Abhighata, Abhighāta, Abhīghāta: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Abhighata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Abhighāta (अभिघात).—Depression or sinking of the voice as required for the utterance of a circumflex vowel.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Abhighata in Ayurveda glossary
Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Abhighāta (अभिघात) refers to “injury”, as mentioned in verse 5.26 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] among the (different kinds of milk [viz., payas]), [...] Human milk [viz., mānuṣa] (is) destructive of eye-diseases (coming) of wind, choler, blood, and injury [viz., abhighāta], (and that) in the form of refreshments and instillations (as well as) sternutatories”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Abhighata in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Abhighāta (अभिघात) refers to “defending” (a fort), according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “One should institute a great sacrifice at times of great fear, when in conflict with a powerful enemy, when the land is afflicted with drought, when locusts and soldiers come (to ravage it), when (one seeks to) remedy disease and suffering, when there is a fight between relatives for kingdom, when the king is deposed, during solitary combat in a great battle, in order to (get a) son, when one fails to gets a young virgin (bride), during a marriage, in order to gain victory, (or) when a fort is under attack [i.e., durga-abhighāta-karaṇa]. [...]”.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Abhighata in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Abhighāta (अभिघात) refers to a “murderer”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Mars presides over citizens, farmers, chemists, firemen, soldiers, forest-men, citadels, chief towns, butchers, sinners, haughty men, kings, children, elephants, fops, infanticides (ḍimbha-abhighāta), shepherds, red fruits, red flowers, corals, commanders of armies, jaggery, wine, cruel men, storehouses, Agnihotrins, metal mines, the Śākyas in red robes, the Buddhists, thieves, rogues, vindictive and gluttonous persons. [...]”.

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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Abhighata in Arts glossary
Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Abhighāta (अभिघात) refers to “hurt” or “shock” (tot the lungs) (of Hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “[...] Four diseases relate to the irregularity of breath. The common name of these diseases is Śākhā, one of which is caused by some sort of hurt or shock (abhighāta) to the lungs, another by the morbid condition of the phlegm, the third by that of the bile, the fourth by a general waste of the system. The last named is called Śoṣitā and is very difficult to cure. Birds suffering from Śākhā should be kept in a dark, lonely place, and given small quantities of meat and water. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Abhighata in Jainism glossary
Source: academia.edu: The Original Paṇhavāyaraṇa/Praśnavyākaraṇa Discovered

Abhighāta (अभिघात) refers to “abrupt articulation”, as taught in the Paṇhavāgaraṇa (Sanskrit: Praśnavyākaraṇa): the tenth Anga of the Jain canon which deals with the prophetic explanation of queries regarding divination.—The Praśnavyākaraṇa deals with the praśnavidyā in a rather complex way. It is divided into at least 33 short chapters [e.g., abhighāta-prakaraṇa], some of which are further divided into sub-chapters. Some contents of the text, mainly those related with articulation and pronunciation can have significance far beyond the scope of the praśnavidyā.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Abhighāta.—(LP), an injury. Note: abhighāta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhighata in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

abhighāta : (m.) 1. impact; contact; 2. killing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Abhighāta, (Sk. abhighāta, abhi + ghāta) (a) striking, slaying, killing PvA.58 (daṇḍa°), 283 (sakkhara°). ‹-› (b) impact, contact DhsA.312 (rūpa° etc.). (Page 62)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhighata in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhighāta (अभिघात).—&c. See under अभिहन् (abhihan).

See also (synonyms): abhighātaka, abhighātakin.

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Abhighāta (अभिघात).—1 Striking, (fig. also); beating, smiting, attack, injury, hurt; तटाभिघातादिव लग्नपङ्के (taṭābhighātādiva lagnapaṅke) Kumārasambhava 7.49; शीतातपाभिघातान् (śītātapābhighātān) Manusmṛti 12.77 attacks of heat and cold; so दुःख°, शोक° (duḥkha°, śoka°) &c.

2) (In Vaiśeṣika Phil.) Striking against (such as gives rise to sounds &c.), regarded as a kind of संयोग (saṃyoga).

3) Striking back, driving or warding off.

4) Extirpation, complete destruction or removal; दुःखत्रयाभिघाताज्विज्ञासा तदभिघातके हेतौ (duḥkhatrayābhighātājvijñāsā tadabhighātake hetau) Sāṃkhyakārikā 1.

5) Abrupt or vehement articulation of words (as of Vedic texts); sudden shock.

