Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 2.5

पुष्टाश्च तुष्टाश्च तदास्य राज्ये साध्व्यो ऽरजस्का गुणवत्पयस्काः ।
उदग्रवत्सैः सहिता बभूवुर्बह्व्यो बहुक्षीरदुहश्च गावः ॥ ५ ॥

puṣṭāśca tuṣṭāśca tadāsya rājye sādhvyo 'rajaskā guṇavatpayaskāḥ |
udagravatsaiḥ sahitā babhūvurbahvyo bahukṣīraduhaśca gāvaḥ || 5 ||

And many fertile cows, with tall calves gathered in his kingdom, well nourished and happy, gentle and without fierceness, and producing excellent milk.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Pushta, Tushta, Tada, Idam, Rajya, Sadhvi, Arajaska, Gunavatpayaska, Udagra, Vatsa, Sahita, Bahvi, Bahukshiraduh, Gava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 2.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “puṣṭāśca tuṣṭāśca tadāsya rājye sādhvyo 'rajaskā guṇavatpayaskāḥ”
  • puṣṭāś -
  • puṣṭa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    puṣṭāḥ (nominative plural)
    puṣṭāḥ (vocative plural)
    puṣṭā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    puṣṭāḥ (nominative plural)
    puṣṭāḥ (vocative plural)
    puṣṭāḥ (accusative plural)
    puṣ -> puṣṭa (participle, masculine); (6 der.)
    puṣṭāḥ (nominative plural), from √puṣ (class 1 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (vocative plural), from √puṣ (class 1 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (nominative plural), from √puṣ (class 4 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (vocative plural), from √puṣ (class 4 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (nominative plural), from √puṣ (class 9 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (vocative plural), from √puṣ (class 9 verb)
    puṣ -> puṣṭā (participle, feminine); (9 der.)
    puṣṭāḥ (nominative plural), from √puṣ (class 1 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (vocative plural), from √puṣ (class 1 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (accusative plural), from √puṣ (class 1 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (nominative plural), from √puṣ (class 4 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (vocative plural), from √puṣ (class 4 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (accusative plural), from √puṣ (class 4 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (nominative plural), from √puṣ (class 9 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (vocative plural), from √puṣ (class 9 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (accusative plural), from √puṣ (class 9 verb)
    puṣ -> puṣṭa (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    puṣṭāḥ (nominative plural), from √puṣ (class 4 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (vocative plural), from √puṣ (class 4 verb)
    puṣ -> puṣṭā (participle, feminine); (3 der.)
    puṣṭāḥ (nominative plural), from √puṣ (class 4 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (vocative plural), from √puṣ (class 4 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (accusative plural), from √puṣ (class 4 verb)
    puch -> puṣṭa (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    puṣṭāḥ (nominative plural), from √puch (class 1 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (vocative plural), from √puch (class 1 verb)
    puch -> puṣṭā (participle, feminine); (3 der.)
    puṣṭāḥ (nominative plural), from √puch (class 1 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (vocative plural), from √puch (class 1 verb)
    puṣṭāḥ (accusative plural), from √puch (class 1 verb)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • tuṣṭāś -
  • tuṣṭa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    tuṣṭāḥ (nominative plural)
    tuṣṭāḥ (vocative plural)
    tuṣṭā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    tuṣṭāḥ (nominative plural)
    tuṣṭāḥ (vocative plural)
    tuṣṭāḥ (accusative plural)
    tuṣ -> tuṣṭa (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    tuṣṭāḥ (nominative plural), from √tuṣ (class 4 verb)
    tuṣṭāḥ (vocative plural), from √tuṣ (class 4 verb)
    tuṣ -> tuṣṭā (participle, feminine); (3 der.)
    tuṣṭāḥ (nominative plural), from √tuṣ (class 4 verb)
    tuṣṭāḥ (vocative plural), from √tuṣ (class 4 verb)
    tuṣṭāḥ (accusative plural), from √tuṣ (class 4 verb)
    tus -> tuṣṭa (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    tuṣṭāḥ (nominative plural), from √tus (class 1 verb)
    tuṣṭāḥ (vocative plural), from √tus (class 1 verb)
    tus -> tuṣṭā (participle, feminine); (3 der.)
    tuṣṭāḥ (nominative plural), from √tus (class 1 verb)
    tuṣṭāḥ (vocative plural), from √tus (class 1 verb)
    tuṣṭāḥ (accusative plural), from √tus (class 1 verb)
    tuś -> tuṣṭa (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    tuṣṭāḥ (nominative plural), from √tuś (class 1 verb)
    tuṣṭāḥ (vocative plural), from √tuś (class 1 verb)
    tuś -> tuṣṭā (participle, feminine); (3 der.)
    tuṣṭāḥ (nominative plural), from √tuś (class 1 verb)
    tuṣṭāḥ (vocative plural), from √tuś (class 1 verb)
    tuṣṭāḥ (accusative plural), from √tuś (class 1 verb)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • tadā -
  • tadā (indeclinable adverb); (2 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    tadā (indeclinable correlative); (2 der.)
    (indeclinable correlative)
    (indeclinable correlative)
    tadā (indeclinable); (2 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    (indeclinable)
    tada (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    tada (vocative single)
    tada (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    tada (vocative single)
