Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 1.1.12

अग्निवेश्य उवाच ।
प्राह एतद्वचो निन्द्यं गुरुः पुत्रं हिताय च ।
किमेतत्पुत्र कुरुषे पालनं न स्वकर्मणः ॥ १२ ॥

agniveśya uvāca |
prāha etadvaco nindyaṃ guruḥ putraṃ hitāya ca |
kimetatputra kuruṣe pālanaṃ na svakarmaṇaḥ || 12 ||

Agnivesya said:—Why my son do you not discharge your duties, tell me how can you succeed (in anything) if you remain inactive, and tell me also the reason of your cessation from acts.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 1.1.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “agniveśya uvāca”
  • agniveśya* -
  • agniveśya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    agniveśyaḥ (nominative single)
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2); (2 der.)
    uvāca (perfect active first single)
    uvāca (perfect active third single)
    vac (verb class 3); (2 der.)
    uvāca (perfect active first single)
    uvāca (perfect active third single)
  • Line 2: “prāha etadvaco nindyaṃ guruḥ putraṃ hitāya ca”
  • prāha* -
  • prāha (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    prāhaḥ (nominative single)
  • etad -
  • etad (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    etad (noun, masculine); (4 der.)
    etat (compound)
    etat (adverb)
    etat (nominative single)
    etat (vocative single)
    etad (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    etat (compound)
    etat (nominative single)
    etat (accusative single)
  • vaco* -
  • vacas (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    vacaḥ (vocative single)
    vacas (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    (compound)
    vacaḥ (nominative single)
    vacaḥ (vocative single)
    vacaḥ (accusative single)
    vaca (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vacaḥ (nominative single)
  • nindyam -
  • nindya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    nindyam (adverb)
    nindyam (accusative single)
    nindya (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    nindyam (adverb)
    nindyam (nominative single)
    nindyam (accusative single)
    nindyā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    nindyam (adverb)
    nind -> nindya (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    nindyam (accusative single), from √nind (class 1 verb)
    nind -> nindya (participle, neuter); (2 der.)
    nindyam (nominative single), from √nind (class 1 verb)
    nindyam (accusative single), from √nind (class 1 verb)
  • guruḥ -
  • guru (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    guruḥ (nominative single)
  • putram -
  • putra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    putram (adverb)
    putram (accusative single)
    putra (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    putram (adverb)
    putram (nominative single)
    putram (accusative single)
    putrā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    putram (adverb)
  • hitāya -
  • hita (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    hitāya (dative single)
    hitāya (dative single)
    hita (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    hitāya (dative single)
    hitāya (dative single)
    hi -> hita (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    hitāya (dative single), from √hi (class 5 verb)
    hi -> hita (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    hitāya (dative single), from √hi (class 5 verb)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • Line 3: “kimetatputra kuruṣe pālanaṃ na svakarmaṇaḥ”
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable interrogative)
    kim (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    kim (pronoun, neuter); (2 der.)
    kim (nominative single)
    kim (accusative single)
  • etat -
  • etad (noun, masculine); (4 der.)
    etat (compound)
    etat (adverb)
    etat (nominative single)
    etat (vocative single)
    etad (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    etat (compound)
    etat (nominative single)
    etat (accusative single)
  • putra -
  • putra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    putra (vocative single)
    putra (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    putra (vocative single)
  • kuruṣe -
  • kṛ (verb class 8); (1 der.)
    kuruṣe (present middle second single)
  • pālanam -
  • pālana (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    pālanam (adverb)
    pālanam (accusative single)
    pālana (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    pālanam (adverb)
    pālanam (nominative single)
    pālanam (accusative single)
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    na (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
    na (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
  • svakarmaṇaḥ -
  • svakarman (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    svakarmaṇaḥ (ablative single)
    svakarmaṇaḥ (genitive single)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: Consider this as an approximate extraction of glossary words based on an experimental segmentation of the Sanskrit verse (1.1.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Agniveshya (agnivesya, agniveśya, अग्निवेश्य): defined in 2 categories.
Vaca (वच): defined in 2 categories.
Guru (गुरु): defined in 2 categories.
Putra (पुत्र): defined in 2 categories.
Ca (च): defined in 1 categories.
Na (न): defined in 2 categories.

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