-tam 1 The combination of the 4th letter of any class with the first or third letter of that class; of the second with the first; and of the third with the second letter of any class; अभिघातं स्यात्पूर्वं वैदद्वित्र्यादिवर्णाश्चेत् । नववर्गाणां नवतो धरणीचन्द्रद्विरामाद्याः (abhighātaṃ syātpūrvaṃ vaidadvitryādivarṇāścet | navavargāṇāṃ navato dharaṇīcandradvirāmādyāḥ) Śabdak.

2) A harsh pronunciation caused by the neglect of Sandhi rules.

Derivable forms: abhighātaḥ (अभिघातः).

--- OR ---

Abhīghāta (अभीघात).—= अभिघात (abhighāta) q. v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhighāta (अभिघात).—i. e. abhi-han. [Causal.] + a, m. 1. Striking, Bhāṣāp. 117; [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 42. 2. Hurting, affliction. [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 77.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhighāta (अभिघात).—[masculine] stroke, attack, affliction.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhighāta (अभिघात):—[=abhi-ghāta] a m. (√han), striking, attack

2) [v.s. ...] infliction of injury, damage, [Manu-smṛti xii, 77, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] striking back, driving away, warding off

4) [v.s. ...] abrupt or vehement articulation (of Vedic text), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya]

5) [v.s. ...] n. an irregular combination of consonants id est. the combination of the fourth letter of gutturals, cerebrals, etc. with the first or third letter, of the second with the first letter, and of the third with the second letter of those classes of consonants.

6) [=abhi-ghāta] [from abhi-han] b See sub voce

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhighāta (अभिघात):—[tatpurusha compound] 1. m.

(-taḥ) 1) Striking, beating, wounding; e. g. Kaṇāda S.: abhighātānmusalasaṃyogāddhaste karma; or Suśruta: vighātādabhighātādvā hīnasattvasya &c.; or Bhaṭṭik.: dviṣkurvatāṃ catuṣkurvannabhighātaṃ nagairdviṣām . vahiṣkariṣyaṃsaṃgrāmādripūñjvalanapiṅgalaḥ.

2) Pain, infliction; e. g. in a comm. of the Yoga S. (on the word daurmanasya): daurmanasyamicchābhighātāccetasaḥ kṣobhaḥ; or Lalitav.: manaḥsaṃvaro dharmalokamukhamabhighātavyāpādamithyādṛṣṭiprahāṇāya saṃvartate.

3) Warding off, removal; e. g. in Gauḍapāda's comm. on the Sāṅkhyakār.: ādhibhautikasya (scil. duḥkhasya) rakṣādinābhighāto dṛṣṭaḥ.

4) (In the Vājas. Prātisākhya.) The vehemence or physical excitement which accompanies the recital of mantras at the evening oblation (tṛtīyasavana), when the voice is loudest, it being low at the morning oblation (prātaḥsavana) and louder in the noon-oblation (mādhyandinasavana). Compare besides the terms āyāma, mārdava, viśrambha, ākṣepa. 2. n.

(-tam) A harsh pronunciation (e. g. when putting a question), produced by the neglect of Sandhi rules, more esp. by combining a preceding soft aspirate sound (gha, jha, ḍha, dha, bha) with a following unaspirate sound (either ka, ca, ṭa, ta, pa or ga, ja, ḍa, da, bha), or a hard aspirate sound (kha, cha, ṭha, tha, pha) with a following hard unaspirate sound (ka, ca, ṭa, ta, pa), or a soft unaspirate sound (ga, ja, ḍa, da, ba) with a following hard aspirate sound (kha, cha, ṭha, tha, pha). (Keralagrantha, as quoted by Rādhāk.) Also abhīghāta. E. han with abhi, kṛt aff. ghañ and n changed to t.

--- OR ---

Abhīghāta (अभीघात):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-taḥ) The same as abhighāta q. v.; e. g. Suśruta: vidīryate sīdati hīyate vā nṛṇāmabhīghātahatā tu dṛṣṭiḥ. E. See abhighāta; with the second vowel protracted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhighāta (अभिघात):—[abhi-ghāta] (taḥ) 1. m. Striking.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Abhighāta (अभिघात) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Abhighāya, Ahighāya, Ahijāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhighata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhighata in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Abhighāta (ಅಭಿಘಾತ):—

1) [noun] a heavy stroke a) a striking of one thing against another; blow or impact of an axe, whip, etc.; b) a sudden action resulting in a powerful or destructive effect, as if from a blow.

2) [noun] (psych.) a painful emotional experience or shock, often producing a lasting psychic effect and, sometimes, a neurosis; a trauma.

3) [noun] a bodily injury, wound.

4) [noun] the damage, trouble, disadvantage, deprivation, etc. caused by losing something; a loss.

5) [noun] a thing that may cause or has caused injury, pain, etc. ; a danger; a calamity.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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