाभिज्ञ) refers to “five superknowledges”, and represents one of the qualities possessed by the Bodhisattvas that accompanied the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X part 7.—The five abhijñās are:

  1. magical power (ṛddhi),
  2. the divine eye (divyacakṣus),
  3. the divine ear (divyaśrotra),
  4. knowledge of others’ minds (paracittajñāna);
  5. memory of former lifetimes (pūrvanivāsānusmṛti).
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Pañcābhijñā (पञ्चाभिज्ञा) refers to the “five supernormal knowledges”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “[...] Then the monk Siṃha and Siṃhavikrāntagāmin vigorously applied themselves to the dharma that is the wings of awakening, austerity, and practice in solitude, thereby they soon produced the five supernormal knowledges (pañcābhijñā). Having attained supernatural knowledges (abhijñā), the two explained the dharma by their own magical power and the power of vows in all world-spheres, brought immeasurable and incalculable living beings to maturity, and established them in the incomparable complete awakening”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of pancabhijna in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pancabhijna in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Pañcābhijñā (पञ्चाभिज्ञा) refers to the “five deep knowledges” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 20):

  1. divyacakṣus (the divine eye),
  2. divyaśrotra (the divine ear),
  3. paracittajñāna (knowledge of others’ minds),
  4. pūrvanivāsānusmṛti (recollection of previous lives),
  5. ṛddhi (spiritual power).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., pañca-abhijñāu). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: