Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 4.31.18

मृतो बन्धुर्यथा स्वप्नेऽप्यनुभूतोऽप्यसन्मयः ।
मृतोऽयमिति चेज्ज्ञप्तिर्भवेदेवमिदं जगत् ॥ १८ ॥

mṛto bandhuryathā svapne'pyanubhūto'pyasanmayaḥ |
mṛto'yamiti cejjñaptirbhavedevamidaṃ jagat || 18 ||

As the sight of a dead friend in a dream is not a reality, so the notion of the reality of the world, ceases upon the conviction of its unreality, as that of the demise of the person seen in a dream.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.31.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Mrita (+2), Bandhu (+2), Svapna (+2), Apya (+2), Aya (+2), Jagat (+2),

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 4.31.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “mṛto bandhuryathā svapne'pyanubhūto'pyasanmayaḥ”
  • mṛto* -
  • mṛta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    mṛtaḥ (nominative single)
    mṛ -> mṛta (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    mṛtaḥ (nominative single), from √mṛ (class 1 verb)
    mṛtaḥ (nominative single), from √mṛ (class 6 verb)
  • bandhur -
  • bandhu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    bandhuḥ (nominative single)
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    yathā (indeclinable relative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable relative)
    yathā (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • svapne' -
  • svapna (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    svapne (locative single)
    svapna (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    svapne (nominative dual)
    svapne (vocative dual)
    svapne (accusative dual)
    svapne (locative single)
    svapnā (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    svapne (nominative dual)
    svapne (vocative single)
    svapne (vocative dual)
    svapne (accusative dual)
  • apyanu -
  • apyanu (Preverb); (1 der.)
    (Preverb)
  • bhūt -
  • bhū (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    bhūt (injunctive active third single)
  • o' -
  • o (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    (compound)
    a (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    aḥ (nominative single)
    u (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    o (vocative single)
    (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    aḥ (vocative single)
    (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    aḥ (vocative single)
  • apya -
  • api (indeclinable preposition); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable preposition)
    apya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    apya (vocative single)
    ap (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    apī (nominative dual)
    apī (vocative dual)
    apī (accusative dual)
    api (locative single)
    api (Preverb); (1 der.)
    (Preverb)
  • asanma -
  • san (verb class 8); (1 der.)
    asanma (imperfect active first plural)
  • yaḥ -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable relative)
    ya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yaḥ (nominative single)
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yaḥ (nominative single)
  • Line 2: “mṛto'yamiti cejjñaptirbhavedevamidaṃ jagat”
  • mṛto' -
  • mṛta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    mṛtaḥ (nominative single)
    mṛ -> mṛta (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    mṛtaḥ (nominative single), from √mṛ (class 1 verb)
    mṛtaḥ (nominative single), from √mṛ (class 6 verb)
  • ayam -
  • aya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    ayam (adverb)
    ayam (accusative single)
    idam (pronoun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ayam (nominative single)
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    iti (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
  • Cannot analyse cejjñaptirbhavedevamidam*ja
  • jagat -
  • jagat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    (compound)
    jagat (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    jagat (nominative single)
    jagat (vocative single)
    jagat (accusative single)
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