Han: 6 definitions


Han means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Han, (indecl.) see haṃ. (Page 729)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of han in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Han (हन्).—2 P. (hanti, jaghāna, avadhīt, avadhiṣṭa-ahata; haniṣyati, hantum; hata; pass. hanyate; caus. ghātayati-te); desid. जिघांसति (jighāṃsati))

1) To kill, slay, destroy, strike down; त्रयश्च दूषणखरत्रि- मूर्धानो रणे हताः (trayaśca dūṣaṇakharatri- mūrdhāno raṇe hatāḥ) U.2.15; हतमपि च हन्त्येव मदनः (hatamapi ca hantyeva madanaḥ) Bh.3.18.

2) To strike, beat; चण्डी चण्डं हन्तमभ्युद्यता मां विद्युद्दाम्ना मेघराजीव विन्ध्यम् (caṇḍī caṇḍaṃ hantamabhyudyatā māṃ vidyuddāmnā megharājīva vindhyam) M.3.21; Śi.7.56.

3) To hurt, injure, afflict, torment; as in कामहत (kāmahata).

4) To put down, abandon; तृष्णां छिन्द्धि भज क्षमां जहि मदम् (tṛṣṇāṃ chinddhi bhaja kṣamāṃ jahi madam) Bh.2.77.

5) To remove, take away, destroy; अम्भोजिनीवननिवासविलासमेव हंसस्य हन्ति नितरां कुपितो विधाता (ambhojinīvananivāsavilāsameva haṃsasya hanti nitarāṃ kupito vidhātā) Bh.2.18.

6) To conquer, overthrow, defeat, overcome; विघ्नैः सहस्रगुणितैरपि हन्यमानाः प्रारब्धमुत्तम- जना न परित्यजन्ति (vighnaiḥ sahasraguṇitairapi hanyamānāḥ prārabdhamuttama- janā na parityajanti) Subhāṣ.

7) To hinder, obstruct.

8) To mar, spoil; सकला हन्ति स शक्तिसंपदः (sakalā hanti sa śaktisaṃpadaḥ) Ki.2.37.

9) To raise; तुरगखुरहतस्तथा हि रेणुः (turagakhurahatastathā hi reṇuḥ) Ś.1.31.

1) To multiply (in math.).

11) To go (rarely used in classical literature in this sense; and when used it is regarded as a fault of composition); e. g. कुञ्जं हन्ति कृशोदरी (kuñjaṃ hanti kṛśodarī) S. D.7; or तीर्थान्तरेषु स्नानेन समुपार्जितसत्कृतिः । सुरस्रोतस्विनीमेष हन्ति संप्रति सादरम् (tīrthāntareṣu snānena samupārjitasatkṛtiḥ | surasrotasvinīmeṣa hanti saṃprati sādaram) K. P.7 (given as an instance of the doṣa called asamarthatva).

12) (In astr.) To touch, come into contact.

13) To ward off, avert. -Caus.

1) To cause to be killed, kill, slay.

2) To destroy, ruin, mar, spoil; घातयितु- मेव नीचः परकार्यं वेत्ति न प्रसाधयितुम् (ghātayitu- meva nīcaḥ parakāryaṃ vetti na prasādhayitum) Pt.1.363. -With अति (ati) to injure excessively. अन्तर् (antar) to strike in the middle.

