Cetahparyaya, Cetaḥparyāya, Cetas-paryaya: 2 definitions



Cetahparyaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chetahparyaya.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (C) next»] — Cetahparyaya in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Cetaḥparyāya (चेतःपर्याय) or Cetaḥparyāyajñāna refers to the “knowledge of another’s mind” and represents one of the six “superknowledges” (abhijñā), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIII.—Accordingly, “the Bodhisattva-Mahāsattva who wishes to become established in the six superknowledges [viz., Cetaḥparyāya] should practice the perfection of wisdom (prajñāpāramitā)”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Cetahparyaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Cetaḥparyāya (चेतःपर्याय) or Citta-paryāya.—q.v. (see also abhijñā).

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Cetaḥparyāya (चेतःपर्याय).—m., way of thought, manner of mind; less often citta-pa°; commonly preceded by para- or parasya, of others; knowledge of other's mental make-up is one of the abhijñā, q.v.; so also in Pali, where Buddha is parassa (para-) ceto-(citta-)-pariyāya-kusala (-kovida), as one of the abhiññā. In Bhikṣuṇī-karmavācanā 27a.5 cetaḥparyāyasya is not preceded by para- or equivalent, but the meaning is certainly the same, since other abhijñā precede and follow it (divyasya śrotrasya, pūrvanivāsasya). In Mahāvastu iii.321.13 Buddhas are called cetaḥparyāyasaṃpannāḥ, probably also with implication of para-, tho here most of the other abhijñā are not listed; but the next following epithet is ṛddhiprātihāryasaṃpannā(ḥ), which recalls one of them.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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