Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 1.32

स हि स्वगात्रप्रभयोज्ज्वलन्त्या दीपप्रभां भास्करवन्मुमोष ।
महार्हजाम्बूनदचारुवर्णो विद्योतयामास दिशश्च सर्वाः ॥ ३२ ॥

sa hi svagātraprabhayojjvalantyā dīpaprabhāṃ bhāskaravanmumoṣa |
mahārhajāmbūnadacāruvarṇo vidyotayāmāsa diśaśca sarvāḥ || 32 ||

With the radiant splendour of his limbs he extinguished like the sun the splendour of the lamps; with his beautiful hue as of precious gold he illuminated all the quarters of space.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.32). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Svaga, Atra, Prabha, Dipa, Bhaskaravat, Maharha, Jambunada, Caru, Varna, Vidyota, Amasa, Dishas, Dish, Disha, Saru, Sarva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 1.32). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sa hi svagātraprabhayojjvalantyā dīpaprabhāṃ bhāskaravanmumoṣa
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • svagā -
  • svagā (indeclinable)
  • atra -
  • atra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    atra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prabhayo -
  • prabhā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • ujjvalantyā -
  • dīpa -
  • dīpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prabhām -
  • prabhā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • bhāskaravan -
  • bhāskaravat (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhāskaravat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • mumoṣa -
  • muṣ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    muṣ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    muṣ (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    muṣ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “mahārhajāmbūnadacāruvarṇo vidyotayāmāsa diśaśca sarvāḥ
  • mahārha -
  • mahārha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mahārha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jāmbūnada -
  • jāmbūnada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jāmbūnada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • cāru -
  • cāru (indeclinable)
    cāru (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāru (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • varṇo* -
  • varṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vidyotayā -
  • vidyotā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • amāsa -
  • amāsa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    amāsa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • diśaś -
  • diśas (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    diś (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    diśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sarvāḥ -
  • saru (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 1.32

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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