Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 11.33

कामान्धसञ्ज्ञाः कृपया व के च क्रव्यात्सु नात्मानमिहोत्सृजन्ति ।
सपत्नभूतेष्वशिवेषु तेषु कामेषु कस्यात्मवतो रतिः स्यात् ॥ ३३ ॥

kāmāndhasañjñāḥ kṛpayā va ke ca kravyātsu nātmānamihotsṛjanti |
sapatnabhūteṣvaśiveṣu teṣu kāmeṣu kasyātmavato ratiḥ syāt || 33 ||

'None, however their intellect is blinded with pleasure, give themselves up, as in compassion, to ravenous beasts; so what man of self-control could find satisfaction in those pleasures which are disastrous and constant enemies?

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (11.33). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kamandhasanjna, Kripa, Kah, Kim, Kravyad, Sapatna, Bhuta, Ashiva, Tad, Kama, Atmavat, Rati, Syat, Sya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 11.33). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kāmāndhasañ;;āḥ kṛpayā va ke ca kravyātsu nātmānamihotsṛjanti
  • kāmāndhasañjñāḥ -
  • kāmāndhasañjña (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kāmāndhasañjñā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • kṛpayā -
  • kṛpā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • va -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    va (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ke -
  • ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    ka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kravyātsu -
  • kravyād (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    kravyād (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • Cannot analyse nātmānamihotsṛjanti
  • Line 2: “sapatnabhūteṣvaśiveṣu teṣu kāmeṣu kasyātmavato ratiḥ syāt
  • sapatna -
  • sapatna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhūteṣva -
  • bhūta (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    bhūta (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • aśiveṣu -
  • aśiva (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    aśiva (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • teṣu -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • kāmeṣu -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    kāma (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • kasyā -
  • kas -> kasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kas]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ka (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • ātmavato* -
  • ātmavat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    ātmavat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • ratiḥ -
  • rati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • syāt -
  • syāt (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    syāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 11.33

Cover of edition (2003)

The Buddha-Carita By Asvaghosa or Acts of Buddha
by E. B. Cowell (2003)

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Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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