Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 9.3

तौ न्यायतस्तं प्रतिपूज्य विप्रं तेनार्चितौ तावपि चानुरूपम् ।
कृतासनौ भार्गवमासनस्थं छित्त्वा कथामूचतुरात्मकृत्यम् ॥ ३ ॥

tau nyāyatastaṃ pratipūjya vipraṃ tenārcitau tāvapi cānurūpam |
kṛtāsanau bhārgavamāsanasthaṃ chittvā kathāmūcaturātmakṛtyam || 3 ||

Having saluted that Brahman with due respect, and having been honoured by him with due reverence in return, having seated themselves, plunging at once into the subject, they addressed Bhargava, who was likewise seated, concerning their errand.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Nyayatah, Nyayata, Pratipujya, Vipra, Tad, Tena, Arcita, Api, Uru, Krit, Krita, Asana, Asani, Bhargava, Asanastha, Katha, Krityam, Kritya, Kriti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 9.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tau nyāyatastaṃ pratipūjya vipraṃ tenārcitau tāvapi cānurūpam
  • tau -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • nyāyatas -
  • nyāyataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    nyāyata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • pratipūjya -
  • pratipūjya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pratipūjya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vipram -
  • vipra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vipra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    viprā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tenā -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • arcitau -
  • arcita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ṛc -> arcita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √ṛc], [vocative dual from √ṛc], [accusative dual from √ṛc]
    ṛc -> arcita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √ṛc], [vocative dual from √ṛc], [accusative dual from √ṛc]
  • tāva -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • cān -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • urū -
  • uru (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    uru (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    uru (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ūpam -
  • ūpā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “kṛtāsanau bhārgavamāsanasthaṃ chittvā kathāmūcaturātmakṛtyam
  • kṛtā -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    kṛt (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    kṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural], [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [injunctive middle third single]
  • asanau -
  • asana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asani (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    asani (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • bhārgavam -
  • bhārgava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhārgava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • āsanastham -
  • āsanastha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    āsanastha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    āsanasthā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • chittvā -
  • chid -> chittvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √chid]
    chid -> chittvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √chid]
  • kathām -
  • kathā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • ūcatur -
  • uc (verb class 4)
    [perfect active third dual]
    vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third dual]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active third dual]
  • ātma -
  • ātman (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • kṛtyam -
  • kṛtyam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṛtya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṛtya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṛtyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛ -> kṛtya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛtya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛtī (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 9.3

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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