    tadā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    tadā (nominative single)
    tadā (nominative single)
  • asya -
  • as -> asya (absolutive); (1 der.)
    (absolutive), from √as
    a (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    asya (genitive single)
    idam (pronoun, masculine); (1 der.)
    asya (genitive single)
    idam (pronoun, neuter); (1 der.)
    asya (genitive single)
    as (verb class 4); (1 der.)
    asya (imperative active second single)
  • rājye -
  • rājya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    rājye (locative single)
    rājya (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    rājye (nominative dual)
    rājye (vocative dual)
    rājye (accusative dual)
    rājye (locative single)
    rājyā (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    rājye (nominative dual)
    rājye (vocative single)
    rājye (vocative dual)
    rājye (accusative dual)
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    rājye (locative single), from √rāj (class 1 verb)
    rājye (locative single), from √rāj
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter); (8 der.)
    rājye (nominative dual), from √rāj (class 1 verb)
    rājye (vocative dual), from √rāj (class 1 verb)
    rājye (accusative dual), from √rāj (class 1 verb)
    rājye (locative single), from √rāj (class 1 verb)
    rājye (nominative dual), from √rāj
    rājye (vocative dual), from √rāj
    rājye (accusative dual), from √rāj
    rājye (locative single), from √rāj
    rāj -> rājyā (participle, feminine); (8 der.)
    rājye (nominative dual), from √rāj (class 1 verb)
    rājye (vocative single), from √rāj (class 1 verb)
    rājye (vocative dual), from √rāj (class 1 verb)
    rājye (accusative dual), from √rāj (class 1 verb)
    rājye (nominative dual), from √rāj
    rājye (vocative single), from √rāj
    rājye (vocative dual), from √rāj
    rājye (accusative dual), from √rāj
    rāj (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    rājye (present passive first single)
    rāj (verb class 0); (1 der.)
    rājye (present passive first single)
  • sādhvyo' -
  • sādhvī (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    sādhvyaḥ (nominative plural)
    sādhvyaḥ (vocative plural)
  • arajaskā* -
  • arajaska (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    arajaskāḥ (nominative plural)
    arajaskāḥ (vocative plural)
    arajaskā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    arajaskāḥ (nominative plural)
    arajaskāḥ (vocative plural)
    arajaskāḥ (accusative plural)
  • guṇavatpayaskāḥ -
  • guṇavatpayaska (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    guṇavatpayaskāḥ (nominative plural)
    guṇavatpayaskāḥ (vocative plural)
    guṇavatpayaskā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    guṇavatpayaskāḥ (nominative plural)
    guṇavatpayaskāḥ (vocative plural)
    guṇavatpayaskāḥ (accusative plural)
  • Line2: “udagravatsaiḥ sahitā babhūvurbahvyo bahukṣīraduhaśca gāvaḥ”
  • udagra -
  • udagra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    udagra (vocative single)
    udagra (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    udagra (vocative single)
  • vatsaiḥ -
  • vatsa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vatsaiḥ (instrumental plural)
    vatsa (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    vatsaiḥ (instrumental plural)
  • sahitā* -
  • sahita (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    sahitāḥ (nominative plural)
    sahitāḥ (vocative plural)
    sahitā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    sahitāḥ (nominative plural)
    sahitāḥ (vocative plural)
    sahitāḥ (accusative plural)
    sah -> sahita (participle, masculine); (4 der.)
    sahitāḥ (nominative plural), from √sah (class 1 verb)
    sahitāḥ (vocative plural), from √sah (class 1 verb)
    sahitāḥ (nominative plural), from √sah (class 10 verb)
    sahitāḥ (vocative plural), from √sah (class 10 verb)
    sah -> sahitā (participle, feminine); (6 der.)
    sahitāḥ (nominative plural), from √sah (class 1 verb)
    sahitāḥ (vocative plural), from √sah (class 1 verb)
    sahitāḥ (accusative plural), from √sah (class 1 verb)
    sahitāḥ (nominative plural), from √sah (class 10 verb)
    sahitāḥ (vocative plural), from √sah (class 10 verb)
    sahitāḥ (accusative plural), from √sah (class 10 verb)
  • babhūvur -
  • bhū (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    babhūvuḥ (perfect active third plural)
  • bahvyo* -
  • bahvī (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    bahvyaḥ (nominative plural)
    bahvyaḥ (vocative plural)
  • bahukṣīraduhaś -
  • bahukṣīraduh (noun, masculine); (5 der.)
    bahukṣīraduhaḥ (nominative plural)
    bahukṣīraduhaḥ (vocative plural)
    bahukṣīraduhaḥ (accusative plural)
    bahukṣīraduhaḥ (ablative single)
    bahukṣīraduhaḥ (genitive single)
    bahukṣīraduh (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    bahukṣīraduhaḥ (ablative single)
    bahukṣīraduhaḥ (genitive single)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • gāvaḥ -
  • go (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    gāvaḥ (nominative plural)
    gāvaḥ (vocative plural)
    gāva (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    gāvaḥ (nominative single)
    (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    gāvaḥ (present active first dual)
    (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    gāvaḥ (present active first dual)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 2.5

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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