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Han (हन्).—a. Killing, slaying, destroying (at the end of comp.); as in वृत्रहन्, पितृहन्, मातृहन्, ब्रह्महन् (vṛtrahan, pitṛhan, mātṛhan, brahmahan) &.c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Han (हन्).—r. 2nd cl. (hanti pl. ghnanti) 1. To hurt, to strike, to injure, to do any act which tends to the destruction of life, to kill. 2. To overcome, to overthrow, to conquer. 3. To remove, to take away. 4. To obstruct. 5. To put an end to in any manner. 6. To multiply, (in math.) 7. To go, to move, (not used in classical literature; in a few places where it is found so used poeticians have held the use to be faulty.) With ap, 1. To destroy, to ward off. 2. To lesson. With ava, 1. To strike, to hit. 2. To thresh, to winnow, (as corn.) With ā, (Atm.) 1. To strike at. 2. To beat, (as a drum.) With ud, 1. To elevate. 2. To become haughty or vain. With upa, 1. To destroy. 2. To vex. With ni, 1. To strike. 2. To beat, (as a drum.) 3. To kill. 4. To frustrate, to render void. 5. To neglect. 6. To cure, (as a disease.) With parā, 1. To strike down or back. 2. To assail. 3. To drive back. With vi, 1. To strike violently. 2. To oppose, to impede. 3. To reject, to deny. 4. To kill. With abhi, 1. To sound a musical instrument. 2. To strike, to beat. 3. To inflict injury on. With āṅ, To smite. With ni or pari, To destroy entirely. With pra, 1. To strike. 2. To slay. 3. To beat, (as a drum.) 4. To place upon. With prati, 1. To refute or dstroy, (an opposite argument.) 2. To keep off, to strike back. 3. To repel. 4. To resist. 5. To remove. With vi and āṅ, To obstruct, to prevent, to hinder. With sam, 1. To slaughter. 2. To join or unite closely. 3. To collect. 4. To diminish, to contract. (ghan or ghna is substituted for the radical letters of this verb in many of its inflections and derivatives; the root also takes most of the prefixes with little or no variation of the sense)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Han (हन्).—probably for original dhan, ii. 2, [Parasmaipada.] (in epic poetry also [Ātmanepada.], [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 45, 49), ved., i. 1, jighna; some verbal forms are derived also, or only, from badh Badh, or vadh Vadh, 1. To strike, Mahābhārata 1, 6706; to peck, [Hitopadeśa] 81, 21. 2. To wound, to hurt, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 84; to injure, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 50 (badhyante, pass.), to overturn (right), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 15. 3. To kill, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 78, 22; pass. badh, with the termination of the [Parasmaipada.], Mahābhārata 2, 8765. 4. To destroy, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 14; mā kato 'badhit, 8, 15 (blot out the'). 5. To remove (darkness), [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 17, M. M.; (impurity), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 102. 6. To impede, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 253. 7. † To go. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. hata. 1. Killed, Chr. 62, 51. 2. Utterly ruined, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 22. 3. Ended. 4. Lost, Chr. 32, 28. 5. Deprived of, without, especially when former part of comp. adj.; e. g. hata -sādhvasa, adj. Fearless, cf. also [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 49; [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 5, 17. 6. Disappointed. 7. Worthless, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 809. 8. (In arithmetic), Multiplied. n. 1. Hurting, killing. 2. Multiplication. Comp. A-, adj. 1. not beaten (as a drum). 2. unwashed, Mahābhārata 2, 99. 3. new, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 3, 10. n. new cloth (properly, ‘not yet waṣed’). Manohata, i. e. manas-, adj. disappointed. Ptcple. of the fut. pass. badhya. 1. Deserving death, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 144. 2. Condemned to death. Comp. Ātmavadhyā, i. e. ātman-, f. suicide, Mahābhārata 1, 6227. Frequent. jaṃghan, To strike repeatedly, Chr. 293, 2 = [Rigveda.] i. 88, 2. Desider. jighāṃsa, To wish or to be inclined to kill, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 3; [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 54, 135 ([Ātmanepada.]). [Causal.] ghātaya, properly a [denominative.] derived from ghāta, To cause to be killed, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 2, 21 (kaṃ ghātayati hanti kam, Whom will he kill by means of others or by his own hand?). ghātavya (anomal. for ghātayitavya, or hantavya?), Deserving death, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 9, 9. ghātya, To be killed, [Pañcatantra] 194, 6 (sukha-, Easy to be killed).

— With apa apa, 1. To remove (sin), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 96. 2. To take away, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 15 (probably is to be read apahartum).

— With abhi abhi, 1. To assail, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 194, 11. 2. To strike, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 206; anomal. abhy aghnam, [Arjunasamāgama] 7, 6. 3. To cast on, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 117, 3. 4. To kill, Mahābhārata 3. 12108. abhihata, 1. Struck, Chr. 40, 9. 2. Subdued. 3. (In medicine), Obstructed. 4. (In arithmetic), Multiplied.

