Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 1.1.12

अग्निवेश्य उवाच ।
प्राह एतद्वचो निन्द्यं गुरुः पुत्रं हिताय च ।
किमेतत्पुत्र कुरुषे पालनं न स्वकर्मणः ॥ १२ ॥

agniveśya uvāca |
prāha etadvaco nindyaṃ guruḥ putraṃ hitāya ca |
kimetatputra kuruṣe pālanaṃ na svakarmaṇaḥ || 12 ||

Agnivesya said:—Why my son do you not discharge your duties, tell me how can you succeed (in anything) if you remain inactive, and tell me also the reason of your cessation from acts.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.1.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Agniveshya, Praha, Etad, Vaca, Vacas, Nindya, Guru, Putra, Hita, Kimi, Tat, Tad, Palana, Svakarman,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 1.1.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “agniveśya uvāca
  • agniveśya* -
  • agniveśya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “prāha etadvaco nindyaṃ guruḥ putraṃ hitāya ca
  • prāha* -
  • prāha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • etad -
  • etad (indeclinable)
    etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vaco* -
  • vacas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vacas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vaca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nindyam -
  • nindya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nindya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nindyā (noun, feminine)
    nind -> nindya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √nind class 1 verb]
    nind -> nindya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √nind class 1 verb], [accusative single from √nind class 1 verb]
  • guruḥ -
  • guru (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • putram -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    putra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    putrā (noun, feminine)
  • hitāya -
  • hita (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    hita (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    hi -> hita (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √hi class 5 verb]
    hi -> hita (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √hi class 5 verb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 3: “kimetatputra kuruṣe pālanaṃ na svakarmaṇaḥ
  • kime -
  • kimi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    kimi (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • putra -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    putra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kuruṣe -
  • kṛ (verb class 8)
    [present middle second single]
  • pālanam -
  • pālana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pālana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • svakarmaṇaḥ -
  • svakarman (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Yoga Vasistha Verse 1.1.12

Cover of edition (1891)

Yoga Vasistha English (four volumes)
by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891)

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Yoga Vasistha Maha Ramayana (Gujarati)
by Sahitya Sangam, Allahabad (0)

[યોગ વસિષ્ઠએ] 9788192776460.

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Preview of verse 1.1.12 in Gujarati sript:
અગ્નિવેશ્ય ઉવાચ ।
પ્રાહ એતદ્વચો નિન્દ્યં ગુરુઃ પુત્રં હિતાય ચ ।
કિમેતત્પુત્ર કુરુષે પાલનં ન સ્વકર્મણઃ ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2019)

Vasishtha Rama Samvadam (Telugu)
by Ramakrishna Math, Hyderabad (2019)

Set of 4 Volumes; 9789383972142.

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Preview of verse 1.1.12 in Telugu sript:
అగ్నివేశ్య ఉవాచ ।
ప్రాహ ఏతద్వచో నిన్ద్యం గురుః పుత్రం హితాయ చ ।
కిమేతత్పుత్ర కురుషే పాలనం న స్వకర్మణః ॥ ౧౨ ॥

Cover of edition (2009)

The Yogavasistha (Hindi translation)
by Khemraj Shrikrishnadass (2009)

Set of 2 Volumes; Khemraj Edition.

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