Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.16.15

संक्रमा भेदिताः सर्वे नावश्च प्रतिषेधिताः ।
परिखाश्चापि कौरव्य कीलैः सुनिचिताः कृताः ॥ १५ ॥

saṃkramā bheditāḥ sarve nāvaśca pratiṣedhitāḥ |
parikhāścāpi kauravya kīlaiḥ sunicitāḥ kṛtāḥ || 15 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...the commander of Salva’s forces and his chief counsellor also! And, O you foremost of Bharatas, the son of Jambavati then began to shower arrows in a continuous stream even as Indra...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.16.15). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sankrama, Bhedita, Sarva, Nava, Nau, Prati, Sha, Dhita, Parikha, Capin, Capi, Kauravya, Kila, Cita, Krita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.16.15). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “saṃkramā bheditāḥ sarve nāvaśca pratiṣedhitāḥ
  • saṅkramā* -
  • saṅkrama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • bheditāḥ -
  • bhedita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    bheditā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    bhid -> bhedita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √bhid], [vocative plural from √bhid]
    bhid -> bheditā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √bhid], [vocative plural from √bhid], [accusative plural from √bhid]
  • sarve -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • nāvaś -
  • nāva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nau (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prati -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ṣe -
  • ṣa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ṣa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    ṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • dhitāḥ -
  • dhita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    dhitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “parikhāścāpi kauravya kīlaiḥ sunicitāḥ kṛtāḥ
  • parikhāś -
  • parikhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • cāpi -
  • cāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    cāpī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    cāpī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    cāpi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kauravya -
  • kauravya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kīlaiḥ -
  • kīla (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    kīla (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • suni -
  • (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • citāḥ -
  • cita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    citā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • kṛtāḥ -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative plural from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √kṛ class 8 verb], [vocative plural from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative plural from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative plural from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √kṛ class 8 verb], [vocative plural from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative plural from √kṛ class 8 verb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.16.15

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.16.15 in Kannada sript:
ಸಂಕ್ರಮಾ ಭೇದಿತಾಃ ಸರ್ವೇ ನಾವಶ್ಚ ಪ್ರತಿಷೇಧಿತಾಃ ।
ಪರಿಖಾಶ್ಚಾಪಿ ಕೌರವ್ಯ ಕೀಲೈಃ ಸುನಿಚಿತಾಃ ಕೃತಾಃ ॥ ೧೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.16.15 in Bengali sript:
সংক্রমা ভেদিতাঃ সর্বে নাবশ্চ প্রতিষেধিতাঃ ।
পরিখাশ্চাপি কৌরব্য কীলৈঃ সুনিচিতাঃ কৃতাঃ ॥ ১৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.16.15 in Gujarati sript:
સંક્રમા ભેદિતાઃ સર્વે નાવશ્ચ પ્રતિષેધિતાઃ ।
પરિખાશ્ચાપિ કૌરવ્ય કીલૈઃ સુનિચિતાઃ કૃતાઃ ॥ ૧૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.16.15 in Malayalam sript:
സംക്രമാ ഭേദിതാഃ സര്വേ നാവശ്ച പ്രതിഷേധിതാഃ ।
പരിഖാശ്ചാപി കൌരവ്യ കീലൈഃ സുനിചിതാഃ കൃതാഃ ॥ ൧൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.16.15 in Telugu sript:
సంక్రమా భేదితాః సర్వే నావశ్చ ప్రతిషేధితాః ।
పరిఖాశ్చాపి కౌరవ్య కీలైః సునిచితాః కృతాః ॥ ౧౫ ॥

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