— With ava ava, To kick (anyonyaṃ jānubhis, each other with the knees, in wrestling), Mahābhārata 2, 915.

— With ā ā, [Ātmanepada.], when without object, or the object being a member, 1. To strike, [Devīmāhātmya, (ed. Poley.)] 9, 27; [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 50, 20. 2. To beat (a kettle-drum), [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 67. 3. [Ātmanepada.] To kill one’s self, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 199, 12. āhata, 1. Struck, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 4; injured, killed. 2. Understood, known. 3. Uttered falsely. 4. Multiplied. m. A drum. n. 1. Old cloth. 2. Assertion of an impossibility. Comp. An-, adj. without being beaten (as drums), Chr. 37, 25.

— With abhyā abhi-ā, 1. To strike, Mahābhārata 1, 8223. 2. To wound, Chr. 43, 25. abhyāhata, 1. Killed. 2. Obstructed, impeded.

— With pratyā prati-ā, To drive back, Chr. 31, 11 ([Ātmanepada.]).

— With vyā vi-ā, 1. To obstruct, to impede, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 10, 32. 2. To delay, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 9, 54. a-vyāhata, Unimpeded, [Pañcatantra] 16, 1. [Causal.] To obstruct, Mahābhārata 1, 8109.

— With samā sam-ā, 1. To join, [Arjunasamāgama] 3, 40. 2. To strike, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 339; Mahābhārata 1, 6291. 3. To beat (a kettle-drum), Mahābhārata 1, 7941. 4. To kill, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 32, 17. samāhata, 1. Struck, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 147 (nīti-mantra-pavanaiḥ, Struck by the counsels of good policy as by storms). 2. Wounded.

— With ud ud, ved. jighna, To throw up, Chr. 290, 11 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 11. uddhata, 1. Thrown up (as dust), [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 8; (as the sea), [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 28, 27. 2. Raised, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 1, 10; moved, [Pañcatantra] 21, 2. 3. Intense, [Pañcatantra] 93, 2. 4. Puffed up, haughty, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 151, 2; Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 2375. 5. Ill-behaved, rude. 6. [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 53, 32, read uddhṛtau, with Gorr. 39. Comp. An-, adj. not proud, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 6, 22. Mada-, adj. drunk, mad, [Pañcatantra] 254, 8.

— With samud sam -ud, samuddhata, 1. Risen, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 124, 10. 2. Proud, [Śiśupālavadha] 2, 117; [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 15.

— With upa upa, 1. To scratch, Mahābhārata 2, 2123 (you scratch as a cat its nourisher). 2. To touch, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 208. 3. To strike, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 160, 18. 4. To kill, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 26, 140; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 176, 8. upahata, 1. Injured, spoiled, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 127. 2. Assailed, [Śṛṅgāratilaks] 12. 3. Pained, afflicted, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 1, 15; dāridra-, adj. Afflicted by poverty, [Pañcatantra] 119, 5; apāya-upahata-antar-ātman, adj. One whose heart is discouraged by misfortune, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 115. 4. Struck by lightning, etc., by the rays of the sun, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 48. 5. Destroyed. 6. Infected, polluted, tarniṣed, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 191. 7. Impure. Comp. An-, adj. approved, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 60.

— With ni ni, 1. To strike, Mahābhārata 3, 11953. 2. To kill, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 116. 3. To destroy, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 42, M. M. 4. To disregard, [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 31, M. M. nihata, 1. Struck down, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 78, 70. 2. Killed, [Kirātārjunīya] 14, 14. 3. Infixed, attached, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 82, 16.

— With pariṇi pari-ni, To strike, Mahābhārata 3, 12261 (has ni).

— With vini vi-ni, 1. To pat, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 9, 16. 2. To kill, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 347. 3. To destroy, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 37; to remove (darkness), Mahābhārata 1, 85.

— With nis nis, 1. To drag out (of one’s house), [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 432. 2. To remove, [Suśruta] 1, 100, 16.

