Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 1.31

दीप्त्या च धैर्येण च यो रराज बालो रविर्भूमिमिवावतीर्णः ।
तथातिदीप्तो ऽपि निरीक्ष्यमाणो जहार चक्षूंषि यथा शशाङ्कः ॥ ३१ ॥

dīptyā ca dhairyeṇa ca yo rarāja bālo ravirbhūmimivāvatīrṇaḥ |
tathātidīpto 'pi nirīkṣyamāṇo jahāra cakṣūṃṣi yathā śaśāṅkaḥ || 31 ||

With glory, fortitude, and beauty he shone like the young sun descended upon the earth; when he was gazed at, though of such surpassing brightness, he attracted all eyes like the moon.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dipti, Dhairya, Yah, Bala, Ravi, Bhumi, Iva, Avatirna, Tatha, Ati, Dipta, Api, Nirikshyamana, Cakshus, Yatha, Shashanka,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 1.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dīptyā ca dhairyeṇa ca yo rarāja bālo ravirbhūmimivāvatīrṇaḥ
  • dīptyā -
  • dīpti (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    dīptī (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [instrumental single]
    dīptī (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dhairyeṇa -
  • dhairya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rarāja -
  • rāj (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    raj (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    raj (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • bālo* -
  • bāla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ravir -
  • ravi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhūmim -
  • bhūmi (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    bhūmi (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • avatīrṇaḥ -
  • avatīrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “tathātidīpto 'pi nirīkṣyamāṇo jahāra cakṣūṃṣi yathā śaśāṅkaḥ
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ati -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ati (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • dīpto' -
  • dīpta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • nirīkṣyamāṇo* -
  • nirīkṣyamāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jahāra -
  • hṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    hṝ (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • cakṣūṃṣi -
  • cakṣus (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • śaśāṅkaḥ -
  • śaśāṅka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 1.31

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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