Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.47.10

ह्रिया ज्ञानेन तपसा दमेन क्रोधेनाथो धर्मगुप्त्या धनेन ।
अन्यायवृत्तः कुरुपाण्डवेयानध्यातिष्ठद्धार्तराष्ट्रो दुरात्मा ॥ १० ॥

hriyā jñānena tapasā damena krodhenātho dharmaguptyā dhanena |
anyāyavṛttaḥ kurupāṇḍaveyānadhyātiṣṭhaddhārtarāṣṭro durātmā || 10 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...by the path indicated by you, and the Vedas also declare that thither are both bliss and emancipation. But he that regards the material body to be self, if he succeeds in renouncing desire...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.47.10). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Hri, Jnana, Tapasa, Dama, Krodha, Atho, Dharmagup, Sya, Dhana, Anyayavritta, Kurupandava, Iyana, Dhya, Atishthat, Han, Arta, Rashtra, Duratman, Duratma,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.47.10). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “hriyā jñānena tapasā damena krodhenātho dharmaguptyā dhanena
  • hriyā* -
  • hrī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • jñānena -
  • jñāna (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • tapasā* -
  • tapasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • damena -
  • dama (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    dama (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • krodhenā -
  • krodha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    krodha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • atho -
  • atho (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • dharmagup -
  • dharmagup (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    dharmagup (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • tyā* -
  • syā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dhanena -
  • dhana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    dhana (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 2: “anyāyavṛttaḥ kurupāṇḍaveyānadhyātiṣṭhaddhārtarāṣṭro durātmā
  • anyāyavṛttaḥ -
  • anyāyavṛtta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kurupāṇḍave -
  • kurupāṇḍava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
  • iyāna -
  • i -> iyāna (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> iyāna (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • dhyā -
  • dhyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • atiṣṭhaddh -
  • atiṣṭhat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    atiṣṭhat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sthā (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • -
  • ha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    han (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    han (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ārta -
  • ārta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ārta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rāṣṭro* -
  • rāṣṭra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • durātmā -
  • durātman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    durātmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.47.10

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.47.10 in Kannada sript:
ಹ್ರಿಯಾ ಜ್ಞಾನೇನ ತಪಸಾ ದಮೇನ ಕ್ರೋಧೇನಾಥೋ ಧರ್ಮಗುಪ್ತ್ಯಾ ಧನೇನ ।
ಅನ್ಯಾಯವೃತ್ತಃ ಕುರುಪಾಣ್ಡವೇಯಾನಧ್ಯಾತಿಷ್ಠದ್ಧಾರ್ತರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೋ ದುರಾತ್ಮಾ ॥ ೧೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.47.10 in Bengali sript:
হ্রিযা জ্ঞানেন তপসা দমেন ক্রোধেনাথো ধর্মগুপ্ত্যা ধনেন ।
অন্যাযবৃত্তঃ কুরুপাণ্ডবেযানধ্যাতিষ্ঠদ্ধার্তরাষ্ট্রো দুরাত্মা ॥ ১০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.47.10 in Gujarati sript:
હ્રિયા જ્ઞાનેન તપસા દમેન ક્રોધેનાથો ધર્મગુપ્ત્યા ધનેન ।
અન્યાયવૃત્તઃ કુરુપાણ્ડવેયાનધ્યાતિષ્ઠદ્ધાર્તરાષ્ટ્રો દુરાત્મા ॥ ૧૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.47.10 in Malayalam sript:
ഹ്രിയാ ജ്ഞാനേന തപസാ ദമേന ക്രോധേനാഥോ ധര്മഗുപ്ത്യാ ധനേന ।
അന്യായവൃത്തഃ കുരുപാണ്ഡവേയാനധ്യാതിഷ്ഠദ്ധാര്തരാഷ്ട്രോ ദുരാത്മാ ॥ ൧൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 5.47.10 in Telugu sript:
హ్రియా జ్ఞానేన తపసా దమేన క్రోధేనాథో ధర్మగుప్త్యా ధనేన ।
అన్యాయవృత్తః కురుపాణ్డవేయానధ్యాతిష్ఠద్ధార్తరాష్ట్రో దురాత్మా ॥ ౧౦ ॥

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