— With parā parā, To push on, Mahābhārata 3, 1288 (the clouds were pushed on by the violence of the wind). parāhata, 1. Struck. 2. Assailed. n. Strike, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 140, 15.

— With pari pari, parihata, Lost, [Gītagovinda. ed. Lassen.] 5, 13. Comp. A-, adj. not avoided, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 69, 2 (v. r. probably is to be read aparikṛta).

— With pra pra, prahata, 1. Struck, wounded. 2. Beaten (as a drum), [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 65. 3. Killed. 4. Repelled. 5. Overcome. 6. Spread, expanded. 7. Contiguous. 8. Learned, accomplished. Absol. prabadhya, Being killed, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 269.

— With vipra vi-pra, a-viprahata, adj. Not distant, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 26, 12.

— With prati prati, 1. To return a blow, Mahābhārata 3, 1091. 2. To drive back, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 50; to remove, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 20. 3. To disown, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 191. 4. To keep off, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 13; to prevent, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 174, 6. 5. To oppose, to resist, [Arjunasamāgama] 10, 20. pratihata, 1. Obstructed, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 156, 9. 2. Repulsed, [Arjunasamāgama] 8, 11; averted, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 91, 15. 3. Hated. 4. Struck. 5. Disappointed. 6. Sent, dispatched. 7. Overthrown, fallen. 8. Tied, bound. Comp. A-, adj. 1. uninjured, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 126, M. M. 2. unfailing, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 86, 3.

— With vi vi, 1. To strike, [Arjunasamāgama] 10, 23. 2. To afflict, Mahābhārata 2, 151; [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 79, 28. 3. To kill, [Pañcatantra] 86, 23; Mahābhārata 3, 11117. 4. To destroy, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 27. 5. To interrupt, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] [distich] 38. 6. To separate, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 163, 3. 7. To obstruct, to impede, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 232; [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 73. 8. To deny, to refuse, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 11, 2. vihata, Opposed, resisted. Comp. A-, adj. irresistible, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 10. [Causal.] To cause to be destroyed, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 109.

— With sam sam, To put together, to close (one’s hands), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 71. saṃhata, 1. Joined, combined, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 36, M. M. 2. Collected, [Indralokāgamana] 1, 6; keeping together, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 125. 3. Closely allied, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 66. 4. Closed, shut. 5. Compact, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 25. 6. Strong-knit, [Draupadīpramātha] 7, 9 (the forehead by frowning); well-limbed. 7. Combining, acting together. 8. Struck, wounded, killed. Comp. A-, adj. disagreeing, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 86. Su-, adj. well-compacted, well-knit.

— With abhisam abhi-sam, To unite, Mahābhārata 2, 800.

— Cf. [Gothic.] dauths, dauthus; A. S. deád, deadh; dydan, to kill; [Latin] fen-d in offendere, infestus, probably fessus, fatigare (cf. rutilus, s. v. rudhira, latere, s. v. rah, etc.); with badh, cf. [Latin] patior; perhaps A. S. beado, battle; bytl, a hammer; also [Gothic.] du-ginnan; A. S. a-ginnan.

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Han (हन्).—[-han], latter part of comp. words, f. ghnī, Killing, having killed, etc.; e. g. cakṣurhan, i. e. cakṣus-, adj. Killing by a glance of his eye, Mahābhārata 13, 2156. pitṛ-, m. A parricide, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 447. brahmahan. i. e. brahman-, m. The slayer of a Brāhmaṇa, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 101; 128 (anomal. gen. -haṇas instead of ghnas). yajña-, adj. Sacrifice-destroying, a name of Śiva, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 96, 78. vīrahan and vṛtrahan, see s. vv. haya-grīva- (see grīvā), m. Viṣnu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Han (हन्).—1. hanti hate jighnate jighnati (hanati), [participle] hata (q.v.) smite, beat, strike, strike down, hew off, hit, pierce, hurt, injure, throw (a spear or an arrow) upon ([genetive] or [dative]), slay, kill, destroy (ātmānamātmanā one’s self), suppress, give up, abandon. [Causative] ghātayati (q.v.). [Desiderative] jighāṃsati (te) wish to strike down or kill. [Intensive] jaṅghanti (jaṅghanyate) tread upon ([locative] or [accusative]) strike, slay, destroy; vex, afflict.

