Svakarman, Svakarma, Sva-karman: 9 definitions


Svakarman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Svakarman in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Svakarman (स्वकर्मन्) refers to “one’s own action”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.2.—Accordingly, as Sanaka cursed the three sisters of Svadhā:—“[...] inspite of being the daughters of the forefathers, ye three sisters are foolish, bereft of wisdom and ignorant of the essence of the Vedas. You did not stand up nor did you pay any respects to us. You were haughty and deluded and so evinced a deluded disposition of human beings. Hence all of you shall leave heaven. May the three sisters deluded by ignorance be born as human womenfolk. May ye reap this fruit as a result of the power of your own action (i.e., svakarmansvakarmaṇaḥ prabhaṇāve)”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Svakarman in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Svakarman (स्वकर्मन्) refers to “one’s own karma”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Having abandoned the tree, as the birds go in the early morning, in like manner the embodied souls continually go somewhere depending on their own karma (svakarma-vaśaga)”.

2) Svakarman (स्वकर्मन्) refers to “one’s own actions”, according to the Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “Fools mourn for relations experiencing the results of their own actions (svakarman-phalabhogin) [but] because of the confusion of [their] intelligence [they do] not [mourn for] themselves situated in Yama’s fangs. In this forest that is the cycle of rebirth dwelt in by Yama the serpent-king, the men of olden times, who were eternal previously, have come to an end”.

Synonyms: Nijakarman.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svakarman in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Svakarma (स्वकर्म).—n (S) One's own business, office, function, duty, the proper or peculiar business, work, or act. Ex. kṣatriyānēṃ yuddha karāvēṃ hēṃ tyācēṃ sva0; sarpānēṃ ḍasāvēṃ hēṃ tyācēṃ sva0.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Svakarma (स्वकर्म).—n One's own business, office, duty.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svakarman in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svakarman (स्वकर्मन्).—one's own duty (svadharma); स्वकर्मनिरतः सिद्धिं यथा विन्दति तच्छृणु (svakarmanirataḥ siddhiṃ yathā vindati tacchṛṇu) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 18. 45.

Svakarman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and karman (कर्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svakarman (स्वकर्मन्).—[neuter] one’s own work, business, or duty.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svakarman (स्वकर्मन्):—[=sva-karman] [from sva] n. o°’s own deed, [Manu-smṛti; Hitopadeśa]

2) [v.s. ...] o°’s own business or occupation, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] o°’s own occupation or duty, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svakarman (स्वकर्मन्):—[sva-karman] (rmmā) 5. m. Own act or business.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svakarman in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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