Sapatna: 12 definitions


Sapatna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Sapatna (सपत्न, ‘rival’) is a common word in the later Saṃhitās, being also found in the tenth Maṇḍala of the Rigveda. It is a curious masculine formed by analogy from Sapatnī, ‘co-wife’, and so ‘female rival’.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sapatna (सपत्न).—m S An enemy, adversary, opponent. As this word is only a masculine form of the word following, its sense or use is only metaphorical.

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sāpatna (सापत्न).—a (sapatna S) The same with sāvatra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sapatna (सपत्न).—m An enemy, opponent.

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sāpatna (सापत्न).—See sāvatra.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sapatna (सपत्न).—a. Hostile, inimical.

-tnaḥ An enemy, adversary, a rival; अवाप्य भूमावसपत्नमृद्धम् (avāpya bhūmāvasapatnamṛddham) Bg.2.8; मा वा सपत्ने- ष्वपि नाम तद् भूत् पापं यदस्यां त्वयि वा विशङ्क्यम् (mā vā sapatne- ṣvapi nāma tad bhūt pāpaṃ yadasyāṃ tvayi vā viśaṅkyam) Māl.4.5; R.9.8.

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Sāpatna (सापत्न).—a. (-tnī f.)

1) Based rivalry.

2) Born from or belonging to a rival wife.

-tnāḥ (m. pl.) The children of different wives of the same husband.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāpatna (सापत्न).—f. (-tnī) Born from a rival wife.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sapatna (सपत्न).—i. e. sa-patnī + a, I. adj., f. , Hostile, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 318. Ii. m. A foe, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 14; cf. patnī.

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Sāpatna (सापत्न).—i. e. sa-patnī + a, adj. Born from another wife, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 53, 30.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sapatna (सपत्न).—[masculine] rival, foe; [abstract] † [feminine], tva [neuter]

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Sāpatna (सापत्न).—[adjective] coming from a rival or = sāpatnya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sapatna (सपत्न):—[=sa-patna] [from sa > sa-pakṣa] a See sub voce

2) [=sa-patna] b m. ([from] 1. sa-patnī below) a rival, adversary, enemy, [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

3) Sāpatna (सापत्न):—mfn. (fr, sa-patna, or sapatnī) coming or derived from a rival, [Atharva-veda]

4) based on rivalry (as enmity), [Mahābhārata]

5) born of a rival or co-wife

6) m. (with or without bhrātṛ, ‘a half-brother on the mother’s side’), [Rāmāyaṇa]

7) ([plural]) the children of different wives of the same husband, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sapatna (सपत्न):—[sa-patna] (tnaḥ) 1. m. An enemy. f. (ī) Woman whose husband has other wives.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sapatna (सपत्न) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Savatta, Sāvakka.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sapatna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sapatna (ಸಪತ್ನ):—[noun] an enemy; a foe.

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Sāpatna (ಸಾಪತ್ನ):—[adjective] relating to, caused by a co-wife.

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Sāpatna (ಸಾಪತ್ನ):—

1) [noun] a boy or man as related to a son or daughter of another wife of his father.

2) [noun] (pl.) children of two or more brothers.

3) [noun] an enemy; a foe.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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