Vikarna, Vikarṇa, Vikarṇā: 9 definitions

Introduction

Vikarna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Vikarṇa (विकर्ण).—One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. The following information is available in Mahābhārata about this valiant fighter.

(i) Vikarṇa, the son of Dhrtarāṣṭra was one of the eleven mahārathas. (great warriors). (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 63, Stanza 39).

(ii) Among the disciples of Droṇa, who attacked Drupada, Vikarṇa was one. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 137, Stanza 19).

(iii) Vikarṇa was present at the Svayaṃvara (marriage) of Draupadī (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, Stanza 1).

(iv) Vikarṇa was one of those kings who stood silent and sad, being unable to answer the questions put by Draupadī when she was about to be stripped of her clothes. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 68, Stanza 1).

(v) Once Karṇa reviled at Vikarṇa. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 68, Stanza 80).

(vi) At the time of the theft of the cows of king Virāṭa by Duryodhana and his brothers. Vikarṇa fought against Arjuna. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 54, Stanza 9).

(vii) A severe fight followed in which the defeated Vikarṇa fled from the battle-ground. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 54, Stanza 41).

(viii) Hit by the arrow of Arjuna, Vikarṇa was wounded and he fell down from the chariot. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 51, Stanza 41).

(ix) On the first day of the battle of Bhārata, Vikarṇa entered in a combat with Śrutasoma. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 45, Stanza 58).

(x) He fought with Sahadeva. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 71, Stanza 21).

(xi) Abhimanyu defeated Vikarṇa. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 78, Stanza 21).

(xii) Ghaṭotkaca defeated Vikarṇa. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 92, Stanza 36).

(xiii) There was a combat between Nakula and Vikarṇa. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 110, Stanza 11).

(xiv) He fought with Bhīmasena. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 113).

(xv) He fought with Śikhaṇḍī. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 96, Stanza 31).

(xvi) He fought with Nakula and was defeated. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 107, Stanza 30).

(xvii) Bhīmasena killed him. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 137, Stanza 29).

2) Vikarṇa (विकर्ण).—A hermit devoted to Śiva. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 14, Stanza 99, that Śiva was pleased with the devotion of this hermit and appearing before him granted him boons.

3) Vikarṇa (विकर्ण).—A country of ancient India. The warriors of this country joined the army of Śakuni and fought against the Pāṇḍavas. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 51, Stanza 15).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vikarṇa (विकर्ण).—An ally of Yudhiṣṭhira: took active part in his Rājasūya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 75. 6.

1b) A brother of Balāhaka and a commander of Bhaṇḍa: Bheruṇḍa was his riding animal.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 24. 9 and 49.

1c) The first of the two sons of Khaśā (s.v.); the most terrible and terror striking; with four hands, four feet and two ways of moving, etc.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 76-79.

2) Vikarṇā (विकर्णा).—A tribe.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 121. 54.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vikarṇa (विकर्ण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.62) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vikarṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of vikarna in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vikarna (विकर्ण): A son of Dhritarashtra who declared the staking of Draupadi illegal, as Yudhishthira himself was a slave and had lost all his rights. Therefore the Kauravas had not won Draupadi legally, he held

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vikarṇa (विकर्ण).—Name of a Kuru prince; Bg.1.8.

Derivable forms: vikarṇaḥ (विकर्णः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikarṇa (विकर्ण).—mfn.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇī-rṇaṃ) Ear-less. m.

(-rṇaḥ) One of the Kuru princes.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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