Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 4.60.13

ततो गजे राजनि चैव भिन्ने भग्ने विकर्णे च सपादरक्षे ।
गाण्डीवमुक्तैर्विशिखैः प्रणुन्नास्ते योधमुख्याः सहसापजग्मुः ॥ १३ ॥

tato gaje rājani caiva bhinne bhagne vikarṇe ca sapādarakṣe |
gāṇḍīvamuktairviśikhaiḥ praṇunnāste yodhamukhyāḥ sahasāpajagmuḥ || 13 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...latter was contending with all his prowess. And sorely afflicted with pain Ganga’s son of mighty arms and irresistible in battle, stood for a long time leaning on the pole of his car. And beholding...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.60.13). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Gaja, Rajan, Rajani, Bhinna, Bhagna, Vikarna, Sapada, Raksha, Gandivamukta, Vishikha, Pranunna, Yushmad, Yodhamukhya, Sahasa, Sahas, Apa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 4.60.13). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato gaje rājani caiva bhinne bhagne vikarṇe ca sapādarakṣe
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • gaje -
  • gaja (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    gajā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • rājani -
  • rājanī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    rājani (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    rājan (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • bhinne -
  • bhinna (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhinna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    bhinnā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • bhagne -
  • bhagna (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhagna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    bhagnā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • vikarṇe -
  • vikarṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vikarṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    vikarṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sapāda -
  • sapāda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sapāda (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rakṣe -
  • rakṣa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    rakṣa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    rakṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “gāṇḍīvamuktairviśikhaiḥ praṇunnāste yodhamukhyāḥ sahasāpajagmuḥ
  • gāṇḍīvamuktair -
  • gāṇḍīvamukta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    gāṇḍīvamukta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • viśikhaiḥ -
  • viśikha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    viśikha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • praṇunnās -
  • praṇunna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    praṇunnā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • yodhamukhyāḥ -
  • yodhamukhya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • sahasā -
  • sahasā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sahasa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sahasa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sahas (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sahas (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sahasā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • apa -
  • apa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    apa (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • jagmuḥ -
  • gam (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
    gam (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]
    gam (verb class 3)
    [perfect active third plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 4.60.13

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 4.60.13 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ಗಜೇ ರಾಜನಿ ಚೈವ ಭಿನ್ನೇ ಭಗ್ನೇ ವಿಕರ್ಣೇ ಚ ಸಪಾದರಕ್ಷೇ ।
ಗಾಣ್ಡೀವಮುಕ್ತೈರ್ವಿಶಿಖೈಃ ಪ್ರಣುನ್ನಾಸ್ತೇ ಯೋಧಮುಖ್ಯಾಃ ಸಹಸಾಪಜಗ್ಮುಃ ॥ ೧೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 4.60.13 in Bengali sript:
ততো গজে রাজনি চৈব ভিন্নে ভগ্নে বিকর্ণে চ সপাদরক্ষে ।
গাণ্ডীবমুক্তৈর্বিশিখৈঃ প্রণুন্নাস্তে যোধমুখ্যাঃ সহসাপজগ্মুঃ ॥ ১৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 4.60.13 in Gujarati sript:
તતો ગજે રાજનિ ચૈવ ભિન્ને ભગ્ને વિકર્ણે ચ સપાદરક્ષે ।
ગાણ્ડીવમુક્તૈર્વિશિખૈઃ પ્રણુન્નાસ્તે યોધમુખ્યાઃ સહસાપજગ્મુઃ ॥ ૧૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 4.60.13 in Malayalam sript:
തതോ ഗജേ രാജനി ചൈവ ഭിന്നേ ഭഗ്നേ വികര്ണേ ച സപാദരക്ഷേ ।
ഗാണ്ഡീവമുക്തൈര്വിശിഖൈഃ പ്രണുന്നാസ്തേ യോധമുഖ്യാഃ സഹസാപജഗ്മുഃ ॥ ൧൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 4.60.13 in Telugu sript:
తతో గజే రాజని చైవ భిన్నే భగ్నే వికర్ణే చ సపాదరక్షే ।
గాణ్డీవముక్తైర్విశిఖైః ప్రణున్నాస్తే యోధముఖ్యాః సహసాపజగ్ముః ॥ ౧౩ ॥

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