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Han (हन्).—2. [feminine] ghnī (—°) killing, slayer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Han (हन्):—1. han [class] 2. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxiv, 2]) hanti (3. [dual number] hataḥ, 3. [plural] ghnanti; rarely [Ātmanepada] hate, 3. [plural] ghnate; and [class] 1. hanati, [Vedic or Veda] also jighnate, ti; [Potential] hanyāt, [Brāhmaṇa] also hanīta, ghnīta; [imperative] jahi, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka] handhi; [imperfect tense] ahan, [Vedic or Veda] and [Epic] also ahanat, ahanan, aghnanta; p. jaghnat, ghnamāna, [Mahābhārata]; [perfect tense] jaghāna, jaghnuḥ, [Brāhmaṇa.and] [Epic] also jaghne, nire [subjunctive] jaghanat, [Ṛg-veda]; p. jaghnivas, [Vedic or Veda] also jaghanvas; [Aorist] ahānīt, [Jaiminīya-brāhmaṇa] cf.vadh; [future] hantā, [Mahābhārata]; haṃsyati, [ib.]; haniṣyati, te, [Atharva-veda] etc.; [infinitive mood] hantum, [Vedic or Veda] also hantave, tavai, toḥ; [indeclinable participle] hatvā, [Vedic or Veda] also tvī, tvāya, -hatya; -hanya, [Mahābhārata]; -ghātam, [Brāhmaṇa] etc.),

—to strike, beat (also a drum), pound, hammer ([accusative]), strike etc. upon ([locative case]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to smite, slay, hit, kill, mar, destroy, [ib.];

—to put to death, cause to be executed, [Manu-smṛti; Hitopadeśa];

—to strike off, [Kathāsaritsāgara];

—to ward off, avert, [Mahābhārata];

—to hurt, wound (the heart), [Rāmāyaṇa];

—to hurl (a dart) upon ([genitive case]), [Ṛg-veda];

— (in [astronomy]) to touch, come into contact, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā];

—to obstruct, hinder, [Rājataraṅgiṇī];

—to repress, give up, abandon (anger, sorrow etc.), [Kāvya literature; Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

— (?) to go, move, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 14] :—[Passive voice] hanyate ([Epic] also ti; [Aorist] avadhi or aghāni),

—to be struck or killed, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.:—[Causal] ghātayati, te (properly a [Nominal verb] [from] ghāta q.v.; [Aorist] ajīghatat or ajīghanat),

—to cause to be slain or killed, kill, slay, put to death, punish, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to notify a person’s death (kaṃsaṃ ghātayati = kaṃsa-vadham ācaṣṭe), [Pāṇini 3-1, 26], [vArttika] 6 [Patañjali];

—to mar, destroy, [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra] ([varia lectio]) :—[Desiderative] jighāṃsati, te ([Potential] jighāṃsīyat, [Mahābhārata]; [imperfect tense] ajighāṃsīḥ, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]),

—to wish to kill or destroy, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.:—[Intensive] jaṅghanti ([Ṛg-veda]; p. jaṅghanat, jaṅghnat or ghanighnat), jaṅghanyate (with pass. sense, [Muṇḍaka-upaniṣad]), jeghnīyate ([Pāṇini 7-4, 31]), to strike = tread upon ([locative case] or [accusative]), [Ṛg-veda];

—to slay, kill, [ib.];

—to dispel (darkness), destroy (evil, harm), [ib.];

—to hurt, injure, wound, [Muṇḍaka-upaniṣad]

2) cf. [Greek] θείνω, θάνατος; φόνος, ἔπεφνον πέφαται; [Latin] de-fendere, of-fendere; Lit. genu, gíti; [Slavonic or Slavonian] gŭnati.

3) 2. han mf(ghnī)n. killing, a killer, slayer (only ifc.; See ari-, tamo-han etc.)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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